Scott Pruitt

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Scott Pruitt
Scott Pruitt official portrait.jpg
14th Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
Assumed office
February 17, 2017
President Donald Trump
Deputy Mike Flynn (Acting)
Preceded by Gina McCarthy
17th Attorney General of Oklahoma
In office
January 10, 2011 – February 17, 2017
Governor Mary Fallin
Preceded by Drew Edmondson
Succeeded by Mike Hunter
Member of the Oklahoma Senate
from the 36th district
In office
2003–2007
Preceded by Redistricted
Succeeded by Bill Brown
Member of the Oklahoma Senate
from the 54th district
In office
1999–2003
Preceded by Ged Wright
Succeeded by Redistricted
Personal details
Born Edward Scott Pruitt[1]
(1968-05-09) May 9, 1968 (age 49)
Danville, Kentucky, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Marlyn Pruitt (1992–present)
Children 2
Education Georgetown College (BA)
University of Tulsa (JD)

Edward Scott Pruitt (born May 9, 1968) is an American lawyer and Republican politician from the state of Oklahoma who is currently the fourteenth Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Nominated for the position by President Donald Trump, Pruitt was confirmed by the United States Senate to lead the EPA on February 17, 2017.

Pruitt represented Tulsa and Wagoner Counties in the Oklahoma Senate from 1998 until 2006. In 2010, Pruitt was elected Attorney General of Oklahoma. In that role, he was viewed as a proponent of federalism, supporting religious freedom laws and opposing abortion rights, same-sex marriage, the Affordable Care Act, and environmental regulations as a self-described "leading advocate against the EPA's activist agenda."[2] In his campaigns for Oklahoma Attorney General, Pruitt received campaign contributions from the fossil fuel industry. As Oklahoma's Attorney General, Pruitt sued the Environmental Protection Agency at least 14 times regarding the agency's actions.[3][4] In 2012, Pruitt was elected as chairman of the Republican Attorneys General Association, and re-elected for a second term in February 2013.[5][6]

Pruitt rejects the scientific consensus that human activities are a primary contributor to climate change and that carbon dioxide is the primary contributor.[3][7][8][9]

Early life[edit]

Pruitt was born in 1968 in Danville, Kentucky, but moved to Lexington as a boy. He was a football and baseball player at Lafayette, earning a baseball scholarship to the University of Kentucky, where he played second base. After a year, he attended Georgetown College in Kentucky and graduated in 1990 with bachelor's degrees in political science and communications.[10] He then moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma where he attended the University of Tulsa and earned a Juris Doctor in 1993.[11]

Law and business career[edit]

Pruitt entered into private practice in Tulsa where he specialized in constitutional law, contracts, insurance law, labor law, and litigation and appeals.[12]

From 2003 until he was elected Attorney General of Oklahoma in 2010, Pruitt was co-owner and the managing general partner of the Oklahoma RedHawks, a AAA minor league baseball team. Pruitt has said that, while he was the owner, the team "regularly rated among the league's leaders in attendance and merchandise sales."[13]

Early political career[edit]

Oklahoma State Senate[edit]

Pruitt's official photo as a state senator

After five years as an attorney, Pruitt was elected to the Oklahoma Senate in 1998, representing Tulsa and Wagoner Counties.[14] After two years in the Senate, Pruitt was selected to serve as the Republican whip from 2001 to 2003. He was then selected to serve as the Republican Assistant Floor Leader, a position he held until he left the Senate in 2006.[12] During that time he also sat as the chair of a task force for the American Legislative Exchange Council.[15]

2001 U.S. House campaign[edit]

Pruitt, while a freshman state legislator, sought his party's nomination to succeed Steve Largent as the representative for Oklahoma's 1st congressional district in 2001. Largent, who had resigned to run for Governor of Oklahoma, would be replaced by special election rather than by gubernatorial appointment. Two other main candidates emerged for the job, including sitting State Representative John A. Sullivan, the eventual winner, and Cathy Keating, the wife of then-Governor Frank Keating. Pruitt came in third behind Sullivan and Keating.[16]

