Schnellkampfgeschwader 10

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Schnellkampfgeschwader 10
Fw190A-4 SKG10 El Aouiana May1943.jpg
A damaged Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-4 (KM+EY) of III./SKG 10 at El Aouina airport, Tunis, Tunisia, May 1943
Active 1942–1943
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Luftwaffe
Type Bomber wing
Role Tactical
Size Air Force Wing
Disbanded World War II
Insignia
Identification
symbol
Geschwaderkennung of
G3

Schnellkampfgeschwader 10 (SKG 10) was a Luftwaffe fast bomber wing of the Second World War. The unit was initially created with three Gruppen (groups) in December 1942 at Saint-André-de-l'Eure Airport and augmented by a fourth group on 10 April 1943.

The Stab (headquarters unit) was transferred on 18 October 1943 and formed the core of Schlachtgeschwader 10.

10.(Jabo)/JG 2 and 10.(Jabo)/JG 26 were amalgamated into Schnellkampfgeschwader 10 which initially flew night bombing operations over southern England, operating under the authority of Angriffsführer England under the command of Dietrich Peltz.

The unit suffered heavy casualties from the RAF night fighters. On the night of 16/17 April 1943, four Fw 190s attempting to attack London got lost over Kent. Three of them tried to land at RAF West Malling: Yellow H of 7./SKG 10, flown by Feldwebel Otto Bechtold landed and was captured, his Fw 190 later being evaluated by the RAE at Farnborough; a Fw 190 of 5./SKG 10 flown by Lt. Fritz Sezter landed minutes later. When Setzer realised his mistake and attempted to take off, his aircraft then being destroyed by an armoured car. A third Fw 190 undershot the runway and was destroyed, the injured pilot becoming a POW. A fourth Fw 190 crashed at Staplehurst, killing the pilot.

The II. and III. Gruppe were transferred to Schlachtgeschwader 4 in October 1943, IV. Gruppe was posted to Schlachtgeschwader 10. In December 1942 III./ZG 2 was redesignated III./SKG 10.

The unit was transferred to Italy in July 1943, operating against Allied shipping between Sicily and North Africa, but with occasional audacious raids on Allied airfields.

The I. Gruppe remained in France under the control of II. Fliegerkorps. Due to the lack of regular night fighters in France, it was decided in April 1944 to employ I./SKG 10 on Wilde Sau missions over North Western France and Belgium during full-moon periods. I. Gruppe was put under the control IX. Fliegerkorps in 1944 and operated against the Allied troops during the Normandy Invasion in June 1944. Two FW 190 pilots of I./SKG 10 were over the landings at dawn on a reconnaissance mission, and claimed four Avro Lancasters shot down.

The I. Gruppe was transferred to Kampfgeschwader 51 where it operated as its III. Gruppe and was officially redesignated as such on 20 October 1944.

Geschwaderkommodore[edit]

Gruppenkommandeure[edit]

I./SKG 10[edit]

  • Hauptmann Wilhelm Schürmann, ? – 13 May 1943
  • Hauptmann Heinrich Brücker, 13 May 1943 – 5 June 1943
  • Hauptmann Edmund Kraus, 5 June 1943 – 30 July 1943
  • Hauptmann Wolrad Gerlach, 30 July 1943 – 1 October 1943
  • Hauptmann Kurt Dahlmann, 1 October 1943 – 20 October 1944

II./SKG 10[edit]

  • Hauptmann Heinz Schumann, ? – 10 April 1943
  • Major Helmut Viedebantt, 17 May 1943 – July 1943
  • Hauptmann Hanns-Jobst Hauenschild, August 1943 – 18 October 1943

III./SKG 10[edit]

  • Hauptmann Hans-Jobst Hauenschild, December 1942 – February 1943
  • Hauptmann Fritz Schröter, February 1943 – 18 October 1943

IV./SKG 10[edit]

  • Hauptmann Götz Baumann, 10 April 1943 – 13 May 1943
  • Major Heinz Schumann, 13 May 1943 – 16 July 1943
  • Hauptmann Götz Baumann, July 1943 – October 1943

Staffelkapitäne[edit]

Ergänzungsstaffel/SKG 10[edit]

  • Hauptmann Lothar Krutein, 20 April 1943 – September 1943

External links[edit]