Scilla peruviana

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Portuguese squill
Scilla peruviana2.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Scilloideae
Genus: Scilla
Species: S. peruviana
Binomial name
Scilla peruviana
L.[1]
Synonyms

Many, including:

  • Caloscilla elegans Jord. & Fourr., 1869[2]
  • Scilla peruviana var. elegans (Jord. & Fourr.) Maire & Weiller 1958[3]

Scilla peruviana, the Portuguese squill,[4] is a species of Scilla native to the western Mediterranean region in Iberia, Italy, and northwest Africa.[5]

Although the epithet peruviana means "from Peru", it is strictly a western Mediterranean species. Linnaeus named the species in 1753, noting an earlier name given to the plant by Carolus Clusius, Hyacinthus stellatus peruanus.[6] It is said that Clusius misunderstood a statement that the bulbs came from a ship called "Peru" and thought that they came from the country.[7]

It is a bulb-bearing herbaceous perennial plant. The bulb is 6–8 cm diameter, white with a covering of brown scales. The leaves are linear, 20–60 cm long and 1–4 cm broad, with 5-15 leaves produced each spring. The flowering stem is 15–40 cm tall, bearing a dense pyramidal raceme of 40-100 flowers; each flower is blue, 1–2 cm diameter, with six tepals.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is commonly grown as an ornamental plant for its spring flowers; several cultivars are available ranging in colour from white to light or dark blue, or violet. In some areas it is also known as hyacinth-of-Peru,[5] Cuban-lily,[5] or Peruvian scilla.

References[edit]

  1. ^ L. Sp. Pl. 309 (1753)
  2. ^ Jord. & Fourr. Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 16 (1869)
  3. ^ Maire & Weiller Fl. Afr. Nord N. 5: 144 (1958)
  4. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "Scilla peruviana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 30 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species Plantarum. 1. Stockholm: Laurentius Salvius. p. 309. 
  7. ^ Schauenberg, Paul (1965). The Bulb Book. London: F. Warne. p. 248. OCLC 745287745.