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Critical writings have invoked references to Jean Genet, William S. Burroughs, Jack Pierson and Nan Goldin, in describing Treleaven's place in "a lineage of obdurate misfits". He attended the Etobicoke School of the Arts. Treleaven's drawings are included in the final segment of 'Outside the Lines' at the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, a major 2014 survey of contemporary abstraction.
Treleaven's first film Queercore: A Punk-u-mentary was produced in 1996, a documentary on the queercore scene in the 1990s.
In 2005 photographer/director Carter Smith approached Treleaven about adapting his published horror story, Bugcrush, into Smith's Sundance Film Festival award-winning short film. Director Steven Spielberg has openly lauded the film.
In March 2011, The Museum of Modern Art in New York (MOMA) featured a program of Treleaven's films as part of the Queer Cinema from the Collection: Today and Yesterday program, curated by artist AA Bronson and Joshua Siegel, Associate Curator, Department of Film, at The Museum of Modern Art.
Publications and Zines
Concurrent with the documentary Queercore: A Punk-u-mentary, Treleaven created an illustrated zine project called This Is The Salivation Army (1996–1999): a mix of punk, goth, occult, and industrial music aesthetics, alongside homages to iconoclasts like William S. Burroughs, Brion Gysin, William Blake, and Derek Jarman. The zine was a seeding ground for a variety of concepts and styles that would continue to appear in Treleaven's visual art. Books, zines and independently produced publications continue to be a recurring motif throughout his work.
In 2006 a book marking the 10th anniversary of the This Is The Salivation Army project was published by Printed Matter (NY) and Art Metropole (Toronto), containing an entire reprint of the zines alongside more recent drawings and collages.
Treleaven's contribution to artist publications was most recently acknowledged in the book, In Numbers: Serial Publications by Artists Since 1955 
- Last 7 Words (2009), actors: Genesis P-Orridge, soundtrack by Locrian (Terence Hannum & André Foisy)
- Silver (2006), actors: AA Bronson, soundtrack by Andrew Zealley
- Gold (2006), actors: Genesis P-Orridge and Lady Jaye Breyer P-Orridge, soundtrack by Andrew Zealley
- Bugcrush (2006), original story. Written and directed by Carter Smith
- Lustre (2005), actors: Massimo & Pierce of Black Sun Productions, soundtrack by Andrew Zealley
- The Salivation Army (2002), actors: Kevin Drew
- Beastboy (2002), actor: Andrew Cecil
- He Is the Boss Of Me (2001), video for The Hidden Cameras
- Queercore: A punk-u-mentary (1996)
- The Two Eyes Are Not Brothers, by Scott Treleaven, published by Kiddiepunk, Paris, 2011
- Passing Strange, by Scott Treleaven, published by Viafarini, Milan, 2009
- Collage: Assembling Contemporary Art, Black Dog Publishing, 2008, ISBN 1-906155-39-9
- Queer Zines, Printed Matter Inc., 2008, ISBN 978-0-89439-039-5
- Grey Book (catalogue), by Scott Treleaven, published by The Breeder gallery, Athens, 2008
- Some Boys Wander By Mistake (catalogue), by Scott Treleaven, with texts by Dennis Cooper, Terence Hannum, and Jack Pierson, co-published by Kavi Gupta Gallery, John Connelly Presents & Marc Selwyn Fine Art, 2007, ISBN 978-1-4243-4215-0
- Juicy Mother: How They Met, edited by Jennifer Camper, Manic D Press, 2007, ISBN 978-1-933149-20-2
- An Emerald Tablet, by Scott Treleaven, Friends of the High Line, NY, 2007
- The Salivation Army Black Book, by Scott Treleaven, Printed Matter Inc./Art Metropole, 2006, ISBN 0-89439-021-X
- Generation Hex (The Disinformation Company book)|Generation Hex, edited by Jason Louv, The Disinformation Company, 2005, ISBN 1-932857-20-6
- Queer Fear II, Michael Rowe, editor, Arsenal Pulp Press, 2002, ISBN 1-55152-122-9 (horror fiction collection featuring Treleaven's infamous short story 'Bugcrush')
- We want some too: Underground desire and the reinvention of mass culture, by Hal Niedzviecki, Penguin Putnam, 2000, ISBN 0-14-029172-5
- This Is The Salivation Army, issues 1-8, by Scott Treleaven, 1996 to 1999
- This Is The Salivation Army, issue 10, by Scott Treleaven, Art Gallery of York University, 2004 ('The Salivation Army' film is considered issue #9; issue 10 was an addition to This Is the Salivation Army zines in name only and not considered part of the original run)
- Artforum, Spring 2006
- Contemporary Arts Museum Houston
- Bouchard, Stephanie, "His life is in ‘Ruins’", Maine Today, 3 April, 2008 Archived 15 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Davies, Jon, "Images fest: GB Jones", Xtra, 27 Mar, 2008
- "Les presses du réel"
- An introduction to Scott Treleaven's visual art
- Scott Treleaven's artwork at Invisible-Exports gallery, New York
- Artwork by Scott Treleaven
- Genesis P-Orridge writing about Scott Treleaven
- "The Salivation Army Black Book"
- Official site of Scott Treleaven
- This Is The Salivation Army zine page at ZineWiki