Schuyler family

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Schuyler
Current region United States
Etymology Possibly derived from Scheulder (nl), a hamlet near Valkenburg aan de Geul, Netherlands[1]
Place of origin Netherlands
Connected families Bayard family
Livingston family
Van Cortlandt family
Van Rensselaer family
Roosevelt Family
Estate(s) Schuyler Mansion
Schuyler House
The Grove

The Schuyler family was a prominent Dutch family in New York and New Jersey in the 18th and 19th centuries, whose descendants played a critical role in the formation of the United States (especially New York City and northern New Jersey), in leading government and business in North America and served as leaders in business, military, politics, and society in the United Kingdom (including the Gage family, the Kennedy family, the Bertie family, and the Fitzroy family, among others).[2][3][4][5]

History[edit]

By 1650, Philip Pieterse Schuyler had emigrated to New Netherland, settling in Beverwyck. His brother, David Pieterse Schuyler, also emigrated from Holland.

The Schuyler family ancestry and ties were factors in several major American families, including the Livingston family, the Oyster Bay branch of the Roosevelt family, the Bayard family, the Bush family and the Kean family, among others.

Family tree[edit]

  • Pieter Tjercks (patronymic, not a family name)[5] (ca. 1601–1656) ∞ Geertruyt Philips van Schuylder (1603–1651)
    • Philip Pieterse Schuyler[5] (1628–1683) ∞ Margarita Van Slichtenhorst (1627–1710)
      • Geertruy Schuyler (b. 1654) ∞ Stephanus van Cortlandt (1643–1700)
      • Alida Schuyler (b. 1656) ∞ in 1675 (1) Nicholas van Rensselaer (1636–1678), his death; ∞ in 1679 (2) Robert Livingston the Elder (1654–1728)
      • Pieter Schuyler (1657–1724), first mayor of Albany ∞ (1) Engeltie Van Schaick (died 1689), ∞ (2) Maria Van Rensselaer, the daughter of Jeremias Van Rensselaer
        • Margarita Schuyler (b. 1682) ∞ Robert Livingston (1663–1725), nephew of Robert Livingston the Elder
          • Angelica Livingston (b. 1698) ∞ Johannes van Rensselaer (1708–1793), son of Hendrick van Rensselaer
            • Jeremiah van Rensselaer (1738–1810) ∞ (1) Judith Bayard (1740–1817), great-granddaughter of Nicholas Bayard; ∞ (2) Helena Lansing (1743–1795)
              • Johannes Jeremiah Van Rensselaer (1762–1828) ∞ Catharina Glen (1765–1807)
            • Robert Van Rensselaer (1740–1802) ∞ Cornelia Rutsen (1747–1790)
            • Hendrick I. van Rensselaer (1742–1813)
            • James van Rensselaer (1747–1827)
        • Gertruj Schuyler (b. 1694) ∞ Johannes Lansing
        • Col. Phillipus Schuyler (b. 1696) ∞ Margarita Schuyler
        • Pieter Schuyler (b. 1698), a twin of Jeremiah ∞ Catherine Groesbeck.
          • Pieter P. Schuyler (1723–1753) ∞ Geertruy "Gertrude" Schuyler (1724–1813), his cousin
            • Cornelia Schuyler (1746–1822) ∞ Walter Livingston (1740–1797)
            • Pieter P. Schuyler, Jr. (1748–1792) ∞ Geertruy "Gertrude" Lansing (b. 1748/9)
          • Stephen Schuyler (1732–1798) ∞ Engeltje Van Vechten (1732–1792)
            • John Schuyler (1768–1843) ∞ Anna Cuyler ∞ Maria Miller (1784–1832)
          • Philip P. Schuyler (1736–1808) ∞ Anna Wendell (1743–1802)
        • Jeremias Schuyler (1698–1753), a twin of Pieter ∞ Susanna Bayeux
      • Brandt Schuyler (1659–1752) ∞ Cornelia Van Cortlandt (1659–1722)
      • Arent Schuyler (1662–1730) ∞ (1) Jannetje Teller, ∞ (2) Swantje Van Duyckhuysen (1679–1720), ∞ (3) Maria Walter
        • Margareta Schuyler (b. 1685)
        • Philip Schuyler (b. 1687) ∞ Hester Kingsland
        • Maria Schuyler (b. 1689), died young
        • Olivia Schuyler
        • Judik Schuyler (b. 1692)
        • Casparus Schuyler (1695–1754) ∞ Mary Schuyler
          • Arent Schuyler ∞ 1748: Jannetje Van Wagenen
        • Wilhemus Schuyler (b. 1700), died young
        • Peter Schuyler (1707–1762) ∞ (1) Hester Walter, ∞ (2) Mary Walter
        • Eva Schuyler (d. 1737) ∞ Peter Bayard
        • Adonijah "Adonis" Schuyler (1708–1763) ∞ Gertrude Van Rensselaer (b. 1714), daughter of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer
        • John Schuyler (1710–1773) ∞ Anne Van Rensselaer (b. 1719), daughter of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer
          • Elsey Schuyler Heminover (1760–1848) ∞ Anthony Heminover (1750/1824), Patriot Soldier From Moravia
          • Mary Schuyler Roosevelt (b.1762) ∞ Johannes Roosevelt (1751/1820), Great uncle to Theodore
        • Cornelia Schuyler (1715–1785) ∞ Pierre Guillaume DePeyster (1707–1785)
      • Philipse "Philip" Schuyler (1666–1724) ∞ (1) Elizabeth De Meyer in 1687 ∞ (2) Catherine Schierph in 1719, widow of Ritsert Brouwer
        • Nicholas Schuyler (1691–1748) ∞ (1) Elsie Wendell (1689–1744) in 1714; (2) Mary Stevenson in 1744.
          • Ariaantie Schuyler (1720–1763) ∞ Kiliaen van Rensselaer (1717–1781)
      • Johannes Schuyler (1668–1747) ∞ Elizabeth Staats (d. 1737) in 1695
        • Philip Johannes Schuyler (d. 1745), killed during the French and Indian raid on Saratoga on November 28, 1745.[6]
        • Johannes Schuyler Jr. (1697–1741) ∞ Cornelia van Cortlandt (1698–1762), (daughter of Stephanus Van Cortlandt his first cousin)
        • "Madame" Margaret Schuyler (b. 1701) ∞ Phillipus Schuyler, her first cousin
        • Catalentie Schuyler (b. 1704) ∞ Mayor Cornelis Cuyler (1697–1765)
          • Johannes Cuyler (1729–1749)
          • Elizabeth Cuyler (1731–1815) ∞ 1752: Jacobus Van Cortlandt (1726–1781) (grandson of Jacobus Van Cortlandt)
          • Philip Cuyler (b. 1733) ∞ 1757: Sarah Tweedy (1739–1825)
          • Hendrick "Henry" Cuyler (1735–1803), royalist ∞ 1767: Catharina Lydius (1743–1818)
          • Elsje "Elsie" Cuyler (1737–1761) ∞ 1760: Augustus Van Cortlandt (1728–1823) (grandson of Jacobus Van Cortlandt)
          • Margarita Cuyler (1738–1802) ∞ 1760: Isaac Low (1735–1791), a royalist
            • Isaac Low, became a field officer in the British army.
            • Helena Low ∞ Dirck Hansen, operator of the Albany-Greenbush ferry
          • Sir Cornelius Cuyler, 1st Baronet (1740–1819) ∞ 1763: Anne Wendell in 1763
          • Abraham Cornelius Cuyler (1742–1810), royalist mayor of Albany, imprisoned in Fishkill, New York ∞ 1764: Janet (Jannetje) Glen
      • Margareta Schuyler (1672–1748) ∞ Jacobus Verplanck (1671–1771)
    • David Pieterse Schuyler (1636–1690) ∞ Catharina Verplanck (1639–1690), both died during the Schenectady massacre of 1690

