Scott County, Indiana

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Scott County
Scott County Courthouse in Scottsburg, Indiana
Scott County Courthouse in Scottsburg, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Scott County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°41′N 85°44′W / 38.69°N 85.74°W / 38.69; -85.74
Country United States
State Indiana
Founded1820
Named forCharles Scott
SeatScottsburg
Largest cityScottsburg
Area
 • Total192.75 sq mi (499.2 km2)
 • Land190.40 sq mi (493.1 km2)
 • Water2.35 sq mi (6.1 km2)  1.22%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
23,878
 • Density127/sq mi (49.04/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional districts6th, 9th
Indiana county number 72

Scott County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 24,181.[1] The county seat is Scottsburg.[2]

History[edit]

Scott County was formed in 1820 from portions of Clark, Jackson, Jefferson, Jennings, and Washington counties. It was named for Gen. Charles Scott, who was Governor of Kentucky from 1808 to 1812.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 192.75 square miles (499.2 km2), of which 190.40 square miles (493.1 km2) (or 98.78%) is land and 2.35 square miles (6.1 km2) (or 1.22%) is water.[3]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Scottsburg, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]
Metric conversion
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F
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79
 
 
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20
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93
 
 
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

In recent years, average temperatures in Scottsburg have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −32 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in January 1977 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1930. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.84 inches (72 mm) in February to 4.75 inches (121 mm) in May.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Scott County is part of Indiana's 9th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Republican Trey Hollingsworth.[7]

United States presidential election results for Scott County, Indiana[8]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,331 72.00% 2,701 26.53% 150 1.47%
2016 6,074 66.40% 2,642 28.88% 431 4.71%
2012 4,539 52.05% 3,998 45.85% 183 2.10%
2008 4,445 49.75% 4,271 47.80% 219 2.45%
2004 4,793 55.24% 3,822 44.05% 62 0.71%
2000 3,761 47.94% 3,915 49.90% 170 2.17%
1996 2,620 36.35% 3,798 52.70% 789 10.95%
1992 2,649 33.71% 4,085 51.98% 1,125 14.31%
1988 3,455 50.41% 3,378 49.29% 21 0.31%
1984 4,110 54.16% 3,460 45.60% 18 0.24%
1980 3,432 46.83% 3,694 50.40% 203 2.77%
1976 2,657 38.14% 4,229 60.71% 80 1.15%
1972 3,564 55.77% 2,785 43.58% 42 0.66%
1968 2,671 42.62% 2,796 44.61% 800 12.77%
1964 1,992 32.11% 4,205 67.79% 6 0.10%
1960 3,213 50.99% 3,064 48.63% 24 0.38%
1956 3,117 50.63% 3,011 48.91% 28 0.45%
1952 2,984 50.08% 2,931 49.19% 44 0.74%
1948 2,429 43.11% 3,128 55.51% 78 1.38%
1944 2,379 47.07% 2,621 51.86% 54 1.07%
1940 2,285 45.96% 2,668 53.66% 19 0.38%
1936 2,034 42.86% 2,696 56.81% 16 0.34%
1932 1,722 42.96% 2,240 55.89% 46 1.15%
1928 1,719 52.68% 1,527 46.80% 17 0.52%
1924 1,532 44.59% 1,824 53.08% 80 2.33%
1920 1,709 47.51% 1,848 51.38% 40 1.11%
1916 802 41.99% 1,068 55.92% 40 2.09%
1912 327 16.83% 1,033 53.17% 583 30.01%
1908 979 42.96% 1,243 54.54% 57 2.50%
1904 953 44.85% 1,090 51.29% 82 3.86%
1900 874 41.15% 1,221 57.49% 29 1.37%
1896 837 40.07% 1,237 59.21% 15 0.72%
1892 727 39.32% 1,043 56.41% 79 4.27%
1888 743 41.28% 1,030 57.22% 27 1.50%

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18202,334
18303,09232.5%
18404,24237.2%
18505,88538.7%
18607,30324.1%
18707,8737.8%
18808,3436.0%
18907,833−6.1%
19008,3076.1%
19108,3230.2%
19207,424−10.8%
19306,664−10.2%
19408,97834.7%
195011,51928.3%
196014,46325.6%
197017,14418.5%
198020,42219.1%
199020,9912.8%
200022,9609.4%
201024,1815.3%
202024,3840.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,181 people, 9,397 households, and 6,648 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 127.0 inhabitants per square mile (49.0/km2). There were 10,440 housing units at an average density of 54.8 per square mile (21.2/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.5% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 20.1% were American, 15.6% were German, 11.9% were Irish, and 10.0% were English.[14]

Of the 9,397 households, 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.3% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 39.3 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $46,775. Males had a median income of $37,505 versus $30,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,414. About 12.2% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

2015 HIV Outbreak[edit]

In late 2014 and early 2015, 17 HIV infections arising from Scott County initiated an Indiana Department of Health investigation that would result in the state declaring a public health emergency. The outbreak was fueled in part to intravenous drug use resulting from the opioid epidemic compounded by poor access to HIV testing.[16] The public health crisis led to governor Mike Pence signing an executive order allowing a needle exchange site to open; before that time, needle exchanges were illegal in the state of Indiana. This was cited as the turning point in the outbreak, which allowed the county's only physician, Dr. William Cooke,[17] to provide resources to those at risk or experiencing an HIV outbreak. This became the first needle exchange to exist in Indiana; a total of 9 would ultimately exist in the state.[18] A total of 215 cases[19] were eventually attributed to the outbreak. Despite the success of the program, county officials voted 2–1 to end the needle exchange program in June 2021[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Scott County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Scottsburg, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved September 16, 2008.
  7. ^ "Conressman Trey Hollingsworth". House.Gov. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
  8. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved July 10, 2015.
  16. ^ "How Mike Pence Made Indiana's HIV Outbreak Worse". POLITICO. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  17. ^ Lukens, Jenn (November 28, 2018). "Responding to the HIV Crisis in Scott County, Indiana: Q&A with Dr. William Cooke". The Rural Monitor. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  18. ^ Hepatitis, HIV/STD/Viral (April 20, 2021). "Harm Reduction & Syringe Service Programs". HIV/STD/Viral Hepatitis. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  19. ^ Gonsalves, Gregg S.; Crawford, Forrest W. (October 2018). "Dynamics of the HIV Outbreak and Response in Scott County, Indiana, 2011-2015: A Modeling Study". The Lancet. HIV. 5 (10): e569–e577. doi:10.1016/S2352-3018(18)30176-0. ISSN 2405-4704. PMC 6192548. PMID 30220531.
  20. ^ "Rural Indiana county ends needle swap that helped fight HIV — sparking fears of another outbreak". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved October 22, 2021.

Coordinates: 38°41′N 85°44′W / 38.69°N 85.74°W / 38.69; -85.74