2006 Lieutenant Governor campaign[edit]

Pruitt sought the Republican nomination to replace outgoing Republican Mary Fallin as Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma in the 2006 lieutenant gubernatorial election. In the primary election, Pruitt faced Nancy Riley and Speaker of the House Todd Hiett. In the primary election on July 25, 2006, Pruitt received 34% of the vote, Riley received 23%, and Hiett received 43%. Pruitt, pursuant to Oklahoma state law, had to face Hiett in a runoff election in order to receive the party's nomination. Pruitt was defeated by Hiett by less than one percent in the run-off primary.[17]

Oklahoma Attorney General[edit]

2010 election[edit]

In 2010, Pruitt ran for the position of Attorney General of Oklahoma. He won the Republican primary on July 27, 2010, with 56.05% of the vote, defeating Ryan Leonard, a former state prosecutor in Canadian County and former senior aide to former U.S. Senator Don Nickles.[18] Pruitt went on to defeat the Democratic nominee, Oklahoma City defense attorney Jim Priest, in the November 2, 2010, general election with 65.11% of the vote.[19]

2014 election[edit]

Pruitt ran unopposed in both the primary and general elections.[20]

Tenure[edit]

After winning election, Pruitt dissolved the Environmental Protection Unit in the Attorney General's office.[21][22][23] He stated a desire to increase operational efficiency and shifted the attorneys responsible for environmental protection to the Attorney General's Public Protection Unit and the Solicitor General's Unit. Pruitt stated that "the Oklahoma Department of Environmental Quality – not the Office of Attorney General – has primary responsibility for implementing and enforcing environmental laws in Oklahoma."[24]

Pruitt instead created a "Federalism Unit" in the Attorney General's office dedicated to fighting President Barack Obama's regulatory agenda and suing the administration over its immigration policy, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, and the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.[25]

Pruitt speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in Washington, D.C.

Pruitt's office sued the EPA to block its Clean Power Plan and Waters of the United States rule.[25] Pruitt also sued the EPA on behalf of Oklahoma utilities unwilling to take on the burdens of additional regulation of their coal-fired plants, and criticized the agency in a congressional hearing.[26][27] As of June 2014, all of Pruitt's lawsuits against the EPA had failed.[28] By January 2017, Pruitt had sued the EPA 13 times.[29]

Pruitt was successful in raising campaign contributions from the energy industry, helping him to become chairman of the Republican Attorneys General Association.[30] The oil and gas industry contributed over $300,000 to Pruitt's campaigns over the years.[31]

In 2012, Pruitt kept Oklahoma out of the mortgage settlement reached by 49 other states with five national lenders, with Pruitt citing differing philosophies of government.[32]

In 2013, Pruitt brought a lawsuit targeting the Affordable Care Act.[33]

In 2013, Pruitt supported the Oklahoma legislature's bid to join four other states trying to restrict medical abortions by limiting or banning off-label uses of drugs, via House Bill 1970. After the state Supreme Court upheld a lower court's ruling that the abortion law was unconstitutional, Pruitt requested that the United States Supreme Court review the case. Pruitt was unhappy with the United States Supreme Court's rejection of the Oklahoma case.[34][35]

In June 2013, Pruitt maintained that the Supreme Court's decision to strike down a provision of DOMA, a federal law that denied federal benefits to homosexual married couples did not affect Oklahoma's laws on the subject.[36]

Pruitt expressed his dissatisfaction when a federal court ruled that Oklahoma's voter-approved amendment in 2004 to the Oklahoma State Constitution that defined marriage as only the union of one man and one woman was a violation of the U.S. Constitution in 2014.[37] In October 2014, Pruitt criticized the Supreme Court's refusal to hear Oklahoma's appeal in the definition of marriage case.[38]

On March 6, 2014, Pruitt joined a lawsuit targeting California's prohibition on the sale of eggs laid by caged hens kept in conditions more restrictive than those approved by California voters. Less than a week later, Pruitt announced that he would investigate the Humane Society of the United States, one of the principal proponents of the California law.[39][40] In October 2014, a California judge dismissed the lawsuit, rejecting the arguments of Pruitt and the other attorneys-general concerning California's Proposition 2, a 2008 ballot initiative. Judge Kimberly Mueller ruled that Oklahoma and the other states lacked legal standing to sue on behalf of their residents and that Pruitt and other plaintiffs were representing the interests of egg farmers, rather than "a substantial statement of their populations."[41][42][43]

