|Alternative names||Pon haus, Krepples|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Main ingredients||mush of pork, cornmeal, flour, buckwheat flour, spices|
|Cookbook: Scrapple Media: Scrapple|
Scrapple, also known by the Pennsylvania Dutch name panhaas or "pan rabbit," is traditionally a mush of pork scraps and trimmings combined with cornmeal and wheat flour, often buckwheat flour, and spices. The mush is formed into a semi-solid congealed loaf, and slices of the scrapple are then pan-fried before serving. Scraps of meat left over from butchering, not used or sold elsewhere, were made into scrapple to avoid waste. Scrapple is best known as a rural American food of the Mid-Atlantic states (Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia). Scrapple and panhaas are commonly considered an ethnic food of the Pennsylvania Dutch, including the Mennonites and Amish. Scrapple is found in supermarkets throughout the region in both fresh and frozen refrigerated cases.
Scrapple is typically made of hog offal, such as the head, heart, liver, and other trimmings, which are boiled with any bones attached (often the entire head), to make a broth. Once cooked, bones and fat are removed, the meat is reserved, and (dry) cornmeal is boiled in the broth to make a mush. The meat, finely minced, is returned to the pot and seasonings, typically sage, thyme, savory, black pepper, and others are added. The mush is formed into loaves and allowed to cool thoroughly until set. The proportions and seasoning are very much a matter of the region and the cook's taste.
A few manufacturers have introduced beef and turkey varieties and color the loaf to retain the traditional coloration derived from the original pork liver base.
Scrapple is typically cut into quarter-inch to three-quarter-inch slices and pan-fried until brown to form a crust. It is sometimes first coated with flour. It may be fried in butter or oil and is sometimes deep-fried. Scrapple can also be broiled; this is a good cooking method for those who like their scrapple crisp.
History and regional popularity
The roots of the culinary traditions that led to the development of scrapple in America have been traced back to pre-Roman Europe. The more immediate culinary ancestor of scrapple was the Low German dish called panhas, which was adapted to make use of locally available ingredients, and it is still called "Pannhaas," "panhoss," "ponhoss," or "pannhas" in parts of Pennsylvania. The first recipes were created by German colonists who settled near Philadelphia and Chester County, Pennsylvania in the 17th and 18th centuries. As a result, scrapple is strongly associated with rural areas surrounding Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington D.C., eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, Delaware, eastern Virginia, and the Delmarva Peninsula. Its popularity on the Delmarva Peninsula is celebrated the second weekend of October during the annual "Apple Scrapple Festival" in Bridgeville, Delaware.
- "Pennsylvania Folklife 22". Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Center. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
- "Food in Colonial and Federal America". Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. Retrieved 2014-05-30.
- "Homemade Scrapple (PA Dutch Pon Haus) | Recipe from Teri's Kitchen". Teriskitchen.com. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
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- "About.com, PA and NJ Regional Recipes. Scrapple Recipes". Philadelphia.about.com. 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
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- Weaver, William Roys (2003). Country Scrapple: An American Tradition. Stackpole Books. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-8117-0064-1.
- "Definition of "pannhas", Dictionary.com Unabridged (v 1.1), based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc., 2006". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
- "Habbersett Scrapple Corporate Internet Site, History". Habbersettscrapple.com. Retrieved 2011-04-10.