Local income tax in Scotland
A number of political parties in Scotland have advocated a local income tax in Scotland as an alternative to the Council Tax, as part of the funding for Scottish local authorities. Various proposals were promoted during the 2007 Scottish Parliament election campaign.
In 2004, the Scottish Socialist Party launched a "Scrap the Council Tax" campaign, boosted by a poll suggesting 77% of Scots supported the abolition of the tax. A bill proposing a progressive system of taxation based on a household's income was presented in 2005, but was defeated with 12 MSPs in favour, 94 against, and 6 abstaining. Although the SNP and the Liberal Democratss supported the principle of income-based taxation, they disagreed with the SSP's specific proposals, which would have exempted anyone with an annual income of less than £10,000 and reduced liabilities for anyone with an annual income of less than £30,000, while targeting revenue generation to household incomes in excess of £90,000.
Different proposals to abolish council tax formed part of the manifestos of the Scottish National Party and the Liberal Democrats during the Scottish Parliament general election of May 2007. The SNP version involves the centralised distribution of funds raised from the new tax throughout the Scottish local authorities whereas the Liberal Democrats' proposal devolves the distribution to individual authorities. The SSP said under its proposals, unlike other local income tax schemes, the set-up costs and problems of fiscal flight would be insignificant, as the tax rates are not set locally.
After the 2007 election, the SNP-run Scottish Government planned to bring forward legislation to replace Council Tax with a local income tax as part of the funding for Scottish local authorities. A major setback took place when the UK government said it would withhold almost £400 million in Council Tax Benefit if the Scottish government implemented the proposals. Controversially, the UK government said it would, however, release the funds for a tax scheme designed by Scottish Labour.
- Business rates in Scotland
- Tartan tax
- Taxation in the United Kingdom
- Income tax
- Local taxation
- Council Tax
- Land Value Tax
- "Most Scots 'oppose' council tax". 15 February 2004. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Official Report Debate Contributions - Parliamentary Business". 1 February 2006. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "SSP sets out 'service tax' plan". 27 May 2004. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Socialists targeting council tax". 5 October 2004. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Council tax: the alternatives". 8 February 2004. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Council Tax Abolition and Service Tax Introduction (Scotland) Bill - Policy Memorandum". Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- Local income tax on way as early as 2010, The Scotsman, 19 August 2007
- Scrapping council tax has £400m price tag - Browne, The Scotsman, 20 August 2007
- "Hutton: there'll be no £381m to aid tax plans". 25 April 2007. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- "Benefits to continue under Labour tax plans but not SNP's". 15 September 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
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