On September 9, 2014, in Pruitt v. Burwell, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma ruled against the IRS.[44]

In November 2014, after the Oklahoma Supreme Court blocked the enforcement of two abortion-related laws until after their constitutionality was litigated (which could take up to a year or more), Pruitt's office communicated the Attorney General's intention to support their implementation and enforcement.[45][46]

In 2013, Harold Hamm, CEO of Continental Resources, co-chaired Pruitt's reelection campaign.[30] Pruitt ran unopposed in the 2014 primary election and won the November 2014 election for a new term as Attorney General.[47] Pruitt then jointly filed a lawsuit against a federal regulation alongside the Oklahoma Gas & Electric and an energy industry group funded by Hamm.[30]

On December 7, 2014, The New York Times published a front-page story highlighting that Pruitt had used his office's stationery to send form letters written by energy industry lobbyists to federal agencies during public comment.[48]

In April 2015, Pruitt wrote a letter to school superintendents stating that schools can lawfully allow the dissemination of religious literature on campus.[49]

In April 2014, an Oklahoma trial court found the state's execution drug supply law was unconstitutional, and after the Oklahoma Court of Criminal Appeals refused to order a stop to executions, the Oklahoma Supreme Court did.[50] Pruitt then filed a motion arguing that the Supreme Court was acting outside its authority, complaining it was causing a "constitutional crisis".[51] After the Supreme Court refused Pruitt's motion, Governor Mary Fallin faced conflicting court orders, so she issued a declaration rejecting the Supreme Court's authority and scheduling executions.[50] After the state then botched the execution of Clayton Lockett, and the U.S. Supreme Court's subsequently approved of Oklahoma's method in Glossip v. Gross, Pruitt asked to delay all scheduled executions in Oklahoma upon discovering executioners had accidentally used the wrong drug in a lethal injection.[52]

After the organization Oklahomans for Health collected the legally required number of signatures for a referendum ballot on the legalization of medical marijuana, in August 2016, Pruitt's office moved to rewrite the ballot title, but not in time for the November 2016 election. The measure will appear on the 2018 ballot.[53][54]

In February 2017, Pruitt was ordered by the Oklahoma District Court to release thousands of emails of communication with fossil fuel industries in order to comply with Freedom of Information Act requests filed over a two-year period by the liberal watchdog group Center for Media and Democracy.[31]

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency[edit]

Nomination and confirmation[edit]

Pruitt on January 4, 2017, during the transition period.

On December 7, 2016, President-elect Donald Trump announced his intention to nominate Pruitt as the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.[55] The nomination was reviewed during hearings held by the members of the Environment and Public Works Committee,[56] then referred to the full Senate for a vote.

In a statement explaining the decision to nominate Pruitt, President-elect Trump said that the EPA had an "anti-energy agenda that has destroyed millions of jobs" and that Pruitt, "the highly respected Attorney General from the state of Oklahoma, will reverse this trend and restore the EPA’s essential mission of keeping our air and our water clean and safe."[57] In response to the nomination, Pruitt said, "I intend to run this agency in a way that fosters both responsible protection of the environment and freedom for American businesses."[57] Following Pruitt's nomination hearing, Senator John Barrasso stated that "Mr. Pruitt answered significantly more questions than any past EPA administrator has. He has been comprehensively vetted and has demonstrated his qualifications to lead the EPA."[58] Also in January 2017, West Virginia Attorney General Patrick Morrisey, who worked with Pruitt on multiple cases, said of Pruitt that "[he] cares passionately about the rule of law" and that "[a]ll the actions he's been involved in are rooted in the firm belief that what the administration was doing was unlawful."[59] Writing on their website, the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) said, "President-elect Trump has vowed to bring 'honesty, accountability and change to Washington.' General Pruitt's record of accomplishment suggests that he will bring those very same qualities to EPA."[60]

