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Schloss (German pronunciation: [ˈʃlɔs]; pl. Schlösser), formerly written Schloß, is the German term for a building similar to a château, palace, or manor house; or what in the United Kingdom would be known as a stately home or country house.
Similarly, in the Scandinavian languages, related Germanic languages, the cognate word slot/slott is normally used for what in English could be either a palace or a castle (instead of words in rarer use such as palats/palæ or kastell or borg). In Dutch the word "slot" is considered to be more archaic. Nowadays one commonly uses "paleis" or "kasteel".
Most Schlösser were built after the Middle Ages as residences for the nobility and not as true fortresses, although they were often originally fortified; the usual German term for a true castle is Burg and for a fortress is Festung; however, many castles were called "Schloss", especially those that were used as residences after they lost their defensive significance and many were adapted to new tastes during the Renaissance and Baroque period.
Like a castle, a Schloss is often surrounded by a moat and is then called a Wasserschloss (water castle). Other types include the Stadtschloss (city palace), the Jagdschloss (hunting lodge) and the Lustschloss (pleasure palace or summer residence).
Examples of Schlösser
- Schloss Belvedere, in Vienna
- Stadtschloss Berlin
- Schloss Esterhazy, in Eisenstadt
- Schloss Hellbrunn, in Salzburg
- Schloss Ludwigsburg
- Schloss Ludwigslust
- Schloss Mirabell, in Salzburg
- Schloss Moritzburg
- Schloss Pillnitz
- Stadtschloss Potsdam
- Schloss Rastatt
- Schloss Sanssouci
- Schloss Schönbrunn, in Vienna
- Schloss Schwetzingen
- Schloss Babelsberg
- Schloss Callenberg
- Schloss Drachenburg
- Schloss Granitz
- Schloss Marienburg
- Orangerieschloss Potsdam
- Schloss Schwerin
- Schloss Stolzenfels
In another context Schloss is also the German word for a lock.
|Look up Schloss in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Media related to Schloss at Wikimedia Commons