|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1950|
March 6, 1891|
Kingston, ON, CAN
|Died||June 16, 1915
|Height||6 ft 1 in (185 cm)|
|Weight||195 lb (88 kg; 13 st 13 lb)|
|Played for||Toronto Blueshirts|
Allan McLean "Scotty" Davidson (March 6, 1891 – June 16, 1915) was a Canadian ice hockey player and soldier. He was considered one of the top wingers of the game's early years. He led his Kingston junior team to two Ontario Hockey Association championships in 1910 and 1911, when he moved to Calgary for the 1911–12 season and led the Calgary Athletics senior team to the Alberta provincial championship. Davidson turned professional with the Toronto Blueshirts in 1912 and was among the National Hockey Association's leading scorers the following two seasons. He captained Toronto to the Stanley Cup championship in 1914.
Upon the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, Davidson volunteered with the Canadian Expeditionary Force; he was the first professional hockey player to do so. He was killed in action while fighting in Belgium in 1915. Hailed as a hero by his peers, Davidson was said to have been killed after refusing to retreat during a battle. He is commemorated on the Canadian National Vimy Memorial. Davidson was posthumously inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1950.
Davidson was born and raised in Kingston, Ontario, and learned the game through his coach, James T. Sutherland. He first played in the Ontario Hockey Association (OHA) senior division in 1908–09 where, as a 17-year-old, he led the league with eight goals in four games. He joined the Kingston Frontenacs of the OHA junior division in 1909 where he emerged as a top player in the league. He was known for his shooting ability and considered a strong backchecker. Davidson served as team captain, and led the Frontenacs to OHA junior titles in 1910 and 1911. He was a standout in the 1911 championship, leading his team back from a 3–0 deficit to win the game.
After leaving the junior game, Davidson moved to Alberta where he played senior hockey for the Calgary Athletics. He scored three goals in four regular season games and added another three goals in three playoff games. The Athletics won the provincial championship, but were defeated by the Winnipeg Victorias for the Allan Cup. He returned to Ontario for the 1912–13 season when he was signed by the Toronto Blueshirts of the National Hockey Association (NHA). Davidson made his professional debut with Toronto in their season-opening loss to the Montreal Canadiens, and finished his rookie season with 19 goals in 20 games.
The Blueshirts named him team captain for the 1913–14 season, and he responded by finishing in the top ten in NHA goals with 23 and second in assists with 13. Tied atop the standings with the Montreal Canadiens after the regular season, the Blueshirts faced the Canadiens in a two-game, total-goal series for both the O'Brien Cup, the NHA championship, and control of the Stanley Cup, the Canadian championship. Following a 2–0 loss at Montreal, Davidson played a key role in Toronto's 6–0 victory in the return match. He scored two goals, including Toronto's third which clinched the championship. The title represented the first time a team from Toronto won the Stanley Cup.
The Blueshirts then immediately faced the Victoria Aristocrats of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association held in March 1914. It was considered an unofficial challenge for the Stanley Cup as the Aristocrats failed to arrange the series with the Cup's trustees. Toronto emerged with three consecutive victories to win the series that was on occasion violent – Davidson was involved in a fight late in the third game that touched off a melee involving most players for both teams.
When World War I broke out in 1914, Davidson was the first professional hockey player to volunteer with the Canadian Expeditionary Force. He served with the Eastern Ontario Regiment of the Canadian Infantry, and attained the rank of lance-corporal. Davidson earned the respect of his fellow soldiers who wrote of his bravery and fearlessness. He once rescued a wounded officer while fighting in France, and one account of his death asserts that he was shot in the back and killed while attempting to carry an injured soldier to safety. Another held that he died while on a bombing raid after refusing to retreat until he had spent his ammunition. He was said to have used his final grenade to kill a German officer before being killed himself.
By the time he left hockey to fight in the war, Davidson was considered one of the top all-around players in the NHA. Noted for his skating ability, it was said that he could skate faster backwards than most players could forwards. In 1925, Maclean's named him the top right wing when it determined its all-star team of the game's greatest players, an opinion shared by his former junior coach, who stated that he was "as good as any player to ever patrol a wing position".
Davidson was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1950, and is honoured by the International Hockey Hall of Fame. The Kingston Frontenacs erected a monument to his memory shortly after his death. He was 23 years old when he was killed, and his name is commemorated on the Canadian National Vimy Memorial in France.
|1908–09||Kingston 14th Regiment||OHA-Sr||4||8||0||8||11||4||4||0||4||6|
- German, Trevor (2008-05-16). "Why it is a memorial cup; Junior hockey trophy was named to honour hockey-playing Canadians killed in war". Waterloo Region Record. p. A13. Retrieved 2011-11-21.(subscription required)
- "Scotty Davidson biography". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- Duplacey, James; Zweig, Eric (2010). Official Guide to the Players of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Firefly Books. p. 123. ISBN 1-55407-662-5.
- Ellsworth, Ron. "Scotty Davidson – Stanley Cup champion and war hero". International Ice Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
- Podnieks, Andrew (2003). Players: The ultimate A–Z guide of everyone who has ever played in the NHL. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. pp. 937–938. ISBN 0-385-25999-9.
- "Scotty Davidson statistics". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- ""Scotty" Davidson goes east tonight". Calgary Daily Herald. 1912-11-23. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "Torontos lose to Canadiens". Calgary Daily Herald. 1912-12-26. p. 9. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
- "Torontos win championship of N.H.A. from Canadiens". Toronto World. 1914-03-12. p. 8. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- "Hockey". Toronto World. 1914-03-13. p. 8. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- "Toronto makes it three straight for Stanley Cup". Montreal Daily Mail. 1914-12-20. p. 8. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
- "Casualty details: Davidson, Allan McLean". Canadian War Graves Commission. Retrieved 2011-01-15.
- "Scotty Davidsons's heroism one of the bravest acts of war". Calgary Daily Herald. 1915-12-09. p. 14. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
- ""Scotty" Davidson met heroic death in France". Regina Morning Leader. 1915-12-07. p. 6. Retrieved 2011-11-21.