Schizostachyum glaucifolium

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Schizostachyum glaucifolium
Poaceae - Schizostachyum glaucifolium.jpg
Schizostachyum glaucifolium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Schizostachyum
Species: S. glaucifolium
Binomial name
Schizostachyum glaucifolium
(Rupr.) Munro[1]
Synonyms

Bambusa glaucifolia Rupr.[2]

Schizostachyum glaucifolium, common name Polynesian ʻohe,[3] is a species of bamboo.[1]

Distribution[edit]

This species is native to the South-Central Pacific, from French Polynesia to the Marquesas Islands and Society Islands in Tahiti, as well as the Southwestern Pacific in American Samoa and Fiji.

It is cultivated in the United States,[1] and grows in the wild in Hawaii.[3]

Habitat[edit]

This species prefers tropical or subtropical climates. [4] It can be found mainly along the banks of rivers and streams and on hillsides, at an elevation of 0–900 metres (0–2,953 ft) above sea level. [5]

Description[edit]

Schizostachyum glaucifolium can reach a typical height of 15 metres (49 ft) and a culm diameter of 8 centimetres (3.1 in). This evergreen clump-forming bamboo shows thin walls, long internodes and yellow woody culms with green stripes. [4][5]

Human culture[edit]

These bamboos have been introduced in French Polynesia by ancient Polynesians for its many uses (baskets, mats, musical instruments, small containers, fishing rods, etc.). [5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c John H. Wiersema. "Schizostachyum glaucifolium information from NPGS/GRIN". Ars-grin.gov. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  2. ^ John H. Wiersema. "Bambusa glaucifolia information from NPGS/GRIN". Ars-grin.gov. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  3. ^ a b "PLANTS Profile for Schizostachyum glaucifolium (Polynesian 'ohe) | USDA PLANTS". Plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 2011-08-30. 
  4. ^ a b Bambooland
  5. ^ a b c Useful tropical plants

Further reading[edit]

  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Ohrnberger, D. 1999. The bamboos of the world.
  • Parham, J. W. 1972. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed.
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.