Two-lined monocle bream

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Two-lined monocle bream
Scolopsis bilineata.JPG
Scolopsis bilineata biofluorescence 2.jpg
Biofluorescence of Scolopsis bilineata (circled) at night at the Solomon Islands
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Nemipteridae
Genus: Scolopsis
Species: S. bilineata
Binomial name
Scolopsis bilineata
(Bloch, 1793)
Synonyms
  • Anthias bilineatus Bloch, 1793
  • Lutjanus ellipticus Lacépède, 1802
  • Scolopsis bleekeri Günther, 1859
  • Perca frenata Günther, 1859

The two-lined monocle bream (Scolopsis bilineata) is a species of threadfin bream native to the Indian Ocean and the western Pacific Ocean. An inhabitant of coral reefs, this species can be found at depths from 1 to 25 m (3.3 to 82.0 ft). They are carnivorous, preying on smaller fishes, as well as benthic invertebrates. This species can reach a length of 25 cm (9.8 in), though most only reach a length of around 13 cm (5.1 in). This species is sought-after by local peoples for food and can also be found in the aquarium trade.[1]

The two-lined monocle bream exhibits biofluorescence, that is, when illuminated by blue or ultraviolet light, it re-emits it as green, and appears differently than under white light illumination (only stripes on the upper front part are visible). Biofluorescence may assist in intraspecific communication and camouflage, blending the fish with green-fluorescing Acropora corals.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Scolopsis bilineata" in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  2. ^ Sparks, John S.; Schelly, Robert C.; Smith, W. Leo; Davis, Matthew P.; Tchernov, Dan; Pieribone, Vincent A.; Gruber, David F. (2014). "The Covert World of Fish Biofluorescence: A Phylogenetically Widespread and Phenotypically Variable Phenomenon". PLoS ONE. 9 (1): e83259. PMC 3885428Freely accessible. PMID 24421880. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0083259.