Scott Hamilton (figure skater)
|Country represented||United States|
|Born||August 28, 1958|
Bowling Green, Ohio
|Spouse(s)||Tracie Robinson (m. 2002)|
|Height||5 ft 4 in (163 cm)|
|Former coach||Don Laws, Carlo Fassi, Pierre Brunet|
|Skating club||Philadelphia SC & HS|
|Began skating||age 13|
Scott Scovell Hamilton (born August 28, 1958) is a retired American figure skater and Olympic gold medalist. He won four consecutive U.S. championships (1981–84), four consecutive World Championships (1981–84), and a gold medal in the 1984 Olympics. His signature move is a backflip, a feat that few other figure skaters could perform that is against U.S. Figure Skating and Olympic competition rules, but he included in his exhibition routines as an amateur to please the crowd and in his professional competition routines. He is also recognized for his innovative footwork sequences. In retirement, he has been involved in charitable work and is the author of three books.
Early life and education
Hamilton was born on August 28, 1958 in Toledo, Ohio. He was adopted at the age of six weeks by Dorothy (née McIntosh), a professor, and Ernest S. Hamilton, a professor of biology, and raised in Bowling Green, Ohio. He has two siblings, older sister Susan (his parents' biological daughter) and younger brother Steven (who was also adopted). He attended Kenwood Elementary School. When Hamilton was two years old, he contracted a mysterious illness that caused him to stop growing. After numerous tests and several wrong diagnoses (including a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis that gave him just six months to live), the disease began to correct itself. His family physician sent him to Boston Children's Hospital to see a Dr. Shwachman. He was told the doctor had no idea what was wrong and to go home and stop the diets in order to live a normal life. Years later, it was determined that a congenital brain tumor was the root cause of his childhood illness. At the peak of his amateur career Hamilton weighed 108 pounds (49 kg) and was 5 feet 2.5 inches (1.59 m) tall, but eventually grew to a height of 5 feet 4 inches (1.63 m).
At age 13, Hamilton began training with Pierre Brunet, a former Olympic champion. In 1976, however, he was almost forced to quit skating because the cost of training was too high and he enrolled in college. However, Helen and Frank McLoraine stepped in to provide financial support for Hamilton to continue his training. Hamilton would later work with the McLoraines in continuing philanthropic support for figure skating. Hamilton attended Bowling Green State University in Ohio. The former First Street in Bowling Green was named Scott Hamilton Avenue in his honor.
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In 1980, Hamilton finished third in the U.S. Figure Skating Championships, earning him a place on the U.S. Olympic team. At this time, Don Laws was coaching him. He finished in fifth place at the 1980 Winter Olympics, where he also had the honor of carrying the American flag in the opening ceremony. His breakthrough performance was in the 1981 U.S. Championships. He performed flawlessly and the audience began a standing ovation several seconds before the end of the performance. He never lost an amateur competition again. In 1981 he won gold in the World Figure Skating Championships. During the long program, he received scores of 5.8s and 5.9s for technical merit and 5.7s at 5.9s for artistic impression out of a perfect score of 6.0. He started the long program off with a triple Lutz jump, his most consistent and hardest jump. He performed a strong program in spite of a minor flub. He won gold again in 1982 and 1983 at the U.S. and World Championships.
At the 1984 Olympics, he won the compulsory figures and placed second in the short program. For the long program, he planned five jumps: a triple Lutz, a triple flip, a triple toe loop in combination with a double loop, a triple toe walley and a triple Salchow. He completed only three of them, missing the triple flip and the triple Salchow. For technical merit, the nine judges gave him three 5.6's, two 5.7's, three 5.8's and a 5.9. For artistic impression, he received four 5.8's and five 5.9's. Brian Orser won the long program and Hamilton was second, but Hamilton won the gold medal. That ended a 24-year gold medal drought for US men in Olympic figure skating. He didn't attempt the triple Axel jump, a more difficult jump which other skaters in the competition landed. He won that year's World Championships and then turned professional in April 1984.
After turning professional, Hamilton toured with the Ice Capades for two years, and then created "Scott Hamilton's American Tour," which later was renamed Stars on Ice. He co-founded, co-produced and performed in Stars on Ice for 15 years before retiring from the tour in 2001 (though he still returns for occasional guest performances).
He has been awarded numerous skating honors, including being the first solo male figure skater to be awarded the Jacques Favart Award (in 1988). In 1990 he was inducted into the United States Olympic Hall of Fame.
|Season||Short program||Free skating||Exhibition|
Hamilton was a skating commentator for CBS television for many years, beginning in 1985. He has also worked for NBC television. In 2006 he was the host of the FOX television program Skating with Celebrities. He currently serves on the Board of Directors for Special Olympics International.