As a result of Pruitt's criticism as Oklahoma Attorney General of the organization that he would be expected to administer, Gene Karpinski, the president of the League of Conservation Voters, described the nomination as being "like the fox guarding the henhouse ... Time and again, he has fought to pad the profits of Big Polluters at the expense of public health."[61] Ken Kimmell, president of the Union of Concerned Scientists, has said, "Pruitt's record gives us no reason to believe that he will vigorously hold polluters accountable or enforce the law ... everything we do know makes it clear that he can't and won't do the job."[62] 447 former EPA employees penned a joint letter to oppose Pruitt's nomination, arguing that his lawsuits against the EPA "strongly suggest that he does not share the vision or agree with the underlying principles of our environmental laws", and that they believed that he had not "put the public's welfare ahead of private interests".[63]

Senate Democrats unsuccessfully attempted to delay a vote until after the release of a batch of emails that had been ordered by an Oklahoma judge.[64] On February 17, 2017, the Senate confirmed Pruitt, by a vote of 52–46, to be the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.[65][66] The vote was mostly along party lines, with Republican Susan Collins voting against, and Democrats Joe Manchin and Heidi Heitkamp voting in favor (Republican John McCain and Democrat Joe Donnelly did not vote).[67] Pruitt was sworn in the same day by Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito.[68]

Following Pruitt's confirmation, The Guardian reported that emails and other records released by the Oklahoma attorney general's office showed "a cosy relationship between Pruitt and the American Legislative Exchange Council [...] and other lobby groups sponsored by the Koch brothers." Released documents showed that while serving as Oklahoma attorney general, Pruitt "acted in close concert with oil and gas companies to challenge environmental regulations, even putting his letterhead to a complaint filed by one firm, Devon Energy." Emails showed that American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers "provided Pruitt's office with template language to oppose ozone limits and the renewable fuel standard program in 2013."[64]

Tenure[edit]

Administrator Pruitt speaking in February 2017 at the Conservative Political Action Conference.

On March 9, 2017, in an interview on CNBC's Squawk Box, Pruit stated that he "would not agree that" carbon dioxide is "a primary contributor to the global warming that we see" backing up his claim by stating that "measuring with precision human activity on the climate is something very challenging to do and there's tremendous disagreement about the degree of impact."[69] This was in direct contradiction with EPA's public stance that was published on their official website which stated: "Carbon dioxide is the primary greenhouse gas that is contributing to recent climate change".[70] By April 28—the day before the climate change mass protests—EPA announced that the website "would be 'undergoing changes' to better represent the new direction the agency is taking" which included "the removal of several agency websites containing detailed climate data and scientific information" including the site that "had been cited to challenge Pruitt's Squawk Box statements.[71] A March 9 analysis by fact-checking website Snopes.com found that "Pruitt's statements to CNBC are misrepresentative of the scientific consensus on carbon dioxide's role as a greenhouse gas — a consensus that has essentially existed for more than a century."[72] The Atlantic had published an article on the same day, pointing out that in 2007, the United States Supreme Court had acknowledged the link between carbon dioxide and global warming—in 2013 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated the probability of carbon dioxide causing global warming was at least 95%.[73]

Pruitt's chosen deputy, chief of staff, and deputy chief of staff are all former members of Senator Jim Inhofe's (R-OK) staff.[74] Pruitt picked Washington statehouse senators Don Benton and Doug Ericksen to be, respectively, a White House liaison and a regional administrator.[74] The President's first budget instructs Pruitt to cut the agency's budget by 24% and reduce its 15,000 employees by 20%.[74]

On March 28, 2017, President Trump signed an executive order directing Pruitt to rescind the Clean Power Plan.[75] Pruitt has refused to rescind EPA's endangerment finding which determined that carbon dioxide emissions threaten public health, prompting criticism from some conservatives.[76]

