From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Schizachyrium tenerum.jpg
Schizachyrium tenerum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Supertribe: Andropogonodae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Genus: Schizachyrium
Type species
Schizachyrium brevifolium
(Sw.) Nees ex Buse.
  • Andropogon sect. Schizachyrium (Nees) Benth.
  • Andropogon subgen. Schizachyrium (Nees) Hack.
  • Schizopogon Rchb. ex Spreng.
  • Apogonia E.Fourn.
  • Ystia Compère

Schizachyrium is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.[4] The name is derived from the Ancient Greek words σχίζειν (schizein), meaning "to split," and ἄχυρον (achyron), meaning "chaff." It refers to either the glume or the toothed lemmas.[5][6][7]

In the United States, members of the genus are commonly known as bluestems.[8]


Species in the genus include:[2][9]

Some species formerly included in Schizachyrum are now considered better suited to other genera: Andropogon, Dichanthium, Rottboellia, Sehima, Sphaerocaryum.[2]


  1. ^ "Schizachyrium". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ a b c "Schizachyrium". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 
  3. ^ "Schizachyrium". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. 
  4. ^ von Esenbeck, Nees; Daniel, Christian Gottfried (1829). "Flora Brasiliensis seu Enumeratio Plantarum" (in Latin). 2 (1): 331–339. 
  5. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. Volume III P-Z. CRC Press. p. 1977. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5. 
  6. ^ Chen, Shou-liang; Phillips, Sylvia M. "Schizachyrium". Flora of China. 22 – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  7. ^ Cope, Thomas A. "Schizachyrium". Flora of Pakistan – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 
  8. ^ "Schizachyrium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  9. ^ "Schizachyrium". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Schizachyrium at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Schizachyrium at Wikispecies