Scott County, Missouri

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Scott County
Scott County courthouse in Benton
Scott County courthouse in Benton
Map of Missouri highlighting Scott County
Location within the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°03′N 89°34′W / 37.05°N 89.57°W / 37.05; -89.57
Country United States
State Missouri
FoundedDecember 28, 1821
Named forJohn Scott
SeatBenton
Largest citySikeston
Area
 • Total426 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Land420 sq mi (1,100 km2)
 • Water5.9 sq mi (15 km2)  1.4%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total39,191
 • Estimate 
(2018)
38,058
 • Density92/sq mi (36/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district8th
Websitewww.scottcountymo.com

Scott County is a county located in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 39,191.[1] Its county seat is Benton.[2] The county was organized in 1821 and named for U.S. Representative John Scott, the first federal representative from Missouri. Scott County comprises the Sikeston, MO Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cape Girardeau-Sikeston, MO-IL Combined Statistical Area. The county is home to Scott County Central High School, which has won 18 state championships in boys basketball—the most of any high school in the state.

History[edit]

This area along the Mississippi River was long occupied by indigenous peoples. In historic times, the large and powerful Osage people dominated a large territory including this area and up and west from the later St. Louis, Missouri. Cape La Croix, a rock island in the Mississippi River, has a cross erected by Jesuit missionary Father De Montigny, who traveled with early French explorers in 1699. Some French colonists established trading relationships with the Osage; the traders were based in St. Louis, founded in the late 18th century.

Spain had taken control in 1763 after French lost to Britain in the Seven Years' War. They laid out the King's Highway (El Camino Real) in 1789, a north–south route crossing the county and extending through St. Louis, Missouri. In the late 1790s, Southerners were the first United States settlers on Spanish land grants in this area. France briefly took back the territory, then sold it to the United States in 1803 as part of the Louisiana Purchase.

Delaware (Lenape) and Shawnee people migrated into the area in the 1820s from territories east of the Mississippi, pushed by European-American encroachment on their lands.

The second county formed in Missouri's Southeast Lowland Region, Scott County was created by the Missouri state legislature on December 28, 1821. The county was named in honor of John Scott (1785–1861), the first congressman from Missouri.[3]

One of the earliest settlements was Commerce, Missouri, long known as Tywapitty, derived from an Osage language term. It was an early French fur trading post. Under Spanish rule before 1800, Rezin Bowie was syndic of Tywappity Settlement. (He was the brother of Kentucky frontiersman Jim Bowie.) This was established as a river landing by 1803, and residents formed the first Baptist Church in Missouri there in 1805. Sergeant John Ordway of the Lewis and Clark expedition used the proceeds from his land grant bounty to purchase land in Tywapitty where he farmed cotton and had apple and peach orchards until devastated by the 1811-182 New Madrid earthquakes. The city was platted in 1823 and it served as the Scott county seat from 1864 to 1878.

The current county seat of Benton was laid out in 1822; it is named after Thomas Hart Benton, one of Missouri's first U.S. Senators.

New Hamburg, the third town founded in the county, was settled by a wave of German immigrants in the late 1840s, who came to this country after the German revolutions of 1848. The first log church was St. Lawrence Catholic Church. Sikeston, the largest city in the county and the fourth settlement to be founded, was settled in 1800 and was laid out in 1860 by John Sikes on the Cairo & Fulton Railroad.

The county was devastated by guerrilla raids during the U.S. Civil War. Afterward, it developed rapidly from the 1870s to the early 1900s; its dense forests were lumbered off and numerous railroads were constructed. Towns founded during this period included Diehlstadt, Morley, Oran, Perkins, Blodgett, Crowder, Vanduser, Illmo, Fornfelt (Scott City), Chaffee, Ancell, and Kelso. The Thebes-Mississippi River Railroad Bridge at Illmo was built in 1905.

Located near Morley is the gravesite of Nathaniel W. Watkins, a state legislator and a general in the Missouri State Guards. He was a half-brother of statesman Henry Clay. Wilson Brown, the ninth lieutenant governor of Missouri, lived in the county for a time. Noted early legislators such as Joseph Hunter II and Abraham Hunter also lived here.

Cotton, soybeans, melon and grains were all common crops in rural Scott County. Between the Mississippi River and Little River District drainage ditches lies one of the oldest drainage systems in the United States, Crowley's Ridge, established in 1905, is a remnant of an old coastal floodplain and natural levee that crosses the country.

On January 28, 2004, the Scott County Courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 426 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 420 square miles (1,100 km2) is land and 5.9 square miles (15 km2) (1.4%) is water.[4] The county's eastern border with Illinois is formed by the Mississippi River.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,136
18405,974179.7%
18503,182−46.7%
18605,24764.9%
18707,31739.5%
18808,58717.4%
189011,22830.8%
190013,09216.6%
191022,37270.9%
192023,4094.6%
193024,9136.4%
194030,37721.9%
195032,8428.1%
196032,748−0.3%
197033,2501.5%
198039,64719.2%
199039,376−0.7%
200040,4222.7%
201039,191−3.0%
2018 (est.)38,458[5]−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 40,422 people, 15,626 households, and 11,219 families residing in the county. The population density was 37/km2 (96/mi2). There were 16,951 housing units at an average density of 16/km2 (40/mi2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.68% White, 10.50% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Approximately 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,626 households, out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,735, and the median income for a family was $48,847. Males had a median income of $30,169 versus $19,269 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,363. About 12.30% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.50% of those under age 18 and 13.60% of those age 65 or over.

Religion[edit]

According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report (2000), Scott County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion. The most predominant denominations among residents in Scott County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists (40.54%), Roman Catholics (27.12%), and Methodists (9.28%).