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Schuyler, George Washington (1885). Colonial New York: Philip Schuyler and His Family. Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 100. There is a hamlet called Schuiler [sic], in the district of Valkenburg and province of Limburg... from which it is possible that the family name may be derived. 
  2. ^ The Heraldric Journal, Volume III. Boston: Wiggin & Lunt. 1867. pp. 148–151. 
  3. ^ Journals of Stephen Kemble. Collections of the New York History Society. 1884. pp. xvii–xviii. 
  4. ^ Bolton, Robert (1881). The History of the Several Towns, Manors, and Patents of the County of Westchester: From Its First Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 2. p. 662. 
  5. ^ a b c Christoph, Florence A. (1992). Schuyler Genealogy: A Compendium of Sources Pertaining to the Schuyler Families in America Prior to 1800. Friends of Schuyler Mansion. The name Schuyler is from the maternal line. [Pieter Tjercks (son of Tjerck)], like most Dutchmen of the time, had no family name. It was unusual but not unique for sons to adopt their mother's name. In the colonial records of the seventeenth century, the name of Schuyler is used irregularly; references to Philip Pieterse [Pieter's son] being as common as those to Philip Schuyler. 
  6. ^ Bielinski, Stefan (April 30, 2005). "Philip J. Schuyler". New York State Museum. Colonial Albany Project (CAP) Biography #1747. Archived from the original on 2017-02-16. 
  7. ^ Cowen, Phoebe Strong (1903). The Herkimers and the Schuylers. Albany, New York. 
  8. ^ Barker, William V. H. (1986). Early Families of Herkimer County, New York. Baltimore, Maryland. 
  9. ^ Calnek, William Arthur (1897). History of the County of Annapolis: Including Old Port Royal and Acadia : with Memoirs of Its Representatives in the Provincial Parliament, and Biographical and Genealogical Sketches of Its Early English Settlers and Their Families. Annapolis: William Briggs. Retrieved 6 September 2016.