|Former municipality of Switzerland|
|• Total||2.99 km2 (1.15 sq mi)|
|Elevation||720 m (2,360 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2011)|
|• Density||41/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Falera, Ilanz, Ladir, Rueun, Ruschein, Siat|
Schnaus is a former municipality in the district of Surselva in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2014 the former municipalities of Schnaus, Castrisch, Ilanz, Ladir, Luven, Pitasch, Riein, Ruschein, Sevgein, Duvin, Pigniu, Rueun and Siat merged into the new municipality of Ilanz/Glion.
Schnaus is first mentioned about 840 as Scanaues.
Before the merger, Schnaus had a total area of 3.0 km2 (1.2 sq mi). Of this area, 58.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 30.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (8.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The former municipality is located in the Ilanz sub-district of the Surselva district. It consists of the village of Schnaus above the Vorderrhein and the exclave of Alp da Schnaus eastward above the Val da Siat.
Schnaus had a population (as of 2011) of 123. As of 2008[update], 17.6% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 43%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks Romansh(45.5%), with German being second most common (40.4%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (11.1%).
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 57.9% male and 42.1% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Schnaus is; 17 children or 17.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 14 teenagers or 14.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 4 people or 4.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 21.2% are between 30 and 39, 14 people or 14.1% are between 40 and 49, and 11 people or 11.1% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 9 people or 9.1% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 8 people or 8.1% are between 70 and 79, there is 1 person who is between 80 and 89.
Schnaus has an unemployment rate of 4.89%. As of 2005[update], there were 12 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 10 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3 businesses in this sector.
- Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 13 December 2014
- Schnaus in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 23 January 2014
- Graubunden Population Statistics (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
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