Scouts of China

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Scouts of China
Scouts of China.svg
中華民國童軍
Headquarters The General Association of the Scouts of China
Location Taipei, Taiwan
Country  Republic of China
Founded
  • February 25, 1912 (Mainland)
  • 1950 (Taiwan)
Founder Yen Chia-lin (嚴家麟)
Membership 49,457 (2011)
Chief Scout Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文)
Chairman Lin Yu-chang
Affiliation World Organization of the Scout Movement
Website
scouting.edu.tw
WikiProject Scouting uniform template male background.svg
 Scouting portal
Scouts of China
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
The General Association of the Scouts of China
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Scouts of China (Chinese: 中華民國童軍), the General Association of the Scouts of China (Chinese: 中華民國童軍總會) in full, is the national Scouting association of the Republic of China and represents the Scouting organization in Taiwan. It is a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement. In 2011, the Scouts of China has 49,457 members.[1]

History[edit]

Pre-1949[edit]

The historic membership badge of the General Association of the Scouts of China incorporated the Blue Sky with a White Sun.

Following the birth of the Republic of China, the first Scout troop was organized by Reverend Yen Chia-lin in Wuchang on February 25, 1912 and the Scouting movement spread rapidly all over the country.[2]

The General Association of the Scouts of China was formally established in Nanjing, the former capital of the Republic of China in 1934, and became a member of the International Scout Bureau in 1937.[3][4] Many Scouts actively participated in the Second Sino-Japanese War from 1937 to 1945.

There were 570,000 registered members in 1941.[2] Scouting existed in mainland China before 1949.

Scouts of China in Taiwan[edit]

In 1949, the ROC government withdrew to Taiwan, where it remains today. However, Scouting has continued in Taiwan under the name of the Scouts of China.[2] The organization was reorganized in 1950 after the ROC government was relocated to Taipei, and resumed membership in the International Scout Bureau as Scouts of China.[2][4][5]

Program[edit]

The fundamental core values of the Scouts of China are reflected and expressed through the Scout Promise, Law and Motto. The Scout emblem features the Blue Sky with a White Sun. The highest rank is the National Flower Class (國花童軍) earned by the Senior Scout branch (行義童軍). National Flower refers to the plum blossom, official flower of the Republic of China. The badge has the plum blossom on the center-top position, flanked by three colours of red, white and blue of the national flag. The first class emblem of the Scouts of China occupies the center, surrounded by golden laurel wreaths to indicate the prestige and completed progress achieved in the Senior Scout training.

Sections and Ranks[edit]

Branch Age Class
Beaver Scout
稚齡童軍
6~8 Earth
地球
Star
星星
Moon
月亮
Sun
太陽
Cub Scout
幼童軍
8~12 Antelope
羚羊
Wolf
Deer
鹿
Panther
Boy Scout
童軍
11~15 Tenderfoot
初級童軍
Second
中級童軍
First
高級童軍
Lion
獅級童軍
Senior Scout
行義童軍
14~18 First
高級童軍
Lion
獅級童軍
Great Wall
長城童軍
National Flower
國花童軍
Rover Scout
羅浮童軍
17~26 Squire
見習羅浮
Warranted
授銜羅浮
Service
服務羅浮
Leader
服務員
20~lifetime

Scout ideals[edit]

Scout Promise[edit]

Scout Law[edit]

Scout Motto[edit]

Song of the Scouts of China[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The original translation for the first paragraph on the official website is "I am willing to become a member of the Scouts of China and therefore I will obey and practice the Scout Law......" according to the pre-2009 version "我願意加入中國童子軍,遵守童子軍規律......." In 2009, the Scout Promise of the Scouts of China was modified, but the translation of the official website is still not corrected.[9]
  2. ^ The "Blue Sky and White Sun" referred to in the song is the national emblem of the Republic of China and can be found on the national flag.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Triennal review: Census as at 1 December 2010" (PDF). World Organization of the Scout Movement. Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d "SCOUTING IN CHINA-SCOUTS OF CHINA". N2ZGU. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  3. ^ WOSM (1990). Scouting ´Round the World. Geneva: Public Relations and Communications Department, World Scout Bureau. p. 150. ISBN 2-88052-001-0. 
  4. ^ a b Michel, Rudi; Reinhard Schmoeckel; Hans Gerhard Rumpf (1963). Der Kornett Heft 5 Pfadfinderbewegung (in German). Minden: Bund Deutscher Pfadfinder Landesmark Westfalen. p. 51. 
  5. ^ WOSM (1990). Scouting ´Round the World. Geneva: Public Relations and Communications Department, World Scout Bureau. p. 27. ISBN 2-88052-001-0. 
  6. ^ a b c d "童軍運動是青少年活動的基石─稚齡童軍與幼童軍". Scouts of China (in Chinese). 2010-08-06. 
  7. ^ a b c "中華民國童軍諾言規律銘言". Scouts of China (in Chinese). 2009-10-14. 
  8. ^ "Promise". Scouts of China. 2009-04-30. 
  9. ^ Chao, Shou-po (2009-11-05). "我們是中華民國童軍──談我國童軍名稱及相關問題~童軍筆記之十八" (in Chinese). Scouts of China. 
  10. ^ "Law". Scouts of China. 2009-04-30. 
  11. ^ "Motto". Scouts of China. 2009-04-30. 
  12. ^ The lyrics and score of the song.

Further reading[edit]

  • Facts on World Scouting, Boy Scouts International Bureau, Ottawa, Canada, 1961

External links[edit]