Scranton School District (Pennsylvania)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scranton School District
Scranton School District administration building.jpg
The school district administration building
425 N Washington Ave
Scranton, Pennsylvania
Scranton, Lackawanna County
United States of America
Type Public
Closed Central Scranton HS (1991), East Scranton IS (2001), John J. Audubon #42 (2012), Lincoln-Jackson #14 (2011)
School board 9 locally elected members

Alexis Kirijan, Ed.D. contract July 1, 2015 to June 30, 2020)[1] Salary $150,000 with 2.5% raises[2]

Former super William King, salary $142,803 (2013)[3][4]

Gregg L Sunday, Business Manager, salary $118,452 (2013)
Gina Colarossi, salary $106,592
Catherine Opshinsky, $105,407
Ann M Genett, $105,407


John Coyle, HS $107,231
Jessica Leitzel-Aquilina, Frances Willard #32, $106,592
MELISSA E MCTIERNAN, South Scranton IS, $103,706
PAUL J DOUGHERTY, West Scranton IS, $103,706
ROBERT BUTKA JR, Northeast IS, $102,184

ROBERT GENTILEZZA, West Scranton HS, $100,854
Staff 425 non teaching staff members
Faculty 698 teachers
Grades preK-12

10,009 pupils (2015)[5]
9,795 pupils (2013)[6]

9,393 pupils (2010) [7]
 • Kindergarten 773 (2014),[8] 906 (2010)
 • Grade 1 803 (2014), 772
 • Grade 2 785 (2014), 707
 • Grade 3 818 (2014), 720
 • Grade 4 757 (2014), 703
 • Grade 5 716 (2014), 725
 • Grade 6 678 (2014), 663
 • Grade 7 671 (2014), 665
 • Grade 8 706 (2014), 660
 • Grade 9 713 (2014), 721
 • Grade 10 748 (2014), 783
 • Grade 11 665 (2014), 723
 • Grade 12 694 (2014), 655 (2010)
 • Other 483 (2014)
Map of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania School Districts with Scranton School District in green in east-central Lackawanna County.

The Scranton School District is a large, urban school district located in Scranton, Pennsylvania. It serves the city of Scranton in Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. The District encompasses approximately 26 square miles. According to 2000 federal census data, it serves a resident population of 76,089. By 2010, the District's population declined to 76,065 people.[9] The educational attainment levels for the Scranton School District population (25 years old and over) were 83.9% high school graduates and 19.3% college graduates.[10] The District is one of the 500 public school districts of Pennsylvania.

According to the Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, 63.7% of the District’s pupils lived at 185% or below the Federal Poverty Level [1] as shown by their eligibility for the federal free or reduced price school meal programs in 2012.[11] In 2013, the Pennsylvania Department of Education, reported that 144 students in the Scranton School District were homeless.[12]

In 2009, Scranton School District residents’ per capita income was $16,174, while the median family income was $39,233.[13] In the Commonwealth, the median family income was $49,501 [14] and the United States median family income was $49,445, in 2010.[15] In Lackawanna County, the median household income was $43,673.[16] By 2013, the median household income in the United States rose to $52,100.[17] In 2014, the median household income in the USA was $53,700.[18]

According to Scranton School District officials, in school year 2005-06, the Scranton School District provided basic educational services to 10,000 pupils through the employment of 900 teachers, 342 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 44 administrators. In 2006, the district students were: 72% white, 3% Asian, 11% black, 14% Hispanic and below 1% Native American.[19]

The Northeastern Educational Intermediate Unit IU19 provides the District with a wide variety of services like: specialized education for disabled students; state mandated training on recognizing and reporting child abuse; speech and visual disability services; criminal background check processing for prospective employees and professional development for staff and faculty.


There are thirteen preschool classes operated in twelve different settings.


  • John Adams Elementary -(prek-5) School Performance Profile 70.3 out of 100 (2014)[20] Warning AYP status 2012[21]
  • Neil Armstrong Elementary - School Performance Profile 62.9 out of 100 (2014)[22] Warning AYP status 2012[23]
  • George Bancroft Elementary - (prek-5) School Performance Profile 59.7 out of 100 (2014)[24] Warning AYP 2012.[25]
  • Isaac Tripp Elementary - (prek-5) School Performance Profile 74.7 out of 100 (2014)[26] Warning AYP 2012.[27]
  • John F. Kennedy Elementary - in Warning status in 2011.[28]
  • William Prescott Elementary - achieved Adequate Yearly Progress in 2011.[29]
  • Charles Sumner Elementary - achieved Adequate Yearly Progress in 2011.[30]
  • John G. Whittier Elementary - achieved Adequate Yearly Progress in 2011.[31]
  • Frances Willard Elementary - in Warning status in 2011.[32]
  • McNichols Plaza Elementary - in Warning in 2011.[33]
  • John Audubon Elementary - achieved Adequate Yearly Progress in 2011. Closed 2012 due to mold damage.[34]

Intermediate schools[edit]

  • Northeast Intermediate - achieved Adequate Yearly Progress in 2011.
  • South Scranton Intermediate - in Warning status in 2011.
  • West Scranton Intermediate - in Warning status in 2011.

High schools[edit]

High school students may choose to attend the Career Technology Center of Lackawanna County (CTCLC) for training in: the construction and mechanical trades; automotive repairs; cosmetology; welding, Visual Art and Design and allied Health Occupations.