Awards and recognition
- 1985 – Hamilton was presented the 1984 Most Courageous Athlete Award by the Philadelphia Sports Writers Association.
- 1993 - The Associated Press released results of a national sports study in which Hamilton ranked as one of the top eight most popular athletes in America, ranking far ahead of big-name sports stars such as Michael Jordan, Magic Johnson, Troy Aikman, Dan Marino, Wayne Gretzky, Joe Montana, and Nolan Ryan.
- 1996 - Hamilton was presented the United States Sports Academy's Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias Courage Award in recognition of his courageous action in overcoming adversity to excel in sport.
- 1996 - Hamilton received the Academy of Achievement Golden Plate Award.
Hamilton voiced the dog dancing commentator on the King of the Hill episode "Dances with Dogs". He was also seen in the 2008 The Fairly OddParents episode "The Fairy Oddlympics" as Timmy Turner's co-host.
He made a small appearance on Roseanne as himself, participating in a mock linoleum skating competition credit sequence. He also made a brief appearance in the film Blades of Glory.
On March 8, 2010, Scott Hamilton: Return to the Ice premiered on the Bio Channel. The two-hour television special chronicled Hamilton's return to skating after battling cancer.
In 1999, Hamilton wrote the book Landing It, in which he talks about his life on & off the ice. In 2009, Hamilton wrote the book The Great Eight, which shared the secrets to his happiness and how he overcame numerous challenges and disappointments throughout his life. In 2018, he wrote the book Finish First: Winning Changes Everything (publisher: Thomas Nelson), about the value of competition.
Hamilton is a Christian and has said about his faith, "I understand that through a strong relationship with Jesus you can endure anything... God is there to guide you through the tough spots. God was there every single time, every single time."
In 1997, Hamilton had a much-publicized battle with testicular cancer. He made a return to skating after his treatment and his story was featured in magazines and on television. It was announced on November 12, 2004, that Hamilton had a benign brain tumor, which was treated at the Cleveland Clinic.
On June 23, 2010, Hamilton had brain surgery to prevent the recurrence of the benign tumor discovered in 2004. Called craniopharyngioma, the tumor could have caused blindness if left untreated. The surgery was successful. In November 2010, Hamilton was in the hospital again. During the removal of the tumor, an artery in the brain was "nicked". The bleeding stopped, but an aneurysm formed days later. Hamilton came through the surgery well. 
He founded the Scott Hamilton Cares Foundation to assist with cancer patient support. He has been a longtime volunteer with the Special Olympics and currently serves as a Special Olympics Global Ambassador. Hamilton has also helped benefit St. Jude's Children's Hospital and the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation, of which he is an honorary board member.
In 2012, Hamilton made public appearances in support of the presidential campaign of Republican Mitt Romney. He has also spoken in support of Donald Trump, and appeared in an episode of Celebrity Apprentice.
- Farris, Jo Ann Schneider (2007-11-23). "Figure Skating 101: All about back flips on ice skates". icenetwork.com. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- Meyers, Dvora (2018-02-12). "No, The Backflip Was Not Banned In Figure Skating Because Of Surya Bonaly". Deadspin. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- Shulman, Carole (2002). "Master the Move: Scott Hamilton's Footwork". The Complete Book of Figure Skating. Human Kinetics. p. 93.
His footwork is legendary. His combination of turns and freestyle moves are original and, oftentimes, humorous.
- Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica (May 26, 2017). "Scott Hamilton: American Figure Skater". Encyclopædia Britannica.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Scott Hamilton Biography (1958-)". filmreference.com.
- "Scott Hamilton Interview". Academy of Achievement. June 29, 1996. Archived from the original on 2010-03-02.
- "Words From a Champion: Scott Hamilton".
- John Brannon (March 4, 2010). "John Brannon: Step aside world … here comes Sarah". The Tribune. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2012.
