|Born||Scott Anthony Rush
3 October 1985
|Other names||Member of the Bali Nine|
|Criminal penalty||Life imprisonment|
|Conviction(s)||Drug trafficking (2006)|
|Imprisoned at||Karangasem, Bali, Indonesia|
Scott Anthony Rush (born 3 October 1985), an Australian former labourer, was convicted in Indonesia for drug trafficking as a member of the Bali Nine. In 2005, on his first trip to Bali, Rush was arrested at Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar with 1.3 kg (2.9 lb) of heroin concealed on his body. After a criminal trial, on 13 February 2006, Rush was sentenced to life imprisonment. After appealing against the severity of the sentence, in a surprise outcome handed down by the Bali High Court on 6 September 2006, Rush's sentence was changed to the death penalty. On 10 May 2011, Rush's death sentence was reduced to life imprisonment on appeal to the Indonesian Supreme Court.
Rush grew up in Chelmer, a western riverside suburb of Brisbane. Following his arrest, conviction and sentencing, it was revealed that Rush had been expelled from Brisbane's St Laurence's College during his Year 10 studies for an incident involving drugs. It was reported that Rush then moved to another Brisbane school, Marist College Rosalie, from whence he graduated in 2002. Media reports claim that Rush was using cannabis at the age of 15 and has used ecstasy and prescription drugs. Further information released following his sentencing, state that in December 2004 Rush pleaded guilty at Inala Magistrates' Court to 16 offences, including drug possession, fraud, theft and drink-driving. A warrant for his arrest in Australia was outstanding at the time of his trip to Bali, relating to A$4,796.95 stolen from an Australian bank.
Alleged trafficking conspiracy
According to media reports, Rush and his Brisbane friend, Michael Czugaj, met Tan Duc Thanh Nguyen in a Fortitude Valley hotel. Nguyen offered them both a free holiday to Bali, with one media report also stating that Rush was provided a mobile phone prior to his departure from Sydney. Rush, aged 19, and Czugaj, aged 18, arrived in Bali on 8 April 2005 and checked into Hotel Aneka, the same hotel used by Indonesian police for their surveillance. According to claims made in his defence by Rush's lawyer, Nguyen introduced both Rush and Czugaj to alleged co-ringleaders of the smuggling operation, Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran at the Hard Rock Hotel in Bali. Allegedly, Chan and Sukumaran threatened both Rush and Czugaj, ordering them to carry concealed goods, or that their families would be killed.
Arrest in Indonesia
Rush was arrested by Indonesian police on 17 April 2005 at Ngurah Rai International Airport in Denpasar, Bali. Heroin weighing 1.3 kg (2.9 lb) was discovered strapped to his legs concealed underneath his clothing. Czugaj, Renae Lawrence and Martin Stephens were arrested at the same time as Rush. On 20 April 2005, graphic footage of the arrests and subsequent police questioning of Rush and other members of the Bali Nine was aired on Australian television.
On the same day that Rush was arrested, Indonesian police also arrested Si Yi Chen, Nguyen, Sukumaran and Matthew Norman at the Melasti Hotel in Kuta. Alleged co-ringleader, Andrew Chan was also arrested the same day whilst seated on an Australian Airlines flight waiting to depart Denpasar for Sydney. At the time Chan was arrested, he was carrying three mobile phones and a boarding pass. No drugs were found in his possession.
