Scottish Militant Labour

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Scottish Militant Labour
FoundedOctober 1991
Dissolved1998 (turned into SML)
2001 (Dissolution of ISM)
Split fromMilitant
Succeeded byISM/SSP
NewspaperScottish Socialist Voice
Scottish independence
Political positionFar left
International affiliationCommittee for a Workers' International

Scottish Militant Labour (SML) was a Trotskyist[1] political party operating in Scotland in the 1990s and was part of the Committee for a Workers' International. It later became known as the International Socialist Movement, which has since dissolved.

It played a major role in the formation of the Scottish Socialist Alliance and the Scottish Socialist Party, and was the original publisher of the Scottish Socialist Voice.[citation needed] It was formed when Militant (also known as the Militant tendency) split after abandoning entryist tactics in the Labour Party. Its best known member was Tommy Sheridan, although Alan McCombes played an important role behind the scenes. The party had six councillors in Glasgow during 1993–95.

In 1998, the Scottish Socialist Voice announced that the SML executive had decided to support Scottish independence.[2]

In 1996, it led the formation of the Scottish Socialist Alliance, the precursor of the modern Scottish Socialist Party (SSP) formed in 1998. As part of the SSA and SSP it changed its name to the International Socialist Movement. Many of its leading members were leading members of the SSP. A split occurred after years of debate centred on questions such as what the SSP should be, what the nature of a revolutionary party is and the relationship of the ISM to the CWI.[3] The majority of ISM members broke with the CWI while a minority stayed part of the CWI and created the International Socialists (Scotland), which claimed to be the successor of SML.

Former members of SML form a large part of the SSP's present leadership,[citation needed] while Tommy Sheridan is now co-convenor of Solidarity (Scotland), and the International Socialists are a platform within it.

Electoral performance[edit]

Westminster Elections No. of Votes Percentage of Scottish vote Seats won Additional Information
1992 General Election 6,287 0.21% 0 seats
1997 General Election 9,740 0.35% 0 seats Ran as part of Scottish Socialist Alliance


  1. ^ Dave [David] Osler "The Tribune interview: Tommy Sheridan – Tartan Trot",Tribune, 30 July 1993
  2. ^ "No Headline Present". 20 February 1998. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
  3. ^ The Scottish Debate – Transcripts of the debates within the SML and between the SML majority and the CWI International Secretariat

See also[edit]