On April 28, 2017, Pruitt fired scientists from the agency's 18-member Board of Scientific Counselors, indicating he intends to replace them with industry representatives.[77] Ryan Jackson, Pruitt's chief of staff, then asked the Scientific Counselors Board's chair to change testimony she had submitted before a May 23 hearing of the House Science Committee, causing her to complain she felt "bullied."[78][79][80]

On June 27, 2017, Pruitt released his proposal to rescind the Clean Water Rule.[81]

On June 29, 2017, Pruitt attended a board meeting of the American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, and told them that he will have researchers publicly debate the human role in climate change, adopting Steven E. Koonin's suggestion to hold a "red team blue team" exercise.[82]

Chlorpyrifos ban[edit]

On March 29, 2017 Pruitt denied an administrative petition by the Natural Resources Defense Council and the Pesticide Action Network North America to ban chlorpyrifos, explaining "we are returning to using sound science in decision-making – rather than predetermined results".[83] On April 5, 2017, Earthjustice sued the EPA, again demanding that the pesticide be banned.[84]

The American Academy of Pediatrics responded to the administration's decision, saying they were "deeply alarmed" by Pruitt's decision to allow the pesticide's continued use.[85]

Asked in April whether he had met with Dow Chemical Company executives or lobbyists before his decision, an EPA spokesman replied: "We have had no meetings with Dow on this topic." In June, after several Freedom of Information Act requests, the EPA released a copy of Pruitt's March meeting schedule which showed that a meeting had been scheduled with Dow CEO Andrew Liveris at a hotel in Houston, Texas, on March 9.[85]

Methane rule[edit]

On March 22, 2017, Pruitt had dinner at the Washington Trump International Hotel with 45 board members of the American Petroleum Institute, where they asked for relief from a new regulation of methane leaks from their wells.[86] On June 13, Pruitt ordered the rule delayed for two years.[86] On July 3, Judges David S. Tatel and Robert L. Wilkins of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated that delay, finding Pruitt's order was "arbitrary" and "capricious" and in violation of the Clean Air Act, over the dissent of Judge Janice Rogers Brown.[87][88]

Environmental views[edit]

Rejection of the scientific consensus on climate change[edit]

Pruitt rejects the scientific consensus on climate change.[89][90][9][91] Pruitt has also falsely asserted that there is no scientific consensus on climate change.[92][30][93][94] During his January 18, 2017, confirmation hearing to be EPA Administrator, he said that "the climate is changing, and human activity contributes to that in some manner".[95] In March 2017, Pruitt said that he does not believe that human activities, specifically carbon dioxide emissions, are a primary contributor to climate change, a view which is in contradiction with the scientific consensus.[69][96] On June 2, 2017, Pruitt acknowledged that global warming is occurring, and that "human activity contributes to it in some manner." However he added "Measuring with precision, from my perspective, the degree of human contribution is very challenging."[97]

In May 2016, Pruitt and Luther Strange authored an op-ed in the National Review criticizing other state attorneys general for "acting like George III" regarding the ExxonMobil climate change controversy, writing "...global warming has inspired one of the major policy debates of our time. That debate is far from settled. Scientists continue to disagree about the degree and extent of global warming and its connection to the actions of mankind. That debate should be encouraged — in classrooms, public forums, and the halls of Congress. It should not be silenced with threats of prosecution. Dissent is not a crime."[98] Additionally, Pruitt joined 12 other Republican attorneys general in writing a letter that stated that "If it is possible to minimize the risks of climate change, then the same goes for exaggeration. If minimization is fraud, exaggeration is fraud."[99]

A May 2017 study in Nature Scientific Reports examined Pruitt's claim that "over the past two decades satellite data indicates there has been a leveling off of warming."[100][101] The study found that the claim was false: "Satellite temperature measurements do not support the claim of a “leveling off of warming” over the past two decades".[100]

Paris Agreement[edit]

Pruitt opposes the Paris Agreement.[102] He has asserted that China and India have "no obligations" until 2030 under the Paris Agreement, an assertion deemed false by the Washington Post and FactCheck.org.[102][103]

Lawsuits against the Environmental Protection Agency[edit]

