The Black Elster in Schweinitz.
|Length||179 km (111 mi)|
|Source elevation||317 m (1,040 ft)|
|Basin area||5,541 km2 (2,139 sq mi)|
The Black Elster or Schwarze Elster is a 179-kilometre (111 mi) long river in eastern Germany, in the states Saxony, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt, right tributary of the Elbe. Its source is in the Upper Lusatia region, near Elstra.
The Black Elster flows through the cities Kamenz, Hoyerswerda, Senftenberg, Lauchhammer, Elsterwerda, Bad Liebenwerda, Herzberg and Jessen. It flows into the river Elbe at Elster (Elbe), upstream from Wittenberg.
The river rises in the Lusatian Highlands (Upper Lusatia) about 1.5 kilometres (0.9 mi) south of the village Kindisch in the borough of Elstra on the eastern flank of the 396-metre (1,299 ft) high Kuppe, a subpeak of the Hochstein. From here the Black Elster flows initially in a northerly direction through Elstra, Kamenz, Milstrich and Wittichenau, from Hoyerswerda it flows in a westwards to Elsterheide. Further downstream, after 63 kilometres (39 mi), it crosses the Saxon-Brandenburg border and flows though Senftenberg, Ruhland and Lauchhammer to Elsterwerda. From here it heads in a northwesterly direction through Bad Liebenwerda, Herzberg and Jessen before emptying into the Elbe in the municipality of Elster (Elbe) (river kilometre 198.5).
|Left tributaries||Right tributaries|
- There is also a White Elster river in eastern Germany.
- Saxony at 1911 Britannica Encyclopedia. Accessed on 6 Nov 2010.
- Elbe River Basin by the International Commission for the Protection of the Elbe River. Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.
- Elbe at waterwiki.net. Accessed on 16 Jan 2011.
- Wright, George Newenham (1836). A New and Comprehensive Gazetteer, Volume 3, p. 78.