Criticism of Australian Federal Police tipoff
|Wikinews has related news: Bali Nine refused access to federal police files|
Lee Rush, the father of Scott Rush, said that the Australian Federal Police (AFP) were contacted, on behalf of Rush senior, prior to Rush's departure from Australia and before the commission of the offence. Rush senior feared that his son was travelling to Bali and would commit a drug-related crime. Rush senior claims then to have received assurances from the AFP that they would tell his son he was under surveillance to dissuade him from going through with the crime before the group's departure from Indonesia. Scott Rush's lawyers said he was never contacted. It was revealed that the AFP alerted Indonesian police that a crime was to be committed approximately two weeks before the arrests, and had commenced an investigation about ten weeks prior to the arrests. When the Bali Nine were arrested, the news of the tipoff became public and there was criticism of the role of the AFP in protecting the interests of Australian citizens. Commenting on the matter at the time, AFP Commissioner Mick Keelty was reported as saying:
"One of the things we've got to remember is that we operate within our criminal-justice system here in Australia, and if we only co-operated with countries that had the same criminal-justice system, then our co-operation wouldn't extend very far beyond Australia. We have to work with the systems that operate in other countries, and to a large degree this has been successful, certainly in terms of heroin trafficking."
Rush took action in the Federal Court of Australia against the AFP for breach of the bilateral treaty between Indonesia and Australia when information was handed by the AFP to the Indonesians. Rush's case claimed that such information should only be released by the Attorney-General. However, the Commonwealth Government maintained that the treaty only applies after a suspect is charged. The application was dismissed by the Federal Court in January 2006.
"I was informed at 1.30 in the morning that Scott would be spoken to and asked not to board the flight to Bali. It wasn't until about mid-morning that I received a call from Bob and a distressed tone in his voice he said, 'Mate, we could not stop him, they have let him go through and he's on his way to Bali'. Under no circumstances do I condone the trafficking of drugs - I particularly dislike drugs of any nature, always have. When I received a call from the Australian Government authorities that Scott had been detained in Indonesia for attempting to export heroin, I was speechless, sickened to the gut." ...... "I feel very let down by our Australian Federal Police - we tried to lawfully stop our son leaving the country, it wasn't done."
Criminal trials for the accused commenced in the Denpasar District Court on 11 October 2005. Chen, Nguyen, and Norman were tried together, with Czugaj being one of the remaining six defendants tried separately. When asked why he chose to travel to Bali on a paid holiday, Rush replied "Basically that he (Nguyen) didn't have anyone to come to Bali with him." Nguyen refused to testify. Rush also claimed that when he met Chan, threats were made against his family:
"The threat made me very frightened, and we were forced to follow whatever they told us to do. I had no opportunity to be away and escape from the threat as I love my family and my mother and my father."
— Rush, quoted on ABC TV's Australian Story, February 2006.
Czugaj confirmed Rush's account of events as being true. Czugaj testified that he and Rush had never met Lawrence or Stephens, both since convicted and of New South Wales, until they were all arrested together at Ngurah Rai Airport. Rush told the court Chan told him:
"You do as I say, don't mess around with me. I've got a gun with me and I could kill you. If I wanted to, I could kill you right now."
— Rush quoting Andrew Chan, testifying before the Denpasar District Court, December 2005.
Chan protested his innocence, saying before the court, "A lot of lies have been set against me, but the true reality is I'm not what people put me out to be. I've never threatened anybody in my life." During court proceedings, Rush initially refused to handle strapping material admitted as evidence, saying "No, no", before agreeing to handle the evidence after being urged to by the judge.
Sentencing and appeal
|Wikinews has related news: Bali Nine ringleaders sentenced to death|
During his final plea to judges, Rush said:
"I hope this will be a lesson for everyone, especially my people in Australia, not to believe other people that you do not know well."
— Rush, quoted in his final plea prior to his sentencing, February 2006.
"We know he's guilty of it, but you know in Australia, the sentencing is totally different. All right, so he's in a different country and I suppose by rights, you should obey the laws of the country and you've got to accept what they say. But it's a bit harsh."
— Neil Urquhart, a friend of the Rush family, quoted following Rush's sentencing, February 2006.
On appeal on 6 September 2006, the Bali High Court imposed the death penalty in what many considered a surprising outcome for Rush.
On 10 May 2011, a judicial review of Rush's sentence via appeal to the Indonesian Supreme Court resulted in a reduction of his sentence to life imprisonment. The earliest date that he could be released from prison is unknown, and he has continued to serve his sentence in an Indonesian prison.