Scranton School District is governed by nine (9) individually elected board members (serve without compensation for a term of four years), the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[35] The federal government controls programs it funds like: Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act(renamed Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) in December 2015) which mandates the district focus its resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills.[36] The school board is required by state law to post a financial report on the district in its website by March of each school year.[37]

The Superintendent and Business Manager are appointed by the school board. The Superintendent is the chief administrative officer with overall responsibility for all aspects of operations, including education and finance. The Business Manager is responsible for budget and financial operations. Neither of these officials are voting members of the School Board. The School Board enters into individual employment contracts for these positions. These contracts must be in writing and are subject to public discloure under the state’s Right to Know Act. In Pennsylvania, public school districts are required to give 150 days notice to the Superintendent and Business Manager regarding renewal of their employment contracts.[38] Pursuant to Act 141 of 2012 which amended the Pennsylvania School Code, all school districts that have hired superintendents on/after the fall of 2012 are required to develop objective performance standards and post them on the district’s website.[39]

The Commonwealth Foundation for Public Policy Alternatives Sunshine Review gave the school board and district administration a "F" for transparency based on a review of "What information can people find on their school district's website". It examined the school district's website for information regarding; taxes, the current budget, meetings, school board members names and terms, contracts, audits, public records information and more.[40]

Academic achievement[edit]

In October 2015, Pennsylvania Auditor General Eugene DePasquale reported that 9 schools in the District are among the 561 academically challenged schools that have been overlooked by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. The following Scranton schools were listed: Frances Willard #32; George Bancroft #34; John Adams #4; John F. Kennedy #7; John G Whittier #2; McNichols Plaza, Neil Armstrong #40; Robert Morris #27 and William Prescott #38.[41][42] He also reported the Pennsylvania Department of Education failed to take any action to remediate the poorly performing schools to raise student academic achievement or to provide them with targeted professional assistance.[43]

Opportunity scholarships

In April 2014, the Pennsylvania Department of Education released a report identifying 7 Scranton School District schools as among the lowest achieving schools for reading and mathematics in the state.[44] GEORGE BANCROFT #34; JOHN ADAMS #4; JOHN F KENNEDY #7; JOHN G WHITTIER #2; MCNICHOLS PLAZA; SCRANTON High School and SOUTH SCRANTON Intermediate School were all identified as lowest achieving in the state. In 2011-12, two Scranton school were on the list: GEORGE BANCROFT #34 and JOHN F. KENNEDY #7.

In 2012, Scranton High School, South Scranton Intermediate School, Mcnichols Plaza, John F. Kennedy #7, John Adams #4, and George Bancroft #34 were all among the 15% lowest achieving schools in the Commonwealth. Parents and students may be eligible for scholarships to transfer to another public or nonpublic school through the state's Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program passed in June 2012.[45] The scholarships are limited to those students whose family's income is less than $60,000 annually, with another $12,000 allowed per dependent. Maximum scholarship award is $8,500, with special education students receiving up to $15,000 for a year's tuition. Parents pay any difference between the scholarship amount and the receiving school's tuition rate. Students may seek admission to neighboring public school districts. Each year the PDE publishes the tuition rate for each individual public school district.[46] Fifty-three public schools in Allegheny County are among the lowest-achieving schools in 2011. According to the report, parents in 414 public schools (74 school districts) were offered access to these scholarships. Funding for the scholarships comes from donations by businesses which receive a state business tax credit for donating.

Statewide ranking

In 2015, Scranton School District was ranked 456th out of 493 Pennsylvania public school districts, by the Pittsburgh Business Times.[47] The ranking is based on the last 3 years of student academic achievement as demonstrated by PSSAs results in: reading, writing, math and science and the three Keystone Exams (literature, Algebra 1, Biology I) in high school.[48] Three school districts were excluded, because they do not operate high schools: (Saint Clair Area School District, Midland Borough School District, Duquesne City School District). The PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through 8th. Adapted PSSA examinations are given to children in the special education programs. Writing exams were given to children in 5th and 8th grades.[49]

In 2009, the academic achievement, of the students in the Scranton School District, was in the bottom 33rd percentile among all 500 Pennsylvania school districts Scale (0-99; 100 is state best).[55]

In 2008, a study was done of public schools in Lackawanna County and Luzerne County. It found that of the 10 public school districts in Lackawanna County, Scranton School District academic achievement ranked 7th in math and 9th in Reading.

District AYP status history[edit]

In 2012, Scranton School District declined further to District Improvement Level I Adequate YEarly Progress (AYP) status due to chronic, low student academic achievement.[56]

  • 2011 - declined to Warning status due to low student achievement in several schools.[57]
  • 2010 - achieved AYP status.[58]
  • 2009 - achieved AYP status through safe harbor provisions[59]
  • 2008 - declined to Warning AYP status.[60]
  • 2006 and 2007 - achieved AYP status.[61]
  • 2005 - remained in School Improvement Level 1 AYP status.[62]
  • 2004 - School Improvement Level 1 AYP status.[63]
  • 2003 - Warning AYP status due to lagging student achievement in reading and math

Graduation rate[edit]

In 2012, Scranton School District graduation rate was 89.27%.[64]

  • 2011 - 82%.[65]
  • 2010 - 82%, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate.[66]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations:

College remediation

In January 2009, the Pennsylvania Department of Education released a study on college preparation that found 22% of Scranton School District graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[71][72] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[73][74] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Graduation requirements[edit]

The Scranton School Board has determined that students must earn 24 credits to graduate, including: English 4 credits, Math 4 credits, Social Studies 4 credits, Arts Humanities 2 credits, Physical Education 1 credit, Health 0.8 credits, Safety 0.2 credits and 4 electives.[75]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[76] At Scranton School District the graduation project consists of a research paper that must be completed by the end of the first semester of the student's junior year.[77] Effective with the graduating class of 2017, the Pennsylvania State Board of Education eliminated the state mandate that students complete a culminating project in order to graduate.[78]

By Pennsylvania State School Board regulations, beginning with the class of 2019,[79] public school students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, and English Literature by passing the respective Keystone Exams for each course.[80][81] The exam is given at the end of the course. Keystone Exams replace the PSSAs for 11th grade.[82]

Students have several opportunities to pass the exam. Schools are mandated to provide targeted assistance to help the student be successful. Those who do not pass after several attempts can perform a project in order to graduate.[83][84] For the class of 2019, a Composition exam will be added. For the class of 2020, passing a civics and government exam will be added to the graduation requirements.[85] In 2011, Pennsylvania high school students field tested the Algebra 1, Biology and English Lit exams. The statewide results were: Algebra 1 38% on grade level, Biology 35% on grade level and English Lit - 49% on grade level.[86] Individual student, school or district reports were not made public, although they were reported to district officials by the Pennsylvania Department of Education. Students identified as having special needs and qualifying for an Individual Educational Program (IEP) may graduate by meeting the requirements of their IEP.

