Scharans

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Scharans
Scharans.jpg
Coat of arms of Scharans
Coat of arms
Scharans is located in Switzerland
Scharans
Scharans
Location of Scharans
Karte Gemeinde Scharans 2016.png
Scharans is located in Canton of Graubünden
Scharans
Scharans
Scharans (Canton of Graubünden)
Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°27′E / 46.717°N 9.450°E / 46.717; 9.450Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°27′E / 46.717°N 9.450°E / 46.717; 9.450
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area[1]
 • Total 14.29 km2 (5.52 sq mi)
Elevation 760 m (2,490 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 818
 • Density 57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Postal code 7412
SFOS number 3638
Surrounded by Almens, Fürstenau, Sils im Domleschg, Vaz/Obervaz
Website www.scharans.ch
SFSO statistics

Scharans (Romansh: Scharons) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Scharans is first mentioned in 1200 as agrum Schraunis.[3]

Geography[edit]

Scharans has an area, as of 2006, of 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi). Of this area, 26.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 62% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Domleschg sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Scharans and the hamlets of St. Agata, Stufels, Parnegl and Prin. It is located on a low terrace on the right hand side of the Albula and Hinterrhein rivers.

Demographics[edit]

Scharans has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 818.[2] As of 2008, 5.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.9%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Scharans is; 267 people or 8.7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 155 people or 5.1% are 10 to 14, and 281 people or 9.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 460 people or 15.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 541 people or 17.6% are 30 to 39, 462 people or 15.1% are 40 to 49, and 385 people or 12.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 209 people or 6.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 189 people or 6.2% are 70 to 79, there are 103 people or 3.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 17 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 37.6% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (34.4%), the FDP (15.8%) and the CVP (6.6%).[4]

In Scharans about 74.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Scharans has an unemployment rate of 1.08%. As of 2005, there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 21 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 236 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 23 businesses in this sector.[4]

From the 2000 census, 1,180 or 38.4% are Roman Catholic, while 1,510 or 49.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 76 individuals (or about 2.48% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 60 individuals (or about 1.96% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 19 (or about 0.62% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 11 individuals (or about 0.36% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 135 (or about 4.40% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 78 individuals (or about 2.54% of the population) did not answer the question.[7]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 336
1850 416
1900 439
1950 480
1960 473
2000 817

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (95.7%), with Romansh being second most common ( 2.1%) and Italian being third ( 0.9%).[4]

Languages in Scharans
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 484 82.59% 628 89.46% 782 95.72%
Romanish 69 11.77% 22 3.13% 17 2.08%
Italian 14 2.39% 18 2.56% 7 0.86%
Population 586 100% 702 100% 817 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Haus Bardill (formerly known as Haus Gees) is listed as a Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b Scharans in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 05-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine. 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 05-Oct-2009

External links[edit]