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Temporal range: Oligocene - Pleistocene
Scaus u0.gif
Blue mackerel, Scomber australasicus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scombridae
Tribe: Scombrini
Genus: Scomber
Linnaeus, 1758

See text.

Scomber is a genus of ocean-dwelling mackerels in the family Scombridae.[1] [2]

The four species of Scomber together with the three species of Rastrelliger comprise the tribe Scombrini, known as the "true mackerels".

Fossil of Scomber japonicus from Pliocene of Italy


FishBase lists four species:


These fishes have an elongated body, highly streamlined, muscular and agile. The eyes are large, the head is elongated, with a big mouth provided with teeth. They have two dorsal triangular fins, with some stabilizing fins along the caudal peduncle. The basic color is blue-green with a silvery white belly and a darker back, usually black mottled.

Fossil record[edit]

Fossils of Scomber are found from the Oligocene to the Pleistocene (age range: from 33.9 to 1.806 million years ago.). They are known from various localities of Germany, Italy, Romania, Japan and Mexico. [3]


  • Collette, Bruce B., and Cornelia E. Nauen - Scombrids of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Tunas, Mackerels, Bonitos and Related Species Known to Date - FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 125, vol. 2
  • Shiino, Sueo M. - List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations - Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4
  • Tortonese E. Osteichthyes, Calderini, 1975


  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). Species of Scomber in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  2. ^ ITIS
  3. ^ Paleobiology Database

External links[edit]