Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013
|Full title||To establish a position of Science Laureate of the United States.|
|Introduced in||113th United States Congress|
|Introduced on||May 8, 2013|
|Sponsored by||Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D, CA-19)|
|Number of co-sponsors||16|
|Effects and codifications|
|U.S.C. section(s) affected||5 U.S.C. § 5703|
|Agencies affected||United States Congress, Executive Office of the President|
The Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013 (H.R. 1891) is a bill that would create the position of Science Laureate of the United States, meant to be similar to the United States Poet Laureate. The Science Laureate would spend their term traveling around the country promoting science and research to students and the general public. The bill was introduced into the United States House of Representatives during the 113th United States Congress.
Provisions of the bill
The Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013 would establish the position of Science Laureate of the United States. The bill would require the President of the United States to appoint a Science Laureate on the basis of: (1) merit, particularly the ability of such individual to foster and enhance public awareness and interest in science and to provide ongoing significant scientific contributions; and (2) recommendations received by the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) based on those factors. The bill would also encourage each Science Laureate to continue his or her scientific work and directs the NAS to facilitate such Science Laureate's duties. Finally, the bill would require each Science Laureate to serve a term of one or two years.
The Science Laureates of the United States Act of 2013 was introduced by Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D, CA-19) on May 8, 2013. It was referred to the United States House Committee on Science, Space and Technology and the United States House Science Subcommittee on Research and Technology. House Majority Leader Eric Cantor placed H.R. 1891 on the House calendar for the week of September 9, 2013.
Debate and discussion
Supporters of the bill argued that it would bring important attention to the importance of science and the benefits of scientific research, hopefully inspiring more Americans to pursue scientific careers.
One commentator, on learning of the proposed position of "Science Laureate of the United States," immediately nominated Neil deGrasse Tyson for the position, listing several humorous and serious qualifications. Neil deGrasse Tyson was also mentioned on a Wired magazine list of potential nominees alongside Brian Greene, Jill Tarter, Mike Brown, and Sylvia Earle.
Several concerns about the effectiveness of the bill were raised. First, objections were made to the fact that the position lacked a salary, with one commentator pointing out that this would make things very difficult on the scientist who was simultaneously supposed to continue performing their own research (and finding grants for it) and fulfill the role of Science Laureate. A second objection was raised to the decision to make the National Academy of Sciences as the group selecting the official list of candidates since, while they would be well placed to choose an excellent scientist, they might not do a good job of choosing an excellent communicator. A third objection was the possibility for the position to become heavily politicized.
Another source speculated on what considerations should be used to choose a Science Laureate. These included avoiding unrelated controversy, diversity (to better represent a diverse American public), active research, diversity (in research fields, from one laureate to the next), and finding someone willing to do it, despite the position being unpaid.
- Marlow, Jeffrey (May 9, 2013). "The Science Laureate of the United States". Wired Magazine. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- "H.R. 1891 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- "H.R. 1891 – All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- "H.R. 1891 – Committees". United States Congress. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- "Leader's Weekly Schedule – Week of September 9, 2013" (PDF). Majority Leader's Office. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- S., Beth (May 24, 2013). "Congress Roots for STEM, Proposes Science Laureate Position". Pocket Full of Liberty. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
- raatz (May 8, 2013). "I nominated Neil deGrasse Tyson as U.S. Science Laureate". The Daily Kos. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- Shipman, Matt (May 22, 2013). "Picking a National Champion for Science". SciLogs. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Library of Congress – Thomas H.R. 1891
- beta.congress.gov H.R. 1891
- GovTrack.us H.R. 1891
- OpenCongress.org H.R. 1891
- WashingtonWatch.com H.R. 1891
- House Republicans' Legislative Digest H.R. 1891