Scottish Aviation Bulldog
|Scottish Aviation Bulldog, arriving at RIAT 2016|
|Role||Basic trainer with aerobatic capability|
|Manufacturer||Beagle Aircraft/Scottish Aviation|
|First flight||19 May 1969|
|Primary user||Royal Air Force|
|Developed from||Beagle Pup|
The prototype Bulldog flew on 19 May 1969 at Shoreham Airport. The first order for the type was for 78 from the Swedish Air Board. Before any production aircraft were built, Beagle Aircraft ceased trading and the production rights for the aircraft, with the Swedish order, were taken over by Scottish Aviation (Bulldog) Limited. All subsequent aircraft were built at Prestwick Airport by Scottish Aviation, and later by British Aerospace.
The first 58 aircraft (known as the SK 61A and SK 61B) were delivered to the Swedish Air Force in 1971. Twenty more aircraft were delivered to the Swedish Army as FPL 61C in 1972, although these were transferred to the Air Force in 1989 as SK 61C. By 2001 all the Swedish aircraft had been withdrawn from military service. 26 were bought in 2004 by the Hungarian company AVIA-Rent.
The largest customer was the Royal Air Force, which placed an order for 130 Bulldogs in 1972, entering service as the Bulldog T.1. It was used by the Royal Air Force as a basic trainer, in particular as the standard aircraft of the University Air Squadrons and, later, Air Experience Flights, providing flying training. The aircraft was also used by the Royal Navy for Elementary Flying Training (EFT) operating out of RAF Topcliffe.
Of the Swedish aircraft, 26 were bought in 2004 by the Hungarian company AVIA-Rent. When the RAF aircraft were sold on the civilian market in the early 2000s, the type's excellent visibility, robustness and aerobatic capability meant that they were enthusiastically taken up.
- Bulldog Series 1
- One prototype built by Beagle Aircraft (G-AXEH), one built by Scottish Aviation; now in the collection of the National Museum of Flight at East Fortune, East Lothian.
- Bulldog Series 100
- Model 101: Export model for Sweden. Swedish military designation SK 61 (AF) or FPL 61 (Army). 78 built.
- Model 102: Export model for Malaysia. 15 built.
- Model 103: Export model for Kenya. Five built.
- Model 104: Refurbished second prototype (G-AXIG)
- Model 121: Two-seat primary trainer aircraft for the Royal Air Force. RAF designation Bulldog T.1. 130 built, five later transferred to the Armed Forces of Malta.
- Model 122: Export model for Ghana. Six built.
- Model 122A: Export model for Ghana. Seven built.
- Model 123: Export model for Nigeria. 37 built.
- Model 124: Company demonstrator (G-ASAL). Used for weapons trials.
- Model 125: Export model for Jordan. 13 built.
- Model 125A: Export model for Royal Jordanian Air Force. Nine built.
- Model 126: Export model for Lebanon. Six built.
- Model 127: Export model for Kenya. Nine built.
- Model 128: Export model for Royal Hong Kong Auxiliary Air Force. Two built.
- Model 129: One aircraft for a civil customer in Venezuela (YV-375-CP).
- Model 130 : Export model for Botswana. Six built.
- Bulldog Series 200
- Four-seat variant with retractable undercarriage. One prototype built (G-BDOG). Also known as the Bullfinch in civilian guise.
Former military operators
Aircraft on display
- United Kingdom
- Bulldog 104 G-AXIG at National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland.
- Bulldog 125 G-BDIN at South Yorkshire Aircraft Museum.
- Bulldog T.1 XX634 at Newark Air Museum, Nottinghamshire.
- Bulldog T.1 XX654 at Royal Air Force Museum Cosford, Shropshire.
- Bulldog T.1 XX669 at South Yorkshire Aircraft Museum.
- Bulldog T.1 at 172 (Haywards Heath) Squadron Air Training Corps (Haywards Heath TA Centre), Sussex
Specifications (Bulldog Series 120)
Data from Bulldog Series 120 Owner's Manual
- Crew: 2: student, instructor
- Length: 23 ft 3.06 in (7.08 m)
- Wingspan: 33 ft 1.85 in (10.11 m)
- Height: 8 ft 11.5 in (2.73 m)
- Wing area: 129.4 ft² (12.02 m²)
- Airfoil: NACA 632615
- Aspect ratio: 8.4:1
- Empty weight: 1,475 lb (669 kg)
- Useful load: 920 lb (417 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 2,350 lb (1,066 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming IO-360-A1B6 4 cylinder, opposed piston engine, driving a Hartzell two-blade constant speed propeller, 200 hp (149 kW)
- Never exceed speed: 185 knots (213 mph, 343 km/h)
- Maximum speed: 130 knots (150 mph, 241 km/h) at sea level
- Stall speed: 54 knots (62 mph, 100 km/h)
- Range: 540 nmi (621 mi, 1,000 km)
- Service ceiling: 16,000 ft (4,875 m)
- Rate of climb: 1,034 ft/min (5.25 m/s)
- Wing loading: 18.2 lb/ft² (89 kg/m²)
- Maximum Load Factor: +6g / -3g
- No longer than 15 seconds sustained inverted flight.
- All armament is optional. The Bulldog was designed so that it could be fitted with four hard points.
- Up to a 290 kg (640 lb) bomb load.
- Matra pods with SNEB 68mm rockets. Various other rocket types were tested.
- .30 in (7.62mm) machine guns.
These armaments were tested on company demonstrator aircraft G-ASAL. They were never used in RAF service although some weapons training was done on the Bulldog trainers in Sweden. Although hardpoints are available, there is no provision for production weapons launch control systems in the Bulldog.
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Aermacchi SF.260
- Cessna T-41
- PAC CT/4 (Pacific Aerospace Limited)
- Saab 91 Safir
- Utva 75
- Valmet L-70 Vinka
- Grumman American AA-1
- Johan Visschedijk (26 April 2004). "History Brief: Scottish Aviation Bulldog". 1000aircraftphotos.com. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- Keith Halliday (6 December 2005). "Scottish Aviation Bulldog Production List". Airbase. Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- Aeroflight (27 May 2016). "Details of Bulldog Service in Maltese Armed Forces". Archived from the original on 20 May 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- Ellis 2016, p. 312
- Ellis 2016, p. 302
- Ellis 2016, p. 186
- Ellis 2016, p. 193
- Scottish Aviation Limited 1973, p. 2-1
- G-BZME Flying Group. "About the Scottish Aviation Bulldog-XX698".
- What if Modellers. "Forum post with pictures of Bulldog fitted with Matra Pods".
- Ellis, Ken (2016). Wrecks and Relics 25th Edition. Manchester, England: Crecy Publishing. ISBN 978 191080 9037.
- Taylor, John W. R. (1976). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1976–77. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-354-00538-3.
- Scottish Aviation Ltd (1973). Bulldog Series 120 Owner's Handbook. Prestwick, Scotland: British Aerospace Scottish Division-Technical Library.
Media related to Scottish Aviation Bulldog at Wikimedia Commons