Scilla morrisii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scilla morrisii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Scilla
Species: S. morrisii
Binomial name
Scilla morrisii
Meikle

Scilla morrisii (the Morris squill or pallid squill) is a critically endangered species of plant in the Hyacinthaceae family. It is endemic to Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation on the island of Cyprus.

Description[edit]

The Morris squill is a perennial herb with 3-6 thick, straight leaves measuring up to 70 cm long and 1-3 cm wide. The flowers are star-shaped, small and usually coloured purple, blue or white. The flowering period is between March and April.[citation needed]

As a perennial, it overwinters as a bulb which stores nutrients. Like all species in this genus it is somewhat toxic.[1]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species is endemic to the north-western part of Cyprus and known from only three locations (two near the village of Panagia and one is near the Aghios Neophytos monastery). It appears to prefer an altitude of 250-900 m, where it grows in moist crevices, frequently under old oaks and terebinths.[1]

Conservation[edit]

The Morris squill is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN due to its very restricted distribution and the low number of individuals (an estimated 600 plants in 2006). All known plants are confined to an area of less than 2 km2. The species is heavily dependent on old stands of oak trees, which are rapidly being reduced by logging, road construction and farmland conversion.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kadis, C. & Christodoulou, C.S. (2006). "Scilla morrisii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2006: e.T61607A12520512. Retrieved 13 August 2016.