Schönefeld

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Schönefeld
Schönefeld village church
Schönefeld village church
Coat of arms of Schönefeld
Coat of arms
Location of Schönefeld within Dahme-Spreewald district
Schönefeld in LDS.png
Schönefeld is located in Germany
Schönefeld
Schönefeld
Schönefeld is located in Brandenburg
Schönefeld
Schönefeld
Coordinates: 52°23′18″N 13°30′17″E / 52.38833°N 13.50472°E / 52.38833; 13.50472Coordinates: 52°23′18″N 13°30′17″E / 52.38833°N 13.50472°E / 52.38833; 13.50472
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictDahme-Spreewald
Subdivisions6 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorDr. Udo Haase (AFE)
Area
 • Total81.57 km2 (31.49 sq mi)
Elevation
44 m (144 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total15,472
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
12529
Dialling codes030, 03379, 033762
Vehicle registrationLDS
WebsiteOfficial website

Schönefeld is a suburban municipality in the Dahme-Spreewald district, Brandenburg, Germany. It borders the southeastern districts of Berlin. The municipal area encompasses Berlin Schönefeld Airport.

Geography[edit]

It is located about 22 km (14 mi) southeast of the Berlin city centre, next to one of Berlin's two airports, Berlin Schönefeld (SXF), which is to be replaced in by Berlin Brandenburg Airport (BER). The new airport is currently under construction and also to be located in Schönefeld, partly on land now occupied by the existing airport.

In the north, Schönefeld adjoins to the Berlin boroughs of Tempelhof-Schöneberg, Neukölln, and Treptow-Köpenick with the localities of Lichtenrade, Gropiusstadt, Buckow, Rudow, Altglienicke, and Bohnsdorf. In the south, it borders Mittenwalde, in the west, Blankenfelde-Mahlow and in the east, Schulzendorf and Zeuthen.

Civil parishes[edit]

The Schönefeld municipal area comprises six districts (Ortsteile), former municipalities in their own right which were incorporated in 2003:

The settlement of Kienberg, part of Waltersdorf, was cleared of residents to permit expansion of the Berlin Brandenburg Airport and is to be developed as a commercial area.

History and monuments[edit]

The first preserved mention of Schönefeld in the Mittelmark territory dates back to 1242. Sconenfelde, then a possession held by the Lords of Selchow, is documented in the 1375 Landbuch (domesday book) of Emperor Charles IV, when he also ruled as Elector of Brandenburg. The village church, rebuilt in 1904/05 according to plans designed by Franz Heinrich Schwechten, includes a large Baroque altar. Waltersdorf and Waßmannsdorf also have village churches dating to the first half of the 13th century.

From 1933 onwards the Henschel aircraft company moved from Johannisthal Air Field to Schönefeld and had three runways laid out next to the village. More than 14,000 warplanes were built at the site until 1945, when the premises were occupied by the Red Army. In the Großziethen cemetery is a memorial to 200 prisoners of war and forced laborers who died during World War II. The Soviet Air Forces used the air field from 1946, one year later the Soviet Military Administration ordered the buildup of a civil air service supplying East Berlin.

Before German reunification Schönefeld shared its borders partly with boroughs of former West Berlin (present-day Neukölln and Tempelhof-Schöneberg[2]), and so from 1961 to 1990 it was separated from it by the Berlin Wall.[3][4]

Demography[edit]

