Scomber

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scomber
Temporal range: Oligocene - Pleistocene
Scaus u0.gif
Blue mackerel, Scomber australasicus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Scombridae
Tribe: Scombrini
Genus: Scomber
Linnaeus, 1758
Species

See text.

Scomber is a genus of ocean-dwelling mackerels in the family Scombridae.[1] [2]

The four species of Scomber together with the three species of Rastrelliger comprise the tribe Scombrini, known as the "true mackerels".

Fossil of Scomber japonicus from Pliocene of Italy

Species[edit]

FishBase lists four species:

Description[edit]

These fishes have an elongated body, highly streamlined, muscular and agile. The eyes are large, the head is elongated, with a big mouth provided with teeth. They have two dorsal triangular fins, with some stabilizing fins along the caudal peduncle. The basic color is blue-green with a silvery white belly and a darker back, usually black mottled.

Fossil record[edit]

Fossils of Scomber are found from the Oligocene to the Pleistocene (age range: from 33.9 to 1.806 million years ago.). They are known from various localities of Germany, Italy, Romania, Japan and Mexico. [3]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Collette, Bruce B., and Cornelia E. Nauen - Scombrids of the World: An Annotated and Illustrated Catalogue of Tunas, Mackerels, Bonitos and Related Species Known to Date - FAO Fisheries Synopsis, no. 125, vol. 2
  • Shiino, Sueo M. - List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations - Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4
  • Tortonese E. Osteichthyes, Calderini, 1975

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). Species of Scomber in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  2. ^ ITIS
  3. ^ Paleobiology Database

External links[edit]