Schwa (Ә ә; italics: Ә ә) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It is currently used in Abkhaz, Bashkir, Dungan, Itelmen, Kalmyk, Kazakh, Kurdish and Tatar. It was also used in Azeri, Karakalpak and Turkmen before those languages switched to the Latin alphabet. The Azeri and some other Latin-derived alphabets contain a letter of similar appearance (Ə/ə).
In many Turkic languages such as Azeri, Bashkir, Kazakh and Tatar, as well as the Kalmyk and Khinalug languages, it represents the near-open front unrounded vowel /æ/, like the pronunciation of 〈a〉 in "cat". It is often transliterated as 〈ä〉.
In Dungan, it represents the close-mid back unrounded vowel /ɤ/.
In Kurdish it represents schwa /ə/ or /ε~a/.
In Abkhaz, it represents labialization of the preceding consonant /ʷ/. Digraphs with 〈ә〉 are treated as letters and given separate positions in the Abkhaz alphabet. It is transliterated into Latin as a high ring 〈˚〉.
Related letters and other similar characters
||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SCHWA
||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SCHWA
|Numeric character reference