Piers on the Nemunas River in Smalininkai
|Ethnographic region||Lithuania Minor|
|Municipality||Jurbarkas district municipality|
|Capital of||Smalininkai eldership|
|First mentioned||15th century|
|Granted city rights||1945|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
Smalininkai ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a small city in Lithuania. It is situated in the former samogitian part of Memelland on the right-hand shore of the Neman River, 12 km (7.5 mi) west from Jurbarkas. It was part of German East Prussia and was called Schmalleningken. Between 1923 - 1939 and since the World War II it is part of Lithuania.
The name describes a place of tar and pitch burners ("smala": tar, pitch; -ingken: village).
Since 1422 (Treaty of Melno) Schmalleningken was a border-village at the Lithuanian-German customs frontier. 1792 it was appointed to a market town. 1845 the village became a parish and 1878 a church was built. 1902 a light railway was built from Pogegen to Schmalleningken. The village had in 1925 1,741 inhabitants and was incorporated into the Landkreis Tilsit-Ragnit in 1939.
- Kurschat, Heinrich A.: Das Buch vom Memelland, Siebert Oldenburg 1968
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