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party has historically controlled politics at the local level in Scott County. In recent years, however, Republicans have made inroads, gaining control of several county offices in 2018 and 2020. Republicans now hold most elected positions in the county, while Democrats only control the offices of County Clerk, Collector, Commissioner (district 2), Coroner, Recorder, and Surveyor.[11]

Scott County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Carla Essner Republican
Circuit Clerk Stacey Naile Republican
County Clerk Rita Milam Democratic
Collector Mark Hensley Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Jim Glueck Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Terry Cole Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Donnie Kiefer Democratic
Coroner Scott C. Amick Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Amanda Oesch Republican
Public Administrator Julia Crader Dolan Republican
Recorder Tara Mason Democratic
Sheriff Wes Drury Republican
Surveyor Brian Strickland Democratic
Treasurer Joe Bill Davis Republican

State[edit]

Scott County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives.

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2012 49.99% 8,421 48.04% 8,092 1.98% 333
2008 53.12% 9,494 45.55% 8,142 1.33% 238
2004 58.69% 10,198 40.31% 7,004 1.00% 174
2000 52.12% 8,159 46.59% 7,293 1.29% 202
1996 38.71% 5,878 59.76% 9,074 1.53% 233
1992 47.32% 7,564 52.68% 8,422 0.00% 0
1988 56.49% 7,845 43.45% 6,035 0.06% 8
1984 59.90% 8,446 40.10% 5,654 0.00% 0
1980 49.80% 7,619 50.13% 7,669 0.07% 11
1976 41.63% 5,558 58.37% 7,793 0.01% 1

Federal[edit]

Scott County is included in Missouri's 8th Congressional District and is currently represented by Jason T. Smith (R-Salem) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – District 8 – General Election – Scott County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jason T. Smith* 5,305 69.67
Democratic Barbara Stocker 1,755 23.05
Libertarian Rick Vandeven 294 3.86
Independent Terry Hampton 145 1.90
Constitution Doug Enyart 115 1.51


Political culture[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 77.6% 13,769 21.2% 3,753 1.3% 226
2016 76.0% 13,168 20.6% 3,575 3.4% 594
2012 68.4% 11,623 30.1% 5,122 1.5% 254
2008 64.0% 11,563 34.6% 6,258 1.4% 261
2004 64.9% 11,330 34.7% 6,057 0.4% 61
2000 57.3% 8,999 41.1% 6,452 1.6% 253
1996 43.5% 6,641 46.0% 7,011 10.5% 1,600
1992 38.0% 6,265 45.1% 7,452 16.9% 2,790
1988 57.5% 8,013 42.4% 5,914 0.2% 21
1984 61.1% 8,727 39.0% 5,569
1980 53.7% 8,227 44.7% 6,854 1.7% 255
1976 40.3% 5,473 59.5% 8,075 0.2% 28
1972 66.7% 7,316 33.3% 3,646
1968 36.2% 3,856 40.5% 4,313 23.3% 2,474
1964 30.0% 3,212 70.1% 7,512
1960 47.8% 5,807 52.2% 6,349
1956 41.1% 4,654 59.0% 6,683
1952 39.5% 4,661 60.3% 7,127 0.2% 26
1948 23.3% 2,519 76.5% 8,266 0.2% 18
1944 35.8% 3,995 63.9% 7,132 0.4% 41
1940 35.7% 4,401 64.0% 7,899 0.3% 42
1936 28.6% 3,126 71.0% 7,763 0.5% 52
1932 24.8% 2,310 74.5% 6,948 0.8% 75
1928 42.3% 3,779 57.7% 5,159 0.1% 6
1924 40.5% 3,335 44.2% 3,633 15.3% 1,258
1920 49.0% 4,204 48.5% 4,157 2.5% 218
1916 42.8% 2,285 52.7% 2,816 4.5% 240
1912 29.5% 1,235 46.5% 1,945 24.1% 1,007
1908 36.8% 1,473 46.3% 1,853 16.9% 678
1904 42.0% 1,124 54.9% 1,470 3.2% 85
1900 32.1% 821 66.6% 1,706 1.3% 33
1896 28.2% 751 71.6% 1,906 0.2% 5
1892 28.7% 671 68.9% 1,612 2.5% 58
1888 31.3% 629 68.7% 1,382

At the presidential level, Scott County was historically a Democratic stronghold, voting Democratic in every election from 1872 through 1976 save Warren Harding's 1920 landslide and Richard Nixon's 1972 landslide.[13] A shift began to become evident in the 1980s, as Scott County voted Republican thrice in a row for the first time, one of those times even being against Southerner Jimmy Carter; however, all three elections were nationally decisive Republican wins, and Bill Clinton was able to recapture the county, albeit not by large margins, in both of his wins. Since then, however, Scott County has transitioned to being a reliable Republican stronghold; as of 2020, it has voted Republican six times in a row, and the Republican vote share has not gone below 60% since 2000. Donald Trump exceeded three-quarters of the vote in both of his runs.

Like most rural areas throughout Southeast Missouri, voters in Scott County generally adhere to socially and culturally conservative principles. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Scott County with 85.32 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Scott County with 64.85 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Scott County's longstanding tradition of supporting socially conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Scott County with 67.99 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 75.94 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.

Education[edit]

Of adults 25 years of age and older in Scott County, 72.9% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 10.6% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Chaffee Public Library[14]
  • Sikeston Public Library[15]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Former community[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 363.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 13, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Scott County, MO". Retrieved 2019-09-06.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  13. ^ "County winners, 1836-2016". Google Docs. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  14. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Chaffee Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  15. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Sikeston Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°03′N 89°34′W / 37.05°N 89.57°W / 37.05; -89.57