Dual enrollment[edit]

The Scranton School district high schools offer the Pennsylvania dual enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses, at local higher education institutions, to earn college credits. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[87] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[88] The Pennsylvania College Credit Transfer System reported in 2009, that students saved nearly $35.4 million by having their transferred credits count towards a degree under the new system.[89] In 2010, the district received a $177,704 state grant to be used to assist students with tuition, fees and books.

Special education[edit]

In December 2013, Scranton School District administration reported that 1,763 pupils or 18.9% of the District's pupils received Special Education services, with 44% of the identified students having a specific learning disability.[90] In December 2009, Scranton School District administration reported that 1,776 pupils or 18.5% of the district's pupils received Special Education services.[91]

In 2007, Pennsylvania Secretary of Education Gerald Zahorchak testified before the Pennsylvania House Education Committee regarding full day kindergarten. He claimed that districts which offered the program would see a significant decrease in special education students due to early identification and early intervention. He asserted the high cost of full day kindergarten would be recouped by Districts in lower special education costs.[92] Scranton School District has provided full day kindergarten since 2008. The District has seen no decrease in the percentage of special education students it serves, yielding no savings.

The District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team or Student Assistance Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Special Education Department.[93][94] The IDEA 2004 requires each school entity to publish a notice to parents, in newspapers or other media, including the student handbook and website regarding the availability of screening and intervention services and how to access them.

Students who have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) may take the PSSA-M an alternative math exam rather than the PSSA.[95] Some special education students may take the PASA (Pennsylvania Alternate System of Assessment), rather than the PSSA.[96] Schools are permitted to provide accommodations to some students.[97]

In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for Special Education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding.[98] The Pennsylvania Special Education funding system assumes that 16% of the district’s students receive special education services. It also assumes that each student’s needs accrue the same level of costs.[99] The state requires each district to have a three-year special education plan to meet the unique needs of its special education students.[100] Overidentification of students, in order to increase state funding, has been an issue in the Commonwealth. Some districts have more than 20% of its students receiving special education services while others have 10% supported through special education.[101] The state requires each public school district and charter school to have a three-year special education plan to meet the unique needs of its special education students.[102] In 2012, the Obama Administration's US Department of Education issued a directive requiring schools include students with disabilities in extracurricular activities, including sports.[103]

Scranton School District received a $5,223,073 supplement for special education services in 2010.[104] For the 2011-12, 2012–13 and 2013-14 school years, all Pennsylvania public school districts received the same level of funding for special education that they received in 2010-11. This level funding is provided regardless of changes in the number of pupils who need special education services and regardless of the level of services the respective students required.[105][106][107] For the 2014-2015 school year, ASD received an increase to $1,609,632 from the Commonwealth for special education funding.[108] Additionally, the state provides supplemental funding for extraordinarily impacted students. The District must apply for this added funding.

In 2013, the state's Special Education Funding Reform Commission provided a report on the state of funding for special education in the Commonwealth.[109] Funding for special education programs is borne largely on a local basis at 60%, with the state contributing $1 billion or 30% and the federal government providing 10% of the funding.

Gifted education[edit]

The District Administration reported that 167 students or 1.75% of its students were gifted in 2009.[110] By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The primary emphasis is on enrichment and acceleration of the regular education curriculum through a push in model with the gifted instructor in the classroom with the regular instructor. This approach permits such specialized instructional strategies as tiered assignments, curriculum compacting, flexible grouping, learning stations, independent projects and independent contracts. Students identified as gifted attending the High School have access to honors and advanced placement courses, and dual enrollment with local colleges. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.[111]

Bullying Policy[edit]

The Scranton School Administration reported one incident of bullying occurring in the schools in 2009.[112][113]

The school board prohibits bullying by district students and employees. The Board directs that complaints of bullying shall be investigated promptly, and corrective action shall be taken when allegations are verified. No reprisals or retaliation shall occur as a result of good faith reports of bullying.[114] All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[115] District administration are required to annually provide the following information with the district's Safe School Report: the board’s bullying policy, a report of bullying incidents in the school district, and information on the development and implementation of any bullying prevention, intervention or education programs. The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[116][117]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[118]


In 2009, the district reports employing over 700 teachers with a starting salary of $34,000 for 185 days for pupil instruction. The average teacher salary was $55,011 while the maximum salary was $117,123.[119] As of 2007, Pennsylvania ranked in the top 10 states in average teacher salaries. When adjusted for cost of living Pennsylvania ranked fourth in the nation for teacher compensation.[120] Additionally, Scranton School District teachers receive a defined benefit pension, health insurance, dental insurance, life insurance, professional development reimbursement, several paid personal days, 10 paid sick days, 5 paid bereavement days, and other benefits. Teachers are paid an additional hourly rate, if they are required to work outside of the regular school day. The school day is 6 and 1/4 hours in elementary schools and 6 and 3/4 hours in the middle schools/high schools. A retirement bonus of $10,000 a year for 7 years is paid to encourage teachers with more than 20 years service to retire. Retirees also receive $100 for each unused sick day over their career.[121] According to State Rep. Glen Grell, a trustee of the Pennsylvania Public School Employees’ Retirement System Board, a 40-year educator can retire with a pension equal to 100 percent of their final salary.[122]

