The song can be sung as a round when each part starts two bars after the previous one. It may be an example of a nursery rhyme with tragic or violent themes. The London lyrics are said to be about Great Fire of London, a five-day fire in the city of London in 1666. The first notation of a round in this theme dates from 1580. The Scotland lyrics are said to be about the Burning of Edinburgh in 1544, ordered by Henry VIII of England.
- Margaret Read MacDonald & Winifred Jaeger (2006). The Round Book: Rounds Kids Love to Sing, p.73. August House. ISBN 9780874837865.
- Lindahl, Greg. "Scotland, It Burneth", Ravenscroft Songbook. Cites Vlasto, Jill. "An Elizabethan Anthology of Rounds", Musical Quarterly XL (1954) 222-234. Accessed August 25, 2015.
- Bert van Zantwijk, Brand in Mokum (2016)
- (1902). "Music of Shakspere's Time", Lippincott's Monthly Magazine: A Popular Journal of General Literature, Volume 69, p.243-4. J.B. Lippincott. pre-ISBN.
- Dutch Wikipedia, Brand in Mokum
- Mason, Lowell (1837). Parley's Magazine, Volume 5, p.191.
- Kaye Pottie, Vernon Ellis, Kathy Kaulbach (1992). Folksongs of the Maritimes: From the Collections of Helen Creighton and Other Distinguished Maritime Folklorists, p.12. Formac. ISBN 9780887802003.
- Newman Ivey White, Jan Philip Schinhan; eds. (1977). The Frank C. Brown Collection of NC Folklore: Vol. V: The Music of the Folk Songs, p.115. Duke University. ISBN 9780822382850.
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