Science and technology in Canada

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The Canadian-built space station robotic arm (right), referred to as Canadarm2, transferred its launch cradle over to Endeavour's Canadian-built robotic arm, referred to as Canadarm

Science and technology in Canada consists of three distinct but closely related phenomena:

  • the diffusion of technology in Canada
  • scientific research in Canada
  • innovation, invention and industrial research in Canada

In 2018, Canada spent approximately C$34.5 billion on domestic research and development, of which around $2 billion was spent directly by the federal government in-house and an additional $5.7 billion was provided by provincial and federal sources in the form of grants.[1]

The diffusion of technology in Canada[edit]

Scientific research in Canada[edit]

Innovation, invention, and industrial research in Canada[edit]

Technological and industrial history of Canada[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics (December 22, 2018). "The Daily – Spending on research and development, 2018 intentions". Retrieved September 19, 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]