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Schloss (German pronunciation: [ˈʃlɔs]; pl. Schlösser), formerly written Schloß, is the German term for a building similar to a château, palace, or manor house; or what in the United Kingdom would be known as a stately home or country house.
Similarly, in the Scandinavian languages, related Germanic languages, the cognate word slot/slott is normally used for what in English could be either a palace or a castle (instead of words in rarer use such as palats/palæ or kastell or borg). In Dutch the word "slot" is considered to be more archaic. Nowadays one commonly uses "paleis" or "kasteel".
Most Schlösser were built after the Middle Ages as residences for the nobility and not as true fortresses, although they were often originally fortified; the usual German term for a true castle is Burg and for a fortress is Festung, or - slightly more archaic - "Veste"; however, many castles were called "Schloss", especially those that were used as residences after they lost their defensive significance and many were adapted to new tastes during the Renaissance and Baroque period.
Like a castle, a Schloss is often surrounded by a moat and is then called a Wasserschloss (water castle). Other types include the Stadtschloss (city palace), the Jagdschloss (hunting lodge) and the Lustschloss (pleasure palace or summer residence).
Examples of Schlösser
- Schloss Albrechtsburg, Germany's "oldest schloss" in Meißen
- Schloss Allner
- Schloss Blutenburg in Munich, a "castle" in English, but a "Schloss" in German.
- Schloss Glücksburg
- Schloss Güstrow
- Schloss Johannisburg
- Schloss Mespelbrunn
- Schloss Neuburg
- Schloss Weilburg
- Schloss Belvedere, in Vienna
- Schloss Esterhazy, in Eisenstadt
- Schloss Hellbrunn, in Salzburg
- Schloss Ludwigsburg
- Schloss Ludwigslust
- Schloss Mirabell, in Salzburg
- Schloss Moritzburg
- Schloss Nymphenburg in Munich
- Schloss Pillnitz
- Stadtschloss Potsdam
- Schloss Rastatt
- Schloss Sanssouci
- Schloss Schleißheim in Oberschleißheim, a northern suburb of Munich
- Schloss Schönbrunn, in Vienna
- Schloss Schwetzingen
- Schloss Weilburg
- Schloss Babelsberg
- Schloss Callenberg
- Schloss Drachenburg
- Schloss Granitz
- Schloss Marienburg
- Orangerieschloss Potsdam
- Schloss Schwerin
- Schloss Stolzenfels
- Burg Hohenzollern, a "castle" both in English and German, when really a fully flung "Schloss".
- Schloss Ringberg in Kreuth, Bavaria
- Cross overs
(Relating to places in use for long periods of times, having been extended and / or having had renovations in different styles – of their respective eras – and therefore displaying at least two and often more of these)
In another context Schloss is also the German word for a lock.
- "Das Oldenburger Schloss". oldenburg-tourist.de (in German). Retrieved 28 August 2015.
|Look up Schloss in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Media related to Schloss at Wikimedia Commons