|• Total||14.29 km2 (5.52 sq mi)|
|Elevation||760 m (2,490 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2015)|
|• Density||57/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Almens, Fürstenau, Sils im Domleschg, Vaz/Obervaz|
Scharans is first mentioned in 1200 as agrum Schraunis.
Scharans has an area, as of 2006[update], of 14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi). Of this area, 26.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 62% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.9% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Domleschg sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Scharans and the hamlets of St. Agata, Stufels, Parnegl and Prin. It is located on a low terrace on the right hand side of the Albula and Hinterrhein rivers.
Scharans has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 820. As of 2008[update], 5.1% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 14.9%.
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 49.1% male and 50.9% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Scharans is; 267 people or 8.7% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 155 people or 5.1% are 10 to 14, and 281 people or 9.2% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 460 people or 15.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 541 people or 17.6% are 30 to 39, 462 people or 15.1% are 40 to 49, and 385 people or 12.5% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 209 people or 6.8% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 189 people or 6.2% are 70 to 79, there are 103 people or 3.4% who are 80 to 89, and there are 17 people or 0.6% who are 90 to 99.
Scharans has an unemployment rate of 1.08%. As of 2005[update], there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 15 businesses involved in this sector. 21 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 6 businesses in this sector. 236 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 23 businesses in this sector.
From the 2000 census[update], 1,180 or 38.4% are Roman Catholic, while 1,510 or 49.2% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there are less than 5 individuals who belong to the Christian Catholic faith, there are 76 individuals (or about 2.48% of the population) who belong to the Orthodox Church, and there are 60 individuals (or about 1.96% of the population) who belong to another Christian church. There are 19 (or about 0.62% of the population) who are Islamic. There are 11 individuals (or about 0.36% of the population) who belong to another church (not listed on the census), 135 (or about 4.40% of the population) belong to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 78 individuals (or about 2.54% of the population) did not answer the question.
The historical population is given in the following table:
|Languages in Scharans|
|Languages||Census 1980||Census 1990||Census 2000|
Heritage sites of national significance
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
- Scharans in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 05-Oct-2009
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
- Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 05-Oct-2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scharans.|