Pruitt has described himself as "a leading advocate against the EPA’s activist agenda."[25] Upon taking office as Oklahoma Attorney General, Pruitt established a "federalism unit" to fight "unwarranted regulation and systematic overreach" by the federal government, a first-of-its-kind.[104] Andrew Miller, a former Democratic attorney general of Virginia who later represented energy companies, recalling a meeting in 2013 with Pruitt and other attorneys general, stated that "[t]he issue of the day was discussed in a way that allowed Attorney General Pruitt, to his credit, to emerge as one of the leaders, if not the leader with respect to energy issues among the attorneys general."[59]

As Oklahoma Attorney General, Pruitt sued the EPA at least 14 times. Regulated industry companies or trade associations who were financial donors to Pruitt's political causes were co-parties in 13 of these 14 cases. These cases included suing to block the anti-climate change Clean Power Plan four times, challenging mercury pollution limits twice, ozone pollution limits once, fighting the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule and the Clean Water Rule,[105] as well as fighting regulations on methane emissions.[25] Pruitt stated at his Senate confirmation hearing in January 2017 that the EPA has an "obligation" to regulate carbon dioxide in accordance with a 2007 Supreme Court case and 2009 EPA decision establishing carbon emissions as a threat to public health.[106]

Under Pruitt, Oklahoma sued the EPA and lost on challenges to the EPA’s regulatory authority over mercury and other toxins, as well as pollutants responsible for creating regional atmospheric haze. It challenged the manner in which EPA sued unrelated entities and for what Pruitt termed the agency's "sue and settle" practices. Oklahoma further sued and lost after the EPA declined to provide extensive records in a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit, a request the federal judge hearing the case found to be overly broad and economically burdensome.[107]

Personal life[edit]

Pruitt married his wife, Marilyn, in 1992. They have two children: daughter McKenna and son Cade.[108]

Pruitt is Southern Baptist. According to the Oklahoma Office of Attorney General, the Pruitts are members of the First Baptist Church of Broken Arrow, where Pruitt serves as deacon.[109] Pruitt was also a trustee at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary.[110]

Electoral history[edit]

November 4, 2014, general election results for Attorney General

Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party n/a 100.00%

November 2, 2010, general election results for Attorney General

Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 666,407 65.11%
Jim Priest Democratic Party 357,162 34.89%

July 27, 2010, Republican primary election results for Attorney General

Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 134,335 56.05%
Ryan Leonard Republican Party 105,343 43.95%
August 22, 2006 Republican primary election results for Lt. Governor
Candidates Party Votes %
Todd Hiett Republican Party 66,220 50.92%
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 63,817 49.08%
Source:[111]
July 25, 2006 Republican primary election results for Lt. Governor
Candidates Party Votes %
Todd Hiett Republican Party 76,634 42.82%
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 60,367 33.73%
Nancy Riley Republican Party 41,984 23.46%
Source:[112]

November 5, 2002, general election results for Oklahoma Senate, District 54

Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party n/a 100.00%
December 11, 2001, special election results for United States House of Representatives, District 1
Candidates Party Votes %
John Sullivan Republican Party 19,018 45.53%
Cathy Keating Republican Party 12,736 30.49%
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 9,513 22.77%
George E. Banasky Republican Party 296 0.71%
Evelyn R. Rogers Republican Party 210 0.50%
Source:[113]

November 3, 1998, general election results for Oklahoma Senate, District 54

Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 9,971 63.51%
Shannon Clark Democratic Party 5,728 36.49%
Source:[114]
September 5, 1998, Republican runoff election results for Oklahoma Senate, District 54
Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 2,326 56.33%
Gerald Wright Republican Party 1,803 43.67%
Source:[12]
August 25, 1998, Republican primary election results for Oklahoma Senate, District 54
Candidates Party Votes %
Scott Pruitt Republican Party 1,959 48.94%
Gerald Wright Republican Party 1,820 45.47%
Douglas E. Meehan Republican Party 224 5.59%
Source:[115]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Drew Edmondson
Attorney General of Oklahoma
2011–2017
Succeeded by
Cara Rodriguez
Acting
Political offices
Preceded by
Gina McCarthy
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
2017–present
Incumbent