In 2007, the district employed 675 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $52,030 for 185 school days worked.[123]

In November 2011, both the union and school board rejected the state Labor Relations Board fact-finding report, which outlined contract recommendations. Items in the report included salary issues, and called for teachers to receive a 1.25 percent raise, plus step movement based on years of service and advanced degrees, in 2011-12 and 2012–13, and a 1.5 percent increase plus step in 2013-14.[124] The teacher's union gave the school board a strike notice in February 2012 complaining about paying for their health insurance and demanding higher raises.[125]

Scranton School District administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $549.55 per pupil. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[126]

In 2008, Scranton School District reported spending $10,782 per pupil. This ranked 416th in the commonwealth.[127]


In 2009, the district reported $9,694,947 in an unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as zero.[128]

In March 2009, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the district. Multiple significant findings were reported to the administration and school board.[129]

The district is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax or 3.4%, a property tax, a real estate transfer tax 0.5%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes.[130] In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax regardless of the individual's wealth.[131]

State basic education funding[edit]

According to a report from Representative Todd Stephens office, Scranton School District receives 48.8% of its annual revenue from the state.[132][133]

For the 2015-16 school year, Governor Tom Wolf released a partial Basic Education Funding of $18,762,050 to Scranton School District, in January 2016.[134] This was part of $10.3 billion in school funding withheld from the public schools, by the Governor since the summer of 2015.[135] The dispersement did not follow the new Basic Education Fair Funding formula which had been established by the Pennsylvania General Assemby in June 2015.[136] Ten (10) Pennsylvania school districts received no increase in Basic Education funding under Governor Wolf.[137][138]

In April 2016, Governor Wolf announced his finalized dispersement of 2015-16 state Basic Education Funding. Scranton School District received a 3.36% increase for a total funding of $40,147,865.[139] This is $555,265 less than the District was to receive by law under the state’s Fair Funding Formula approved in 2015.[140][141] Four hundred and twenty-eight (428) Pennsylvania public school districts received less money under Governor Wolf’s plan.[142] Wolf also altered the Ready to Learn Grant distribution. The District received another $1,517,889 in Ready To Learn grant which was $318,925 less than it would have received under the approved state formula for distribution. The highest increase in funding statewide was awarded by Governor Wolf to Wilkinsburg Borough School District which got a 44.1% increase in state Basic Education Funding. The average BEF increase among the Commonwealth’s 500 public school districts for 2015-16 was 2.21%. In Lackawanna County, the highest percentage increase in state funding was awarded to Old Forge School District - 3.51%. The Pennsylvania education budget is $5.93 billion for basic education, a $200 million or 3.5 percent increase over 2014-15 allocation. Another $1.08 billion was allotted for special education funding, a $30 million or 2.9 percent increase over 2014-15. Additionally, the state paid over $500 million towards school employee social security payments and over $1 billion to the teacher's pension fund (PSERS).[143]

For the 2014-15 school year, Scranton School District received $37,454,212.91 in State Basic Education funding. The District received $1,517,889 in new Ready To Learn Block grant. The State’s enacted Education Budget included $5,526,129,000 for the 2014-2015 Basic Education Funding.[144] The Education budget also included Accountability Block Grant funding at $100 million and $241 million in new Ready to Learn funding for public schools that focus on student achievement and academic success. The State paid $500.8 million to Social Security on the school employees behalf and another $1.16 billion to the state teachers pension system (PSERS). In total, Pennsylvania’s Education budget for K-12 public schools is $10 billion. This was a $305 million increase over 2013-2014 state spending and the greatest amount ever allotted by the Commonwealth for its public schools.[145]

In the 2013-14 school year, the Scranton School District received a 2.1% increase or $37,404,188 in Pennsylvania Basic Education Funding. This is $775,321 more than its 2012-13 state BEF to the District. Additionally, Scranton School District received $562,676 in Accountability Block Grant funding to focus on academic achievement and level funding for special education services. Among the public school districts in Lackawanna County, Mid Valley School District received the highest percentage increase in BEF at 2.4%. The District had the option of applying for several other state and federal grants to increase revenues. The Commonwealth’s budget increased Basic Education Funding statewide by $123 million to over $5.5 billion. Most of Pennsylvania’s 500 public school districts received an increase of Basic Education Funding in a range of 0.9% to 4%. Eight public school districts received exceptionally high funding increases of 10% to 16%. The highest increase in state funding was awarded to Austin Area School District which received a 22.5% increase in Basic Education Funding.[146] The highest percent of state spending per student is in the Chester-Upland School District, where roughly 78 percent comes from state coffers. In Philadelphia, it is nearly 49 percent.[147] As a part of the education budget, the state provided the PSERS (Pennsylvania school employee pension fund) with $1,017,000,000 and Social Security payments for school employees of $495 million.[148]

For the 2012-13 school year, the Scranton School District received $36,628,867.[149] The Governor's Executive Budget for 2012-13 included $9.34 billion for kindergarten through 12th grade public education, including $5.4 billion in basic education funding, which was an increase of $49 million over the 2011-12 budget. In addition, the Commonwealth provided $100 million for the Accountability Block Grant (ABG) program. Scranton School District received $562,676 in ABG funding. The state also provided a $544.4 million payment for School Employees’ Social Security and $856 million for School Employees’ Retirement fund called PSERS.[150] This amount was a $21,823,000 increase (0.34%) over the 2011-2012 appropriations for Basic Education Funding, School Employees' Social Security, Pupil Transportation, Nonpublic and Charter School Pupil Transportation. Since taking office, Corbett’s first two budgets have restored more than $918 million in support of public schools, compensating for the $1 billion in federal stimulus dollars lost at the end of the 2010-11 school year.

