The schilbid catfishes (Schilbeidae) are a family of catfishes native to Africa and southern Asia. These fish tend to swim in open water. The family includes about 66 species.
Schilbid catfishes usually have dorsal fins with a short base and a spine, but Ailia and Parailia lack a dorsal fin altogether. Most species also possess an adipose fin. The base of the anal fin is very long. There are usually four pairs of barbels. Several species lack anal fins.
The family name is sometimes spelled Schilbidae in scientific literature.