Schönefeld: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[5]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 2,903—    
1890 3,415+1.09%
1910 3,613+0.28%
1925 3,918+0.54%
1933 4,278+1.10%
1939 5,811+5.24%
1946 6,397+1.38%
1950 6,446+0.19%
1964 6,117−0.37%
1971 5,605−1.24%
1981 6,068+0.80%
1985 5,857−0.88%
1989 5,449−1.79%
1990 5,312−2.51%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 5,128−3.46%
1992 5,450+6.28%
1993 6,023+10.51%
1994 6,456+7.19%
1995 7,619+18.01%
1996 8,772+15.13%
1997 9,752+11.17%
1998 10,496+7.63%
1999 11,059+5.36%
2000 11,218+1.44%
2001 11,405+1.67%
2002 11,667+2.30%
2003 11,843+1.51%
2004 11,993+1.27%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 12,274+2.34%
2006 12,354+0.65%
2007 12,462+0.87%
2008 12,831+2.96%
2009 13,060+1.78%
2010 13,256+1.50%
2011 13,317+0.46%
2012 13,453+1.02%
2013 13,760+2.28%
2014 13,895+0.98%
2015 14,190+2.12%
2016 14,423+1.64%
2017 14,625+1.40%
2018 15,472+5.79%

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Transport[edit]

Business[edit]

The Airport-Center, an industrial area in Waltersdorf, and Berlin Schönefeld Airport are important sources of revenue for Schönefeld.[citation needed]

The head office of Private Wings is located in the General Aviation Terminal (Allgemeine Luftfahrt) on the property of Schönefeld Airport.[6][7][8] Before its disestablishment, the East German airline company Interflug had its head office on the grounds of the airport.[9] Bremenfly also had its head office in Schönefeld.[10]

Politics[edit]

Town hall

Seats in the municipal council (Gemeinderat):

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Schönefeld is twinned with Mongolia Bayangol, a district of Ulaanbataar (since 1999).,[11]

Education[edit]

Primary schools in the municipality:

  • Astrid-Lindgren-Grundschule Schönefeld[12]
  • Paul-Maar-Grundschule Großziethen[13]

There is a private secondary school, Evangelische Schule Schönefeld.[14]

Notable people[edit]

  • Rosemarie Clausen, theatrical photographer, born in Großziethen in 1907
  • Rudi Dutschke, prominent spokesperson of the German student movement of the 1960s

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Source: "ADAC StadtAtlas - Berlin-Potsdam". ed. 2007 - pages 232, 233, 234 - ISBN 3-8264-1348-2
  3. ^ Map and info about the wall on "Berlin Wall Online" (in German)
  4. ^ Info, maps and pictures (see the sections "Lichterfelde-Schönefeld" and "Schönefeld-East Side Gallery")
  5. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
  6. ^ "Anfahrt GAT Schönefeld." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013.
  7. ^ "Access Business Aviation Center/GAT." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013.
  8. ^ "Imprint." Private Wings. Retrieved on 7 January 2013. "Postal adress: [sic] PRIVATE WINGS Flugcharter GmbH Chief executive officers: Peter Paul Gatz und Andreas Wagner Flughafen Berlin - Schönefeld 12521 Berlin, Germany" and "Delivery address: Private Wings Flugcharter GmbH Waßmannsdorfer Straße 12529 Schönefeld (ehemals Diepensee)"
  9. ^ "World Airline Directory," Flight International, 26 March 1988, p. 82. (pdf)
  10. ^ "Kontakt." Bremenfly. 27 August 2010. Retrieved on 7 January 2012. "Zeppelinstr. 1 Berlin-Schönefeld 12529 Deutschland"
  11. ^ Partnerstadt Bayangol (Twin city Bayangol) on the city's official homepage, accessed 22 July 2014
  12. ^ "Astrid-Lindgren-Grundschule Schönefeld." Schönefeld. Retrieved on September 13, 2016.
  13. ^ "Paul-Maar-Grundschule Großziethen." Schönefeld. Retrieved on September 13, 2016.
  14. ^ "Evangelische Schule Schönefeld - Gymnasium." Schönefeld. Retrieved on September 13, 2016.

Sources[edit]

  • Bernd Kuhlmann. Schönefeld bei Berlin - 1 Amt, 1 Flughafen und 11 Bahnhöfe. Berlin: Gesellschaft für Verkehrspolitik und Eisenbahnwesen, 1996. ISBN 3-89218-038-5 (in German)

External links[edit]

Media related to Schönefeld at Wikimedia Commons