Scott Miller (entrepreneur)

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Scott Miller
Born 1961 (age 55–56)
Nationality American
Occupation Entrepreneur
Known for Apogee Software

Scott Miller (born 1961 in Florida)[1] is an American entrepreneur best known for founding Apogee Software, Ltd. (dba 3D Realms Entertainment) in 1987. Miller is noted in the industry for his integration of marketing and gameplay hooks within a game's central concept and design.


Growing up, Miller lived with his father, Boyd Miller, an engineer at NASA who worked on the Apollo and Gemini programs.[1] Miller began writing video games in 1975 on a Wang 2200[2] while living in Australia. He wrote several DOS games that circulated widely on BBS file bases: Computer Quiz, Astronomy Quiz, BASIC Quiz, Beyond the Titanic, Supernova, Kingdom of Kroz, Word Whiz, Trek Trivia. Miller started as game programmer, but now handled primary business duties of 3D Realms, as well as producing and co-designing all third-party games associated with the company, including Wolfenstein 3D, Raptor: Call of the Shadows, Terminal Velocity, Max Payne and Prey.

He pioneered the shareware method of game distribution where one episode of a game is released freely through digital distribution, and the follow-up episodes are sold through the company. In effect, the free episode is the carrot-on-a-stick; an advertisement to purchase the remaining, commercial episodes. Kingdom of Kroz, in 1987, was the first game to use this method, which Miller refers to as the "Apogee Model." Upon success with this model with the seven Kroz episodes, Miller left his full-time job in early 1990s and devoted full efforts into growing Apogee. It was at this time that Miller contacted key members at Softdisk (a monthly software magazine delivered on floppy disks to subscribers) who later formed id Software, and convinced them to make Commander Keen as a shareware game to be released through Apogee, which proved to be an outstanding success, and led id Software to become an independent studio. Miller was later instrumental in the formation of Gathering of Developers in 1998, a new publisher created with the aid of several leading game studios, and later sold to Take-Two Interactive. He later helped found the Radar Group.

Miller was also a professional industry writer in the 1980s, having co-authored a book on video games, Shootout: Zap the Video Games, and writing a weekly column for The Dallas Morning News for four years (1982-1985), titled "Video Vision", and later changed to "Computer Fun". He has also written for COMPUTE!'s PC and PCjr and other now defunct national game industry magazines. He also authors one of the industry's leading blogs,, where his views show him to be a strong proponent of studio independence, and of studios and publishers creating original brands rather than licensing brands from other media sources.

GameSpot once named him as number 14 in their listing of the Most Influential People in Computer Gaming of All Time.[3] In 1997, Computer Gaming World ranked him as number 14 on the list of the Most Influential People of All Time in computer gaming for originating the shareware model.[4]

Miller is an outspoken atheist who regularly posts about his views on religion and humanity on his Facebook profile.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Edwards, B. (2009, August 20). 20 Years of Evolution: Scott Miller and 3D Realms. Gamasutra
  2. ^ "Scott Miller, Chief Creative Officer". Retrieved July 11, 2013. 
  3. ^ Number 14:Scott Miller - The Most Influential People in Computer Gaming of All Time - Gamespot at the Wayback Machine (archived May 16, 2008)
  4. ^ CGW 159: The Most Influential People in Computer Gaming
  5. ^ Miller, Scott. "Scott Miller". Facebook. 

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