In the 2011-12 school year, Scranton School District received a $36,626,299 allocation, of state Basic Education Funding.[151][152] Additionally, the Scranton School District received $562,676 in Accountability Block Grant funding. The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget includes $5,354,629,000 for the 2011-2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010-2011.[153] The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to Duquesne City School District, which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12.[154] In 2010, the district reported that 5,613 students received free or reduced-price lunches, due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.[155]

For 2010-11, Scranton School District received a 3.77% increase in state Basic Education Funding resulting in a $40,471,931 payment.[156] Dunmore School District received an 11.88% increase, which was the highest increase in BEF in Lackawanna County. Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County received the highest increase in the state at 23.65% increase in funding for the 2010-11 school year. One hundred fifty school districts received the base 2% increase in 2010-11. The amount of increase each school district receives is determined by the Governor Edward G. Rendell and the Secretary of Education Gerald Zahorchak through the allocation set in the state budget proposal made in February each year.[157]

In the 2009-2010 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 9.46% increase in Basic Education funding for a total of $38,930,659. The state Basic Education funding to the district in 2008-09 was $35,567,428.08. The district also received supplemental funding for English language learners, Title 1 federal funding for low-income students, for district size, a poverty supplement from the commonwealth and more.[158] Scranton School District received the highest increase in Lackawanna County for the 2009-10 school year. Among the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received the highest with a 22.31% increase in funding.[159]

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 5310 district students received free or reduced-price lunches due to low family income in the 2007-2008 school year.[160]

Accountability Block Grants[edit]

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students. For 2010-11 the Scranton School District applied for and received $1,527,244 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide full-day kindergarten for the 3rd year.[161][162]

Education Assistance grant[edit]

The state's Education Assistance Program funding provides for the continuing support of tutoring services and other programs to address the academic needs of eligible students. Funds were available to eligible school districts and full-time career and technology centers (CTC) in which one or more schools have failed to meet at least one academic performance target, as provided for in Section 1512-C of the Pennsylvania Public School Code. In 2010-11 the Scranton School District received $495,858.[163]

Classrooms for the Future grant[edit]

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Scranton School District received $435,123 in 2006-07. In 2007-08 the district received $300,000. For the 2008-09, school year the district received $153,524 for a total of $888,647. Of the 501 public school districts in Pennsylvania, 447 of them received Classrooms for the Future grant awards.[164]

Federal Stimulus grant[edit]

The district received an extra $11,484,419 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like Title 1, special education and meeting the academic needs of low-income students.[165] The funding was for the 2009-10 and 2010-11 school years.

Race to the Top grant[edit]

School district officials applied for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district millions in additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[166][167] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success.[168] In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate.[169] Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.[170]

Common Cents state initiative[edit]

The Scranton School Board chose to not participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars.[171] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement any of the recommended cost savings changes.

Real estate taxes[edit]

The Scraton School Board set property tax rates in 2011-2012 at 109.0000 mills.[172] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value. Property taxes, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, apply only to real estate - land and buildings. The property tax is not levied on cars, business inventory, or other personal property. Certain types of property are exempt from property taxes, including: places of worship, places of burial, private social clubs, charitable and educational institutions and government property. Additionally, service related, disabled US military veterans may seek an exemption from paying property taxes. Pennsylvania school district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections, which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[173] Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in property taxation within a community and across a region. Pennsylvania school district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections (Local Tax Enabling Act), which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[174]

  • 2010-11 - 109.0000 mills.[175]

2009-10 - 109.2400 mills.[176]

In 2010, the high number of tax exempt properties became an issue. A Times-Tribune analysis found that 1,204 of Scranton's 27,037 properties were tax exempt and therefore paid no school property taxes.[177]

Act 1 Adjusted index[edit]

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not authorized to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions, including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[178] In June 2011, the Pennsylvania General Assembly eliminated six of the ten the exceptions to the Act 1 Index.[179] The following exceptions were maintained: 1) costs to pay interest and principal on indebtedness incurred prior to September 4, 2004 for Act 72 schools and prior to June 27, 2006 for non-Act 72 schools; 2) costs to pay interest and principal on electoral debt; 3) costs incurred in providing special education programs and services (beyond what is already paid by the State); and 4) costs due to increases of more than the Index in the school’s share of payments to PSERS (PA school employees pension fund) taking into account the state mandated PSERS contribution rate.[180][181]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Scranton School District 2006-2007 through 2010-2011.[182]

  • 2006-07 - 5.6%, Base 3.9%
  • 2007-08 - 4.9%, Base 3.4%
  • 2008-09 - 6.4%, Base 4.4%
  • 2009-10 - 6.0%, Base 4.1%
  • 2010-11 - 4.3%, Base 2.9%
  • 2011-12 - 2.1%, Base 1.4%
  • 2012-13 - 2.5%, Base 1.7% [183]

Scranton School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budgets in 2009-10 or in 2010-11.[184][185] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[186]

Property tax relief[edit]

In 2009, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Scranton School District was $334 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 13,037 property owners applied for the tax relief.[187] The tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property on the individual's tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. In Lackawanna County, the highest property tax relief in 2009 was awarded to the approved property owners in Scranton School District. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $632 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[188] This was the second year Chester Upland School District was the top recipient.