- iTunes Otter Creek Church podcast July 22, 2012 Can I Get a Witness?: The Things That Ruin - Joshua Graves and Scott Hamilton and Tracie Hamilton. Scott, "Wikipedia doesn't always get it right. I'm 5'4"." https://itunes.apple.com/podcast/otter-creek-church/id175107775
- Stivers Leach, Melinda (14 December 1982). "Working up whimsical, new routine a 'big test' for skater Scott Hamilton". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Walter, Claire (12 March 1981). "Hamilton-Santee figure skating rivalry over, or is it?". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Hamilton, Scott (23 August 2002). "Scott Hamilton: Training for Olympic Gold". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- "Hamilton Wins Gold Medal in Figure Skating". The New York Times. 17 February 1984. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- McMahon, James (5 February 2014). "US Olympic Figure Skating: Ranking the Top 20 Moments of All Time". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Meyers, Dvora (14 February 2014). "Has Figure Skating Maxed Out In Difficulty?". Dead Spin. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
- Amdur, Neil (22 January 1984). "Perfect Scores May Have Begun the Hamilton Era". New York Times.
- "'Most Courageous Athlete Award' - Memorable Moments". Philadelphia Sports Writers Association. January 14, 2009. Retrieved 2012-04-29. Note: The winners of the Most Courageous Award for 1977, 1979, 1984, 1986, and 1991 are listed in the cited article with the incorrect year, i.e., the year that follows the award year. (The awards dinner and presentation occur in January or February of the year following the award year.)
- Wilstein, Steve (17 June 1994), The Associated Press
- "Coach Yow Receives Courage Award From U.S. Sports Academy". WRAL Sports Fan. April 14, 2008.
Past recipients have included Rocky Bleier, Jim Abbott, Lance Armstrong, Roy Campanella and Scott Hamilton.
- "Golden Plate Awardees: Sports". achievement.org. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- Trump Rounds Up Celebs for New Season of the Apprentice NY Times, January 8, 2009
- Seidman, Robert (2010-02-20). "BIO Chanel Presents "Scott Hamilton: Return to the Ice" On Monday March 8". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved 2010-04-10.
- Benet, Lorenzo (January 21, 2008). "Ice Skater Scott Hamilton & His Wife Have a Boy". People.
- "Scott Hamilton on adoption: 'We're blessed'". today.com. November 21, 2014. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
- Lind, J.R. (March 17, 2016). "Scott Hamilton: The Gold Medalist". Nashville Scene. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- Kumar, Anugrah (January 28, 2012). "How Olympic Gold Medalist Scott Hamilton Found Jesus". Christian Post.
- "Scott Hamilton". WebMD Biography. WebMD. 2012. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- Longman, Jere (September 16, 1997). "Figure Skating; His Cancer in Remission, Hamilton Is Back on Ice". New York Times. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- Slat, Libby (January 15, 1998). "Scott Hamilton Leads With His Heart: The Skater and His 'Stars on Ice' Get a Feeling for Expressing Emotions". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- "How To Skate on Thin Ice". Ability Magazine. 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
- Oh, Eunice (June 24, 2010). "Scott Hamilton Resting Comfortably after Brain Surgery". People.
- Benet, Lorenzo (November 26, 2010). "Scott Hamilton Bouncing Back After Brain Surgery, Aneurysm". People.
- Nelson, Jeff. "Olympic Skater Scott Hamilton Facing Third Brain Tumor Diagnosis: 'I Choose to Celebrate Life'". PEOPLE. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- "After Months Of Rumors, Olympian Skater Scott Hamilton Finally Breaks His Silence". Qpolitical. Archived from the original on 2018-02-25.
- "Scott Hamilton headlines Taylors Free Medical Clinic". Greer Today. May 19, 2012. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- "The Make-A-Wish Foundation". Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, New York. February 20, 2002. p. 94. Retrieved 2018-02-12.
Make-A-Wish Foundation.... 1990: First Celebrity Wish Grantor of the Year Award is given to Olympic gold medalist skater Scott Hamilton
- "Hamilton helping others beat cancer". ESPN. Associated Press. February 14, 2000. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
- "Special Olympics Ambassadors" (PDF). Special Olympics Annual Report 2012. p. 42.
- "Honorary Board". Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation. Retrieved February 15, 2008.
- AP (October 16, 2012). "Olympic figure skater campaigns for Romney in NH". Boston.com.
- People Staff (2015-11-14). "Olympic Gold Medalist Scott Hamilton Talks About Life and Lessons – Beating Cancer, Adopting Kids from Haiti and Applauding Donald Trump". People.
- Graham Bensinger (2017-01-11). "Scott Hamilton: I bonded with Trump over hair loss". YouTube.
- Hamilton, Scott; Ken Baker (2008). The Great Eight: How to Be Happy (Even When You Have Every Reason to Be Miserable). Thomas Nelson. ISBN 978-0-7852-2894-3.
- Hamilton, Scott; Lorenzo Benet (1999). Landing It: My Life On and Off the Ice. Kensington Books. ISBN 1-57566-466-6.
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