Schalkwijk, Utrecht

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Schalkwijk
Village
St. Michael's Church
St. Michael's Church
LocatieHouten.png
The village center (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Schalkwijk in the municipality of Houten.
The village center (dark green) and the statistical district (light green) of Schalkwijk in the municipality of Houten.
Coordinates: 51°59′38″N 5°11′14″E / 51.99389°N 5.18722°E / 51.99389; 5.18722Coordinates: 51°59′38″N 5°11′14″E / 51.99389°N 5.18722°E / 51.99389; 5.18722
Country Netherlands
Province Utrecht
Municipality Houten
Population (2005)
 • Total 1,973
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Schalkwijk [ˈsxɑɫkʋɛik] is a small village in the Dutch province of Utrecht. It consists of a small village centre on the railway line between Utrecht and 's-Hertogenbosch and a 5 km long ribbon of farms along the small channel Schalkwijksche Wetering.

The statistical district of Schalkwijk had a population of about 1650 in 2004.[1]

History[edit]

Municipality of Schalkwijk in 1868[2]

According to the 19th century historian A.J. van der Aa,[3] Schalkwijk was a heerlijkheid owned by the lords of Culemborg. In 1523, the dike of the Lek river at Schalkwijk broke, and the village was severely damaged by the flooding.[3]

When the current municipal system was introduced in the Netherlands in 1812, Schalkwijk and Tull en 't Waal merged to become a single municipality called Schalkwijk. In 1818, Tull en 't Waal became independent again, and Schalkwijk was a separate municipality until it merged with Houten on 1 January 1962.[4]

The municipality of Schalkwijk included the village of Schalkwijk itself and the surrounding former hamlets Rietveld, Blokhoven, and Pothuizen. Its area was 17.9 km2. Most of the inhabitants were Roman Catholic, and went to church in the St. Michael's Church in the village centre.[3]

When the railway line between Utrecht and 's-Hertogenbosch opened in 1868, a station was opened in Schalkwijk, but it is closed nowadays.[5]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1829 1,029 —    
1849 1,134 +10.2%
2004 1,650 +45.5%
Source: [1][6]

Born in Schalkwijk[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Gemeente Op Maat 2004: Houten [1].
  2. ^ J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, "Schalkwijk".
  3. ^ a b c Abraham Jacob van der Aa, "Aardrijkskundig woordenboek der Nederlanden", vol. 10 (S), 1847.
  4. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2006.
  5. ^ http://www.stationsweb.nl/station.asp?station=schalkwijk
  6. ^ W.A.G. Perks, Geschiedenis van de gemeentegrenzen in de provincie Utrecht van 1795 tot 1940 ("History of the municipal boundaries in the province Utrecht from 1795 to 1940"), Provinciale Almanak, 1962