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Schizothymia is a temperament related to schizophrenia in a way analogous to cyclothymia's relationship with bipolar disorder. A schizothymic individual displays a flat affect and a high degree of introversion, withdrawing from social relations generally; nevertheless, some individuals with this characteristic may be able to achieve relatively affable social relations and a measure of affectivity in some situations. As a kind of temperament, schizothymic personality traits are thought to be more or less innate rather than the result of socialization (or a lack thereof).

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  • Eysenck HJ (December 1950). "Cyclothymia and schizothymia as a dimension of personality. I. Historical review". Journal of Personality. 19 (2): 123–52. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.1950.tb01092.x. PMID 14814596. 
  • Häfner H (1988). "What is schizophrenia? Changing perspectives in epidemiology". European Archives of Psychiatry and Neurological Sciences. 238 (2): 63–72. PMID 3061822.