Schenley Farms Historic District
Schenley Farms Historic District
|Location||Roughly bounded by Andover Terrace, Centre, Bellefield, and Parkman Avenues, Dithridge, Thackeray, Forbes and Mawhinney, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA|
|Area||170 acres (0.69 km2)|
|NRHP reference No.||83002213|
|Added to NRHP||July 22, 1983|
|Designated CPHD||Shenley Farms May 1982 and Oakland Civic Center, April 7, 1992|
The Schenley Farms Historic District, also referred to as the Schenley Farms–Oakland Civic District, is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places that is located in the Oakland section of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
It comprises two separately designated City of Pittsburgh historic districts: the Oakland Civic Center Historic District consisting of publicly and privately owned institutional buildings, and the adjacent Schenley Farms Historic District consisting mainly of a planned residential development of the early 20th Century. The Schenley Farms Historic District is roughly bounded by Forbes Avenue including the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh on the south; South Dithridge and North Bellefield on the east, extending to include St. Paul's Cathedral and Rectory on Fifth Avenue and North Craig Street; Bigelow Boulevard, Andover Road, and Bryn Mawr Road on the northwest; and Thackeray Street through to Fifth Avenue on the southwest.
Noted for its late 19th And 20th Century Revivals architecture, it is home to a large portion of the campus of the University of Pittsburgh. The district comprises 154 contributing buildings, 31 of which are cultural or institutional buildings and 123 of which are residences in the northwest portion of the district. The historic district is a noted example of community planning and development following the City Beautiful movement that guided city planning and urban design in the United States from the mid-1890s through the first decade of the 20th century. The City Beautiful movement favored boulevards, parks, and formal civic buildings in the beaux-arts style.
In 1905, Franklin Nicola put forth a development plan in the City Beautiful style for Oakland, which included civic, social, residential, and educational zones along Bigelow Boulevard which ran through the heart of the neighborhood. The proposal centered on a series of monumental buildings created in styles evoking ancient Greece and the Italian Renaissance. Although Nicola's plan was not fully implemented, including a never-constructed Oakland town hall, it produced such landmarks as the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall, the Masonic Temple (now the University of Pittsburgh's Alumni Hall), and the Pittsburgh Athletic Association.
Other major landmark buildings were added to the historic district after the pursuit of Nicola's designs had ended, including the landmark Cathedral of Learning and Heinz Memorial Chapel of the University of Pittsburgh and Mellon Institute. Contributing buildings in the historic district date from 1880 to 1979. A contributing building, the University Place Office Building, was razed in 2011.
Historic district sites
The former Masonic Temple, now Pitt's Alumni Hall
The former Y.M.H.A., is now Pitt's Bellefield Hall
The University Club, now a building on Pitt's campus
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, part of the Carnegie Institute complex
The former Schenley High School which closed in 2008.
Pittsburgh Public School's Board of Education building
- Aurand, Martin (2006). The Spectator and the Topographical City. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 0-8229-4288-7.
- Bails, Jennifer (Spring 2008). "Schenley Farms: This Grand Old Neighborhood Began as a Model Urban Suburb". Shady Ave. Pittsburgh: Shady Ave Media. 12 (2): 38–44. Retrieved 2008-03-01.
- "Schenley Farms City Designated Historic District" (PDF). City of Pittsburgh Historic Review Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-08. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- "Oakland Civic Center City Designated Historic District" (PDF). City of Pittsburgh Historic Review Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-08. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- "Internet Archive: Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation: PHLF Plaques & Registries". 2007-01-27. Archived from the original on 2007-01-27. Retrieved 2009-07-10.
- NRIS Database Archived 2008-04-07 at the Wayback Machine, National Register of Historic Places, retrieved March 11, 2008.
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form: Schenley Farms Historic District" (PDF). 1980 . Archived from the original (PDF) on April 9, 2008. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
- Mike Sajna, Hearing set on historic landmark nomination for two Pitt buildings, University Times, 1997-01-23, accessdate=2008-08-12 Archived 2009-06-28 at the Wayback Machine
- These numbers reflect a reduction of one institution building with the 2011 razing of the University Place Office Building at 121 University Place.
- Hart, Peter; Barlow, Kimberly K. (2011-09-01). "What's New: Places". University Times. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
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