"City of sunflowers"
|District||Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati|
|• Total||22.75 km2 (8.78 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||92.5%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||2780|
Schweizer-Reneke, sometimes referred to as "Schweizer" is a town of approximately 41,000 people in the North West Province of South Africa. It is the administrative centre of Mamusa Local Municipality. It is commonly referred to as SR and the City of Sunflowers.
Schweizer-Reneke was formerly part of the old Transvaal province. Founded on 1 October 1888, the town is situated on the banks of the Harts River, with six regional roads exiting the town. The town is named after Captain C.A. Schweizer and Field Cornet C.N. Reneke. Both men distinguished themselves and were among the ten soldiers killed while storming the stronghold of the Khoi Koi Koranna Khoe and their chief David Massouw on the nearby Mamusa Hill on 2 December 1885 during an action to put an end to cattle rustling in the area. The remains of the stone fortifications of Chief David Massouw can still be seen on Mamusa Hill.
The principal crops of the region around Schweizer-Reneke are mainly maize, sorghum, groundnuts and sunflower seeds. In addition, cattle and sheep farming is practiced in the region on a relatively large scale on the grasslands where the soil is unsuitable for cultivation. Schweizer-Reneke is rich in diamond deposits. This led to large scale private diamond mining in the area.
According to the 2001 census, the town of Schweizer-Reneke proper has a population of 2,601, while the adjacent township of Ipelegeng has a population of 30,053, giving the urban area a total population of 32,654.
91.5% of the people in the urban area described themselves as "Black African", 5.6% as "White", 2.5% as "Coloured", and 0.4% as "Indian or Asian". 69.8% of the people of the town proper described themselves as "White", whereas 98.4% of the people of Ipelegeng township described themselves as "Black African".
The town has public secondary schools:
- Hoërskool Schweizer Reneke
- Ipelegeng High School
- Itshupeng Secondary School
- Reabetswe Secondary School
It also has public primary schools:
- Laerskool Schweizer Reneke
- Kolong Primary School
- Ikgomotseng Primary School
- Kgatontle Primary School
- Tshwaraganelo Primary School
- Mamusa Primary School
- Charon Primary School
- Roshunville Primary School
- Wynand Claassen, former Springbok rugby captain was born here.
- Ahmed Kathrada a South African politician
- Elisabeth Eybers – Poet
- Irma Stern – Artist
- Essop Pahad, politician
- Kenny Morolong, politician
- ML van der Bloem
Schweizer Reneke is home to a soccer club "Mamusa United FC" that plays in the provincial football league.
- "Main Place Schweizer-Reneke". Census 2011.
- Municipal Demarcation Board : Municipal Profiles 2003 : Contact Information for Mamusa Local Municipality Retrieved 15 April 2010
- "Main Place Schweizer-Reneke". Census 2001. Retrieved 2 February 2012.
- "Main Place Ipelegeng". Census 2001. Retrieved 2 February 2012.