School of Armour (South Africa)

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School of Armour
School of Armour Insignia.jpg
SANDF School of Armour emblem
Country South Africa
Branch South African Army
TypeTraining Regiment
Part ofSouth African Armoured Formation
Garrison/HQTempe, Bloemfontein
Motto(s)Scientia vires est
Colorsunit: blue and orange beret: black
Mascot(s)mother tank of WW1 era
EquipmentOlifant Mk.2 main battle tank
Beret ColourBlack
Armour Squadron emblemsSANDF Armour squadron emblems
Armour beret bar circa 1992SANDF Armour beret bar

The South African School of Armour (Afrikaans: Pantserskool) is the training institute of the South African Armoured Corps located at Tempe, Bloemfontein.



The Artillery and Armour School, at Potchefstroom was established on 1 February 1964, forming two separate schools on the same site.

Tempe, Bloemfontein[edit]

The School of Armour was then subsequently re-sited to Bloemfontein on 1 April 1966, co-locating with the then 2nd Armoured Car Regiment at Tempe.[1]

Operational Wing[edit]

Whilst primarily a Training unit, varying in a number of squadrons and roles, the School of Armour also maintained an operational capability in the form of a Tank Wing.

Border War[edit]

From this Wing, the School deployed a tank Squadron to operations in Angola in late 1987.[2]

The first operational use of Olifant tanks was carried out by the School in South-West Africa (Angola), acting as a defensive option against potential Cuban or Angolan incursions into that territory. The first actual engagement occurred during Operation Modular, with Echo Squadron. Fox Squadron later also became operational as well with Operation Hooper.

SADF Operation Hooper participation bar


The School of Armour trains regular and reserve tank crews, drivers and maintenance instructors for the SANDF, SAAC leader group and conducts research and development.

Previous Dress Insignia[edit]

SADF era School of Armour insignia

Current Dress Insignia[edit]


Tank Variants[edit]

SANDF Olifant Tank Variants

Armoured Car Variants[edit]

Rooikat Armoured Car 105mm

Armour Museum[edit]

The idea of instituting a Museum and Research Library for the South African Armoured Corps [3]started as early as 1994 and was officially approved by the Chief of the SA Army on 12 October 1995. Approval for the use of a historical building located in the lines of the School of Armour, Tempe was granted in April 1995. A number of fund raising projects was launched and donations was raised to manufacture a number of showcases and other items. An appeal to all members of the Armoured Corps and other interested persons resulted in a number of different items being donated to the museum. The museum was officially opened by the Chief of the Army on 13 September 1996 to coincide with the 50th anniversary celebrations of the South African Armoured Corps.

SADF Comet Armour Recovery Vehicle

Adjacent to and part of the museum is the research library, which specialises in the gathering of information, documents, periodicals, books, etc with emphasis on armour warfare and equipment. The library also accumulates information on personnel, vehicles and archive books of the South African Armour Corps in particular. The library is in possession of a vast quantity of books, periodicals, documents, etc for research purposes. This library also responds to requests from around the world concerning equipment and history of the South African Armour Corps.

"Hull-Down" was officially opened on 2 September 1999 by Brig Gen Fido Smit (Honorary Colonel 1 Special Service Battalion) and houses additional equipment and training aids that cannot be housed in the museum building due to limited space.

Armour Museum Lesakeng

Within the lines of the School of Armour and 1 South African Tank Regiment, some sixty plus armoured, tracked and wheeled vehicles are displayed. Other equipment such as guns, radar, mine rollers and ploughs are also displayed.

"Lesakeng" (the Corral for old Horses) houses numerous armoured, tracked and wheeled and other vehicles, mainly runners.


  1. ^ "SA Armour Museum - Dates". Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  2. ^ Engelbrecht, Leon. "Fact file: The SA Armoured Corps | defenceWeb". Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  3. ^ "SA Armour Museum - Home". Archived from the original on 23 June 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2017.