Dresden Suspension Railway
|Transit type||suspended monorail|
|Number of lines||1|
|System length||274 metres|
The Dresden Suspension Railway (German: Schwebebahn Dresden) is one of the oldest suspension railways – a kind of hanging monorail – in the world, having opened in 1901. It is situated in Dresden, Germany, and connects the districts of Loschwitz and Oberloschwitz (Rochwitz side). The line is 274 metres (899 ft) long and is supported on 33 pillars. It was designed by Eugen Langen, who earlier designed the Wuppertal Suspension Railway, a more extensive suspension railway in Wuppertal.
Despite its unusual suspended format, the Dresden Suspension Railway is operated as a conventional funicular railway. The two cars are attached to each other by a cable, which runs around a drum at the top of the incline. The ascending car is pulled up the hill by the weight of the descending car, assisted if necessary by an electric drive to the drum.
The line has the following technical parameters:
- Length: 274 metres (899 ft)
- Height: 84 metres (276 ft)
- Maximum Steepness: 39.2%
- Cars: 2
- Capacity: 40 passengers per car
- Configuration: Double suspension track (Monorail)
- Maximum speed: 2.5 metres per second (8.2 ft/s)
- Traction: Electricity
The Schwebebahn was not damaged in World War II, but it was out of service from 1984 to 1992 due to reconstruction. In 1990 and 2002, extensive repair works took place and there is now a new lookout point on the roof of the station.
The Schwebebahn is one of two funicular railways in Dresden, the other being the much more conventional Dresden Cable Car. Both lines are operated by the Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG, who also operate the city's tram, bus and ferry networks.
- Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe (Hg.): Bergauf, bergab mit den Dresdner Bergbahnen. Dresden 2005
- Norbert Kuschinski: Die jüngere Schwester. 100 Jahre Schwebebahn in Dresden. in: Straßenbahnmagazin issue 5/2001, pages 68–73
- Hansjörg F. Zureck: Auf dem Balkon von Dresden. Aus der Geschichte der Bergschwebebahn in Dresden-Loschwitz. in: Straßenbahnmagazin issue 26/1977, pages 318-330
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dresden Suspension Railway.|
- Dresden cable cars = suspension railway + funicular railway [fan page] (in German)
- Dresden Suspension Railway page on the Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe website (in German)
- Dresden-Loschwitz Aerial Tram Bridge at Structurae