According to Act 1 of 2006, Scranton School District could use gambling revenues for wage tax relief rather than property tax relief.[189]

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially more than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.[190]

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[191]


Scranton School District offers a variety of clubs, activities and sports. Eligibility to participate is set by school board policies.[192]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those home schooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs, including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[193]


  1. ^ PDE, ED Names and Addresses, 2016
  2. ^ SARAH HOFIUS HALL (March 14, 2015). "New Scranton superintendent unveils vision for district". 
  3. ^ PEGGY LEE (June 23, 2014). "Scranton School Superintendent Resigns, Board Accepts, Criticisms Thrown". WNEPTV6. 
  4. ^ SARAH HOFIUS HALL (May 10, 2014). "School board majority plotted to suspend King at secret meeting". The Times-Tribune. 
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (December 4, 2015). "Scranton School District Fast Facts 2015". 
  6. ^ National Center of Education Statistics, Common COre of Data Scranton School District, 2015
  7. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Enrollment and Projections by District, 2010
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Enrollment and Projections by District 2014-15, 2014
  9. ^ US Census Bureau, 2010 Census Poverty Data by Local Education Agency, 2011
  10. ^ proximityone (2014). "School District Comparative Analysis Profiles". 
  11. ^ Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, Education Facts Student Poverty Concentration by LEA, 2012
  12. ^ Collin Deppen (January 2015). "How many children are homeless in your school district?" (PDF). Pennsylvania Department of Education. 
  13. ^ US Census Bureau, American Fact Finder, 2009
  14. ^ US Census Bureau (2010). "American Fact Finder, State and County quick facts". 
  15. ^ US Census Bureau (September 2011). "Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010" (PDF). 
  16. ^ US Census Bureau (2014). "Pennsylvania Median household income, 2006-2010 by County". 
  17. ^ Michael Sauter & Alexander E.M. Hess, (August 31, 2013). "America's most popular six-figure jobs". USA Today. 
  18. ^ Jeff Guo (September 15, 2015). "Lower wages for whites, higher wages for immigrants, and inequality for all". Washington Post. 
  19. ^ New York Times. "Diversity in the Classroom - Scranton School District". The New York Times. Retrieved April 7, 2011. 
  20. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 4, 2014). "John Adams Elementary School Performance Profile 2014". 
  21. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "John Adams Elementary AYP Overview 2012". 
  22. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 4, 2014). "Neil Armstrong Elementary School Performance Profile 2014". 
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Neil Armstrong Elementary AYP Overview 2012". 
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 4, 2014). "George Bancroft Elementary School Performance Profile 2014". 
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "George Bancroft Elementary AYP Overview 2012" (PDF). 
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (November 4, 2014). "Isaac Tripp Elementary School Performance Profile 2014". 
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Isaac Tripp Elementary AYP Overview 2012" (PDF). 
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "John Audubon Elementary School AYP Overview 2012" (PDF). 
  35. ^ Pennsylvania Public School Code Governance 2010
  36. ^ US Department of Education (2015). "Every Student Succeeds Act". 
  37. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly (2012). "Act of Jul. 12, 2012, P.L. 1142, No. 141 Section 921-A". 
  38. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly, Pennsylvania School Code, 2013
  39. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly (2012). "Act of Jul. 12, 2012, P.L. 1142, No. 141". 
  40. ^ Ballotpedia. "The Pennsylvania Project". Retrieved July 26, 2013. 
  41. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General Office (October 6, 2015). "561 Academically Challenged Schools Overlooked by the Department of Education" (PDF). 
  42. ^ Joe Sylvester (October 7, 2015). "8 schools in Valley jilted, audit reveals". The Daily Item. 
  43. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General Office (October 7, 2015). "Special Performance Audit Report - Pennsylvania Department of Education" (PDF). 
  44. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program 2014-15, April, 2014
  45. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development (April 2014). "Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credit Program FAQ". 
  46. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2012). "Tuition rate Fiscal Year 2011-2012". 
  47. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 10, 2015). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide School District Ranking 2015". 
  48. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 11, 2014). "What makes up a district's School Performance Profile score?". 
  49. ^ Paul Jablow (November 18, 2015). "Understanding the PSSA exams". The Notebook. 
  50. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 11, 2014). "Western Pennsylvania School Guide 2014". 
  51. ^ "Statewide Honor Roll Rankings 2013". Pittsburgh Business Times. April 5, 2013. 
  52. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 11, 2011). "Statewide Honor Roll.". 
  53. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (May 1, 2010). "Statewide Honor Roll.". 
  54. ^ "Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County,". Pittsburgh Business Times,. May 23, 2007. 
  55. ^ "2009 PSSA RESULTS Scranton School District,". The Morning Call. Retrieved March 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  56. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Scranton School District AYP Overview 2012". 
  57. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "Scranton School District AYP Overview". 
  58. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Scranton School District AYP Overview 2010, October 20, 2010
  59. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Scranton School District AYP Overview 2009, September 14, 2009
  60. ^ The Institute for Public Policy & Economic Development (May 2009). "Lackawanna and Luzerne Indicators Report - Education". 
  61. ^ PDE, Scranton School District AYP Report 2007, 2007
  62. ^ PDE, Scranton School District AYP Report 2005, 2005
  63. ^ PDE, Scranton School District AYP Report 2004, 2004
  64. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Scranton School District AYP table 2012". 
  65. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Scranton School District AYP table 2011, September 29, 2011
  66. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". 
  67. ^ "Scranton School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table". Retrieved April 20, 2011. 
  68. ^ The Times-Tribune (June 27, 2010). "PA School District Statistical Snapshot Database 2008-09". 
  69. ^ The Times-Tribune (June 25, 2009). "Lackawanna County Graduation Rates 2008". 
