Schuttberg

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Olympiaberg in Olympiapark, Munich
View from top of Birkenkopf in Stuttgart
The Volkspark Prenzlauer Berg (Oderbruchkippe) in Berlin

Schuttberg (English: debris hill) is a German term for a mound made of rubble or out of a rubbish heap.

Many were amassed following the extensive damage from strategic bombing during World War II. These types are more specifically termed Trümmerberg (rubble mountain) and are known colloquially by various namesakes such as Mont Klamott (Mount Rag), Monte Scherbelino (Mount Shard), and Scherbelberg (Shard Mountain). Most major cities in Germany have at least one Schuttberg.

Known Schuttberge[edit]

Schuttberge in major German cities
City Trümmerberg Elevation (above sea level) Height (relative) Volume
Berlin Teufelsberg 114.7 meters (376 ft) 55 meters (180 ft) 12 million m3 (420 million cu ft)
Berlin Oderbruchkippe (Volkspark Prenzlauer Berg) 91 meters (299 ft) 3 million m3 (110 million cu ft)
Berlin Dörferblick 86 meters (282 ft)
Berlin Humboldthöhe 85 meters (279 ft)
Berlin Großer and Kleiner Bunkerberg (Volkspark Friedrichshain) 78 meters (256 ft) 40 meters (130 ft) 2.5 million m3 (88 million cu ft)
Berlin Insulaner 75 meters (246 ft)
Berlin Tempelhofer Marienhöhe 73 meters (240 ft) 0.19 million m3 (6.7 million cu ft)
Berlin Rixdorfer Höhe 68 meters (223 ft)
Cologne Herkulesberg 72.2 meters (237 ft) approx. 25 meters (82 ft)
Dresden Trümmerberg in Ostragehege
Frankfurt am Main Monte Scherbelino 172.5 meters (566 ft) approx. 47 meters (154 ft) 10 to 12 million m3 (350 to 420 million cu ft)
Hannover Monte Müllo 122 meters (400 ft) approx. 65 meters (213 ft)
Leipzig Fockeberg 153 meters (502 ft) approx. 40 meters (130 ft)
Mönchengladbach Rheydter Höhe 133 meters (436 ft) 64 meters (210 ft)
Munich Olympiaberg 567 meters (1,860 ft) 50 meters (160 ft)
Munich Luitpoldhügel 540 meters (1,770 ft) 37 meters (121 ft)
Munich Neuhofener Berg 2.5 million m3 (88 million cu ft)[1]
Nuremberg Silberbuck 356 meters (1,168 ft) 38 meters (125 ft) 5.53 million m3 (195 million cu ft) (approx. 0.66 million m3 (23 million cu ft) below the water level of Silbersee)[2]
Pforzheim Wallberg 418 meters (1,371 ft) 40 meters (130 ft) 1.65 million m3 (58 million cu ft)
Stuttgart Birkenkopf 511 meters (1,677 ft) 40 meters (130 ft) 15 million m3 (530 million cu ft)
Stuttgart Grüner Heiner 395 meters (1,296 ft) 70 meters (230 ft)

Berlin[edit]

The amount of debris in Berlin is about 15 percent of the total rubble in the whole of Germany.[3]

Frankfurt am Main[edit]

To remove and recycle the rubble the city authorities in the autumn of 1945 created the non-profit Trümmerverwertungsgesellschaft which was tasked with removing the rubble and recycling it. Initially the removed rubble was piled up on a rubble mountain called Monte Scherbelino, before the material was recycled and processed to such an extent that by 1964 the pile of rubble had completely disappeared.

Nuremberg[edit]

Silberbuck is in the Dutzendteich recreation area and former Reichsparteitagsgelände. The Silbersee is at the base of the disposal. The lake is contaminated with various toxic substances. Although swimming in the water is prohibited, about 50 people have lost their lives in the water since the end of World War II.[citation needed]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ kleingartenverein-sw25-muenchen.de Archived 2007-10-08 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Einleitung: Silbersee und Silberbuck im Südosten von Nürnberg - eine gefährliche Sondermülldeponie im Grundwasserbereich
  3. ^ Keiderling, Gerhard. "Berlin ist endlich trümmerfrei" [Berlin is finally free of rubble]. Berlinische Monatsschrift (in German) – via berlin-geschichte.de.