These cultural commentators claim that a sense of cultural inferiority is felt by many Scots, particularly in relation to a perceived dominance of English or anglocentric British culture, partly due to the importance of London, within the United Kingdom, and consequently a sense of Scottish resentment and underachievement. The cringe is said to manifest as feelings of low self-worth and embarrassment felt by Scottish people in response to overt expressions of Scottish cultural identity and heritage such as the Lowland Scots and Scottish Gaelic languages, and the kilt (see Tartanry)
Former First Minister of Scotland Jack McConnell suggested in 2004 that the "Scottish cringe" included opposition to free-market capitalism and alleged that the cringe meant people felt "enterprise was even something to be ashamed of or embarrassed by"
- "'I want to end the Scottish cringe'", BBC News, 28 February 2004. URL accessed on 10 June 2006.
- "Taking Scots beyond the 'cringe'", BBC News, 24 November 2003. URL accessed on 10 June 2006.
- We must shake off the Scottish cringe and win back our sporting pride", Scotsman.com, 27 March 2004. URL accessed on 10 June 2006.
- Unger, J. (2010) "Legitimating inaction: Differing identity constructions of the Scots language" in European Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 13:99-117
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