  70. ^ Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children. "High School Graduation rate 2007" (PDF). Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  71. ^ Jan Murphy (January 30, 2009). "Report: One-third of local high schoolers unprepared for college". 
  72. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 20, 2009). "Pennsylvania College Remediation Report 2009". 
  73. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, IPEDS Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, 2008
  75. ^ Scranton School District Administration (February 26, 2008). "Scranton School District Academic Standards and Assessment Report". 
  76. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements". Retrieved February 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  77. ^ Scranton School District Administration. "Scranton High School Student Handbook". 
  78. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education, Proposed changes to Chapter 4, May 10, 2012
  79. ^ Jan Murphey (February 3, 2016). "Wolf signs bill to suspend use of Keystone Exams as a graduation requirement". 
  80. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Keystone Exam Overview" (PDF). 
  81. ^ Associated Press (January 20, 2016). "State moves ahead with plan to delay Keystone Exams as graduation requirement". 
  82. ^ Megan Harris (September 12, 2013). "Pennsylvania changing high school graduation requirements". Tribune Live. 
  83. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 2011). "Pennsylvania Keystone Exams Overview". 
  84. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education (2010). "Rules and Regulation Title 22 PA School Code CH. 4". 
  85. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, State Board of Education Finalizes Adoption of Pennsylvania Common Core State Academic Standards and High School Graduation Requirements, March 14, 2013
  86. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Keystone Exams". 
  87. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Dual Enrollment Guidelines.". 
  88. ^ "Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement.". March 2010. 
  89. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. (April 29, 2010). "Report: PA College Credit Transfer System Makes Higher Education More Affordable, Accessible". 
  90. ^ Pennsylvania Bureau of Special Education Services (2013). "Scranton School District Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets". 
  91. ^ Pennsylvania Bureau of Special Education (January 31, 2011). "Scranton School District Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009" (PDF). 
  92. ^ Gerald L. Zahorchak, D. Ed. (May 30, 2007). "House Education Committee Hearing on Governor's Proposed Increase for Accountability Block Grants Testimony for Gerald L. Zahorchak, D. Ed. Secretary, Pennsylvania Department of Education" (PDF). 
  93. ^ NEIU (2010–2011). "Scranton School District Annual Public Notice of Special Education Services" (PDF). 
  94. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Bureau of Special Education (September 2005). "Gaskin Settlement Agreement Overview Facts Sheet" (PDF). 
  95. ^ Eleanor Chute., Modified PSSA test in math offered for 1st time, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 18, 2010
  96. ^ "PSSA and Keystone Exam Accommodation Guidelines for Students with IEPs and 504 Plans". 2015. 
  97. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (December 12, 2014). "PSSA/ Keystone Accommodations Guidelines (PDE) 2015". 
  98. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Special Education Funding". 
  99. ^ Senator Patrick Browne (November 1, 2011). "Senate Education Committee Holds Hearing on Special Education Funding & Accountability". 
  100. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Amy Morton, Executive Deputy Secretary (November 11, 2011). "Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony". 
  101. ^ Baruch Kintisch Education Law Center (November 11, 2011). "Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony" (PDF). 
  102. ^ Amy Morton, Executive Deputy Secretary, Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony, Pennsylvania Department of Education, November 11, 2011
  103. ^ US Department of Education (January 25, 2013). "U.S. Department of Education Clarifies Schools' Obligation to Provide Equal Opportunity to Students with Disabilities to Participate in Extracurricular Athletics". 
  104. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Special Education Funding from Pennsylvania State_2010-2011". 
  105. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Special Education Funding 2011-2012 Fiscal Year". 
  106. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Special Education Funding 2011-2012 Fiscal Year, 2011
  107. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2012). "Investing in PA kids,". 
  108. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Special Education funding report by LEA, July 2014
  109. ^ Special Education Funding Reform Commission (December 11, 2015). "Special Education Funding Reform Commission Report" (PDF). 
  110. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Gifted Students as Percentage of Total Enrollment by School District/Charter School" (PDF). 
  111. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsylvania School Board. "CHAPTER 16. Special Education For Gifted Students". Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  112. ^ Pennsylvania Center for Safe Schools. "Scranton School District Safety Reports 2009" (PDF). 
  113. ^ Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports
  114. ^ "Scranton School Board Bullying Policy" (PDF). 
  115. ^ Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8
  116. ^ Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania,. "Bullying Prevention advisory". 
  117. ^ Scranton School Board. "Safe Schools Policy - Lackawanna County" (PDF). 
  118. ^ Pennsylvania State Board of Education. "Pennsylvania Academic Standards". 
  119. ^ "Scranton School Payroll report". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved April 20, 2011. 
  120. ^ Teachers need to know enough is enough, PaDelcoTimes, April 20, 2010.
  121. ^ "Scranton School District Teachers Union Employment Contract 2011". 
  122. ^ "Legislature must act on educators' pension hole.". The Patriot News. February 21, 2010. 
  123. ^ Fenton, Jacob,. "Average classroom teacher salary in Lackawanna County, 2006-07.". The Morning Call. Retrieved March 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  124. ^ Pennsylvania Labor Relations Board (November 2011). "2011 Fact Finding Reports". 
  125. ^ Eric Deabill (February 23, 2012). "Scranton Teachers Issue Strike Notice for Monday". 
  126. ^ Fenton, Jacob. (Feb 2009). "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?, '". The Morning Call. 
  127. ^ "Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort by Administrative Spending". 
  128. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Fund Balances by Local Education Agency 1997 to 2008". 
  130. ^ Penn State Cooperative Extension (2007). "Which Local Taxes Are Available in Pennsylvania?". 
  131. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Revenue (October 2010). "Personal Income Tax Information". 
