Scipio Moorhead (active c. 1773) was an enslaved African-American artist who lived in Boston, Massachusetts. His only surviving work is a portrait of the African-American poet Phillis Wheatley. Moorhead gained recognition through Phillis Wheatley's inscription "To S. M. a young African Painter, on seeing his Works", published in Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, 1773.
Moorhead was a slave of the Reverend John Moorhead of Boston, Massachusetts. His talents for drawing were tutored by the Reverend's wife Sarah Moorhead, who was an art teacher. Although a slave, Scipio Moorhead enjoyed the usual rights of free workers. It is possible that the copperplate engraving of Phillis Wheatley that adorns much of her published poetry is his creation. No original work by Scipio has survived, but he may be the person referred to the a Boston News-Letter advertisement on January 7, 1773, which spoke of a negro artist... A negro of extraordinary genius.
- Slauter, Eric. Looking for Scipio Moorhead : an "African painter" in revolutionary North America in Lugo-Ortiz, Agnes (2013). Slave portraiture in the Atlantic world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781107004399. p. 89-116
- Scipio Moorhead in Bénézit
- Appiah, Kwame A.; Gates Jr., Henry L. (1999). Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience. U.S: Basic Civitas Books. p. 1332(?). ISBN 0-465-00071-1.
- Patton, Sharon F. (1998). Oxford History of Art: African- American Art. Oxford, New York: Oxford University press. p. 12. ISBN 0-19284213-7.
- Lewis, R.W.B. and Nacy (1999). American Characters. Yale University: Yale University. p. 380. ISBN 0-300-07895-1.
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