Polder in Schermer
Location in North Holland
|• Total||64.39 km2 (24.86 sq mi)|
|• Land||61.39 km2 (23.70 sq mi)|
|• Water||3.00 km2 (1.16 sq mi)|
|Elevation||−3 m (−10 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||90/km2 (200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Schermer pronunciation (help·info) (West Frisian: Skirmare) is a former municipality in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. The name came from "skir mere", which means "bright lake" (ref. Groenedijk, 2000). Since 2015 it has been a part of Alkmaar.
Around 800 AD, the area that was the municipality of Schermer was covered in peat, and a small river called the Schermer flowed through it. Because of peat-digging by man, and storm floods, this small river had by 1250 developed into an inland lake with an open connection with the Zuyderzee. In the 17th century private investors started draining the largest part of the lake, leaving the southern part, the Alkmaardermeer, intact. In 1635, 47.7 km2 (18.4 sq mi) of polder was drained, whereupon the land was divided among the shareholders.
The municipality of Schermer consisted of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Driehuizen, Grootschermer, Oterleek, Schermerhorn, Stompetoren, Zuidschermer. The latter two are located in the Schermer polder.
Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Schermer, 2013.
The municipal council of Schermer consisted of eleven seats, which were divided as follows:
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 1841GB". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.