Scorpaena

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Scorpaena
Temporal range: Middle Eocene–recent
[1]
HusaKG.jpg
Scorpaena onaria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Scorpaenidae
Subfamily: Scorpaeninae
Genus: Scorpaena
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Scorpaena porcus
Synonyms
  • Holoscorpaena Fowler, 1944
  • Kantapus J. L. B. Smith, 1947
  • Osorioia Fowler, 1938
  • Ruboralga Whitley, 1931
  • Scorpius Plumier, 1801

Scorpaena is a widespread genus of marine fish of the family Scorpaenidae, the scorpionfishes.[2][3]

Species[edit]

The 62 recognized species in this genus are:[4][5]


Image Scientific Name Common Name Distribution
Scorpaena afuerae Hildebrand, 1946 Peruvian scorpionfish southeast Pacific
Fish4437 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg Scorpaena agassizii Goode & T. H. Bean, 1896 longfin scorpionfish North Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern South America.
Scorpaena albifimbria - pone.0010676.g040.png Scorpaena albifimbria Evermann & M. C. Marsh, 1900 coral scorpionfish southern Florida, USA and the Bahamas to Curaçao and probably northern South America.
Scorpaena angolensis Norman, 1935 Angola rockfish Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde
Scorpaena annobonae Eschmeyer, 1969 on rough bottom at Annobon Island.
Scorpaena ascensionis Eschmeyer, 1971 Southeast Atlantic
Scorpaena azorica Eschmeyer, 1969 Northeastern Atlantic region in European waters
Scorpaena bergii Evermann & M. C. Marsh, 1900 goosehead scorpionfish Bermuda, New York to Florida (USA), Bahamas, and Mexico to northern South America.
Scorpaena brachyptera Eschmeyer, 1965 shortfin scorpionfish southern Florida in USA and Panama to Venezuela.
Fish4439 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg Scorpaena brasiliensis G. Cuvier, 1829 Barbfish Virginia, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil
Scorpaena brevispina Motomura & Senou, 2008 Japanese shortspined scorpionfish Japan.
Scorpaena bulacephala Motomura, Last & Yearsley, 2005 bullhead scorpionfish Norfolk Island and off Lord Howe Island, in the northern Tasman Sea.
Scorpaena calcarata Goode & T. H. Bean, 1882 smooth-head scorpionfish Canada to North Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil
Scorpaena canariensis (Sauvage, 1878 Canary Islands and Madeira Island
Scorpaena cardinalis 1.jpg Scorpaena cardinalis Solander & J. Richardson, 1842 eastern red scorpionfish northern New Zealand and offshore islands of the Tasman Sea
Scorpaena cocosensis Motomura, 2004 Cocos Island and Galápagos
Scorpaena colorata (C. H. Gilbert, 1905) Hawaiian Islands
Fish4440 - Flickr - NOAA Photo Library.jpg Scorpaena dispar Longley & Hildebrand, 1940 hunchback scorpionfish Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Brazil.
Scorpaena elachys Eschmeyer, 1965 dwarf scorpionfish Florida in USA and Antilles.
Scorpaena elongata.jpg Scorpaena elongata Cadenat, 1943 slender rockfish Mediterranean Sea and Morocco to off northern Namibia
Scorpaena fernandeziana Steindachner, 1875 Desventuradas Is. and Juan Fernández Is
Scorpaena gasta Motomura, Last & Yearsley, 2006 ghostly scorpionfish Western Australia.
Scorpaena grandicornis - pone.0010676.g041.png Scorpaena grandicornis G. Cuvier, 1829 plumed scorpionfish Bermuda, Florida (USA), and Honduras to southern Brazil.
Scorpaena grandisquamis J. D. Ogilby, 1910 bigscale scorpionfish Australia.
Scorpaena grattanica Trunov, 2006 Grattan Bank, Ascension Island.
Adelogorgia phyllosclera.jpg Scorpaena guttata Girard, 1854 California scorpionfish Santa Cruz in central California, USA to Punta Abreojos, Baja California; including northern Gulf of California and Guadalupe Island in Mexico
Scorpaena hatizyoensis Matsubara, 1943 Hachijôjima, Japan.
Scorpaena hemilepidota Fowler, 1938 Philippines.
Scorpaena histrio Jenyns, 1840 player scorpionfish Mazatlán, Sonora, Mexico to Chile, from Cabo San Lucas, Mexico and Galapagos Islands.
Scorpaena inermis - pone.0010676.g042.png Scorpaena inermis G. Cuvier, 1829 mushroom scorpionfish Florida (USA), Bahamas, and Yucatan (Mexico) to Curaçao