Serving his imprisonment in Indonesia, Rush receives A$125 per month under a prisoner loan scheme from the Australian Federal Government. On 7 May 2010, Rush was circumcised in the musholla of Kerobokan jail by an unauthorised visitor, without the prior knowledge or consent of the jail's doctors, in Rush's alleged effort to convert to Islam. Rush has since maintained that he is a Christian and that he underwent the circumcision for "health reasons," despite the jail being equipped for such surgery. Media reports claimed Rush's actions were symptoms of death row phenomenon.
In May 2011, there were media reports that Rush planned to marry his American girlfriend, Karen Hermiz. In mid 2014, he planned to marry a London banker who he met briefly before his arrest, Nikki Butler.
- Alford, Peter; Owens, Jared; Zumaidar, Emmy (12 May 2011). "Scott Rush spared death for a life in Bali jail". The Australian. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- "Bali Nine's Rush turns 21". The Age (Australia). AAP. 3 December 2006.
- "Bali nine pair jailed for life". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 13 February 2006.
- Forbes, Mark; Alexander, Harriet (6 September 2006). "Death sentences for four more Bali mules". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- "Rush committed 16 crimes: report". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 14 February 2006. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Palmer, Tim (10 October 2005). "Bali 9 documents lay out alleged conspiracy" (transcript). 7.30 Report (Australia). Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "Czugaj apologises as Bali Nine defence ends". The Age. AAP. 8 February 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- McMahon, Neil; Forbes, Mark (19 November 2005). "A crooked trail of greed and naivety". The Age. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Cornford, Philip (23 April 2005). "How the trap snapped shut". The Age. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "Third key member of Bali Nine identified". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 2 May 2005. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- "Graphic footage of alleged traffickers' police interview". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 20 April 2005. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- Jones, Caroline (13 February 2006). "Road to Kerobokan" (transcript). Australian Story. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
- Neighbour, Sally (27 August 2010). "How the AFP trapped the Bali Nine". The Australian. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- McKew, Maxine (18 April 2005). "9 Australians caught in Bali drug bust" (transcript). 7.30 Report (Australia). Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- Munro, Ian; Shiel, Fergus (20 April 2005). "Sydney or bust?". The Age. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- "AFP knew of drug plan for 10 weeks". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 18 April 2005. Retrieved 26 June 2011.
- Hoare, Daniel (July 2007). "Australian Exceptionalism: The Bali Nine and the future of the death penalty". The Monthly (Black Inc.). Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- "Bali drug accused allege AFP breach". ABC News (Australia). 7 October 2005. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Barlow, Karen (13 February 2006). "Rush family claim AFP assisted Indonesian authorities" (transcript). AM (Australia). Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- "Chan threatened to kill mules: families". The Age. 29 November 2005.
- "Rush re-enacts drug smuggling in court". The Age. AAP. 13 December 2005.
- Marshall, Steve (13 February 2006). "Renae Lawrence to learn fate" (transcript). AM (Australia).
- "Bali nine pair jailed for life". The Sydney Morning Herald. 13 February 2006.
- "Lawrence, Rush set to appeal life sentences". ABC News (Australia). 13 February 2006.
- Forbes, Mark (6 September 2006). "Execution shock for four of the Bali nine". The Age.
- "Bali Nine's Scott Rush avoids death penalty". Adelaide Now (Australia). 10 May 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Allard, Tom; Rosa, Amilia (11 May 2010). "Rush circumcised during clandestine Islamic ceremony". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Allard, Tom; Rosa, Amilia (12 May 2010). "'Anxiety' behind Rush circumcision". The Age.
- "Bali Nine lifer Scott Rush plans to marry girlfriend". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). 26 May 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- "Bali Nine drug courier Scott Rush falls in love with London banker Nikki Butler". news.com.au. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- "Bali Nine duo moved from Kerobokan jail after ‘violating rules’". news.com.au. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Scott Rush's personal website
- Jones, Caroline (13 February 2006). "Road to Kerobokan" (transcript). Australian Story.