Scotland County, North Carolina
Location within the U.S. state of North Carolina
North Carolina's location within the U.S.
|• Total||320 sq mi (800 km2)|
|• Land||319 sq mi (830 km2)|
|• Water||1.5 sq mi (4 km2) 0.5%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||113/sq mi (44/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
The county was founded in 1899 from the southeastern part of Richmond County, which was divided to reduced the travel time for residents to the county seat of Rockingham. The county name documents the strong historic and cultural influence from the early settlers from Scotland.
- Hoke County - northeast
- Robeson County - southeast
- Marlboro County, South Carolina - southwest
- Richmond County - northwest
- Moore County - north
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 35,998 people, 13,399 households, and 9,674 families residing in the county. The population density was 113 people per square mile (44/km2). There were 14,693 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 51.49% White, 37.32% Black or African American, 8.88% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.46% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 1.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In 2005 49.4% of Scotland County's population was non-Hispanic whites.
In 2000 there were 13,399 households, out of which 34.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 20.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.80% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.10.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.10% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 27.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 88.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,010, and the median income for a family was $39,178. Males had a median income of $31,212 versus $23,172 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,693. About 17.40% of families and 20.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.80% of those under age 18 and 17.20% of those age 65 or over.
Law and government
Scotland County is a member of the regional Lumber River Council of Governments.
As of the redistricting by the North Carolina General Assembly in 2016, Scotland County is located entirely in North Carolina's 9th congressional district. It is represented in the 116th United States Congress by Dan Bishop (R).
The county has only voted for 3 Republican candidates since 1900: Richard Nixon in 1972, Ronald Reagan in 1984, and Donald Trump in 2020. It was the only county in North Carolina to flip from Democrat to Republican between 2016 and 2020.
Primary tourism draws include:
- Festivals (Scotland County Highland Games, Storytelling Festival of Carolinas, John Blue Festival)
- Historical sites (John Blue House (Laurinburg, North Carolina), Old Laurel Hill Church)
- Museums and heritage (Scotland County Museum, Indian Museum, Scottish Heritage Center)
- The outdoors (Cypress Bend Vineyards, St. Andrews Equestrian Center, Chalk Banks, Lumber River), and
- The local college: St. Andrews University.
The county is often referred to as the "Soul of the Carolinas" – as it maintains its historical and personal touch in one of the fastest growing states 
- Laurinburg (county seat)
Other unincorporated communities
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Scotland County history
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 24, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
- "Soul of the Carolinas". Scotland County Tourism Development Authority. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Sherman, Lauren (22 December 2008). "America's 10 Fastest-Growing States". Forbes.