Scorpaena isthmensis Meek & Hildebrand, 1928 smooth-cheek scorpionfish South Carolina, USA and northern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil.
Scorpaena izuensis.jpg Scorpaena izensis D. S. Jordan & Starks, 1904 Izu scorpionfish Indo-West Pacific.
Scorpaena jacksoniensis Steindachner, 1866 coastal water of eastern Australia, from southern Queensland to Victoria.
Scorpaena lacrimata J. E. Randall & D. W. Greenfield, 2004 Tahiti.
Scorpaena laevis Troschel, 1866 Senegalese rockfish Mauritania to Pointe Noire, Congo and including the Azores, and Cape Verde
Scorpaena loppei1.jpg Scorpaena loppei Cadenat, 1943 Cadenat's rockfish Morocco, Mauritania, Portugal, Atlantic coast of Spain, Cyprus and the Mediterranean.
Scorpaena maderensis Paros.JPG Scorpaena maderensis Valenciennes, 1833 Madeira rockfish Azores, Madeira, and Morocco to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde and Senegal.
Scorpaena melasma Eschmeyer, 1965 Suriname and off Brazil.
Scorpaena mellissii Günther, 1868 Melliss's scorpionfish St. Helena.
KokuchihusaKG.jpg Scorpaena miostoma Günther, 1877 Chiba Prefecture, Japan to Pusan, South Korea
Scorpaena mystes.jpg Scorpaena mystes D. S. Jordan & Starks, 1895 California, USA to northern Chile, including the Galapagos Islands.
Scorpaena neglecta Temminck & Schlegel, 1843 Indo-West Pacific.
Scorpaena normani Cadenat, 1943 Norman's rockfish Mauritania to southern Angola.
Scorpaena notata (DFdB).JPG Scorpaena notata Rafinesque, 1810 small red scorpionfish Bay of Biscay to Senegal, Madeira, Azores and the Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea
HusaKG.jpg Scorpaena onaria D. S. Jordan & Snyder, 1900 western scorpionfish Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and New Caledonia
Scorpaena orgila Eschmeyer & G. R. Allen, 1971 bold scorpionfish Easter Island.
Scorpaena papillosa (Schneider & Forster, 1801) Red Rockcod, or red scorpionfish, "Grandaddy".jpg Scorpaena papillosa (J. G. Schneider & J. R. Forster, 1801) red rock cod southern Australia and New Zealand
Scorpaena pascuensis Eschmeyer & G. R. Allen, 1971 Easter Island.
Scorpaena pele Eschmeyer & J. E. Randall, 1975 Hawaiian Islands
Scorpaena pepo Motomura, Poss & K. T. Shao, 2007 pumpkin scorpionfish Taiwan.
Scorpaena petricola Eschmeyer, 1965 Brazil.
The Beast (5243756948).jpg Scorpaena plumieri Bloch, 1789 spotted scorpionfish Bermuda, Massachusetts, and northern Gulf of Mexico to southern Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension and St. Helena.
Scorpaena porcus (black scorpionfish, Brauner Drachenkopf) (22052898998).jpg Scorpaena porcus Linnaeus, 1758 black scorpionfish British Isles to the Azores, and the Canary Islands, including Morocco, the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea.
Scorpaena russula D. S. Jordan & Bollman, 1890 reddish scorpionfish Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico to Peru.
Scorpaena scrofa 02.JPG Scorpaena scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 Red scorpionfish British Isles (rare) to Senegal including Madeira, the Canary Islands, and Cape Verde
Scorpaena sonorae O. P. Jenkins & Evermann, 1889 Sonora scorpionfish Mexico.
Scorpaena stephanica Cadenat, 1943 spotted-fin rockfish Mauritania to Angola.
Scorpaena sumptuosa Castelnau, 1875 western red scorpionfish southwestern Australia.
Scorpaena thomsoni Günther, 1880 Desventuradas Is. and Juan Fernández Is.
Scorpaena tierrae Hildebrand, 1946 Chile.
Scorpaena uncinata F. de Buen, 1961 Chile.
Scorpaena wellingtoni Victor, 2013[5] Cove on Isla Isabela in the Galápagos

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology. 364: 560.
  2. ^ Scorpaena Linnaeus, 1758. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 15 January 2019.
  3. ^ "Scorpaena". Paleobiology Database. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). Species of Scorpaena in FishBase. August 2013 version.
  5. ^ a b Victor, B.C. (2013): Scorpaena wellingtoni n. sp., a new scorpionfish from the Galápagos Islands (Scorpaeniformes: Scorpaenidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 8: 30-43.

External links[edit]