  132. ^ Pennsylvania Representative Todd Stephens (January 23, 2014). "LEEF Funding Chart 2014". 
  133. ^ JANICE BISSETT & ARNOLD HILLMAN (2006). "A Summary of the History and Financing of Education in Pennsylvania 1682- 2013" (PDF). PA Association of Rural and Small Schools. 
  134. ^ Jan Murphey (January 4, 2016). "Here's the payout your school district gets from the partial 2015-16 state budget". 
  135. ^ Jennifer Wakeman (January 4, 2016). "Harrisburg releases $3.3 billion in delayed funds". 
  136. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly (June 26, 2015). "Basic Education Funding Commission". 
  137. ^ Jan Murphy (January 6, 2016). "School funding distribution gives rise to new battle between Wolf, GOP lawmakers". 
  138. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2016). "Summary of State Appropriations for Education 2015-2016 Fiscal Year Education Budget". 
  139. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, EdBudget 2015-16 BEF, April 6, 2016
  140. ^ Jan Murphy (April 6, 2016). "Governor's 2015-16 Basic Eductaion Funding & Ready to Learn Block Grant Distributions Compared to HB1801 Districtbutions" (PDF). 
  141. ^ Jan Murphy (April 6, 2016). "Here's what the difference between school funding formulas means to your district". 
  142. ^ Francine Schertzer., The Week PA, PCNTV Jan Murphey interview, April 11, 2016
  143. ^ Office of the Budget, Pennsylvania Total Operating Budget, March 2016
  144. ^ PDE (July 7, 2014). "Enacted Education Budget 2014-2015". 
  145. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2014-15 Enacted Education Budget Fast Facts, July 14, 2014
  146. ^ Democrat Appropriations Committee, Report on Education funding by LEA, July 2, 2013
  147. ^ Sam Wood & Brian X. McCrone (January 29, 2014). "Montgomery County lawmaker proposes using Pa. horse racing funds for education". Philadelphia Inquirer. 
  148. ^ Pennsylvania Office of the Budget, 2013-14 State Budget Highlights, 2013
  149. ^ Senator Jake Corman (June 28, 2012). "Pennsylvania Education funding by Local School District" (PDF). 
  150. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly Sen Jake Corman (June 29, 2012). "SB1466 of 2012 General Fund Appropriation". 
  151. ^ PA Senate Appropriations Committee (June 28, 2011). "School District 2011-12 Funding Report". 
  152. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2011). "Basic Education Funding". 
  153. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (June 30, 2011). "Basic Education Funding". 
  154. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (June 30, 2011). "Basic Education Funding 2011-2012 Fiscal Year". 
  155. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, District Allocations Report 2009, 2009-10
  156. ^ Pennsylvania House Appropriations Committee (August 2010). "PA House Appropriations Committee Basic Education Funding-Printout2 2010-2011". 
  157. ^ Office of Budget, (February 2010). "Pennsylvania Budget Proposal,". 
  158. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 2009). "Basic Education Funding by School District 2009-10". 
  159. ^ "Pennsylvania Department of Education Report on Funding by school district". October 2009. 
  160. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Funding Report by LEA 2009.
  161. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Accountability Block Grant report 2010, Grantee list 2010". 
  162. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Accountability Block Grant Mid Year report". 
  163. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Pennsylvania Department of Education - Educational Assistance Program Funding 2010-2011 Fiscal Year". 
  164. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General (2008-12-22). "Special Performance Audit Classrooms For the Future grants" (PDF). 
  165. ^ Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. "Lackawanna County ARRA FUNDING Report". Retrieved April 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  166. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Pennsylvania Race to the Top -School Districts Titleia Allocations 2009-10". 
  167. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Press Release (January 2009). "Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support". 
  168. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Pennsylvania Race to the Top Letter to Superintendents". 
  169. ^ Pennsylvania's 'Race to the Top' Fueled by Effective Reforms, Strong Local Support
  170. ^ U.S. Department of Education (March 29, 2010). "Race to the Top Fund,". 
  171. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Common Cents program - Making Every Dollar Count". Retrieved February 1, 2011. 
  172. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Real Estate Tax Rates by School District 2011-12 Real Estate Mills". 
  173. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2004). "Act 511 Tax Report". 
  174. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education,. "Act 511 Tax Report, 2004". 
  175. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Real Estate Tax Millage by School District,". 
  176. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Finances_Real Estate Tax Rates 2009-10". 
  177. ^ Josh Mrozinski (August 1, 2010). "Analysis finds 1,204 of Scranton's 27,037 properties enjoy tax-exempt status". The Times-Tribune. 
  178. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "2010-11 Act 1 of 2006 Referendum Exception Guidelines". 
  179. ^ Kaitlynn Riely (August 4, 2011). "Law could restrict school construction projects". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 
  180. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly (June 29, 2011). "SB330 of 2011". 
  181. ^ Eric Boehm (July 1, 2011). "Property tax reform final piece of state budget". PA Independent. 
  182. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2010). "Special Session Act 1 of 2006 School District Adjusted Index for 2006-2007 through 2011-2012". 
  183. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 2011). "2012-2013 School District Adjusted Index Listing". 
  184. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2010). "Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2010-2011 April 2010". 
  185. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (April 2010). "Pennsylvania SSAct1_Act1 Exceptions Report 2009-2010 May 2009". 
  186. ^ Scarcella, Frank & Pursell, Tricia (May 25, 2010). "Local school tax assessments exceed state averages". The Daily Item. 
  187. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 4, 2009). "Estimated Tax Relief Per Homestead and Farmstead May 1, 2009" (PDF). 
  188. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (May 4, 2010). "Tax Relief per Homestead 5-1-10 Report". 
  189. ^ Pennsylvania Auditor General Office, (2010-02-23). "Special Report Pennsylvania Property Tax Relief,". 
  190. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Property Tax/Rent Rebate Program". 
  191. ^ Tax Foundation (September 22, 2009). "New Census Data on Property Taxes on Homeowners". 
  192. ^ Scranton School Board. "Scranton School District Athletic/Extracurricular Code of Conduct" (PDF). 
  193. ^ Pennsylvania Office of the Governor Press Release, (November 10, 2005). "Home-Schooled, Charter School Children Can Participate in School District Extracurricular Activities,".