Screamadelica

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Screamadelica
Screamadelica album cover.jpg
Studio album by Primal Scream
Released 23 September 1991 (1991-09-23)
Recorded 1990–1991
Genre
Length 64:48
Label Creation, Sire
Producer
Primal Scream chronology
Primal Scream
(1989)Primal Scream1989
Screamadelica
(1991)
Give Out But Don't Give Up
(1994)Give Out But Don't Give Up1994
Singles from Screamadelica
  1. "Loaded"
    Released: February 1990
  2. "Come Together"
    Released: August 1990
  3. "Higher Than the Sun"
    Released: June 1991
  4. "Don't Fight It, Feel It"
    Released: August 1991
  5. "Movin' On Up"
    Released: 1991
  6. "Damaged"
    Released: August 1992 (Japan)

Screamadelica is the third studio album by Scottish rock band Primal Scream. It was first released on 23 September 1991 in the United Kingdom by Creation Records and on 8 October 1991 in the United States by Sire Records.

The album was the band's first to be a commercial success, peaking at number 8 on the UK Albums Chart upon its release.[3] It received positive reviews from critics, and has been frequently named one of the best albums of the 1990s in various polls. It won the first Mercury Music Prize in 1992,[4] and has sold over 3 million copies worldwide.

History[edit]

The album was a significant departure from the band's early indie rock sound, drawing inspiration from the house music and acid house music scene (and associated drugs such as LSD and MDMA) which was blossoming at the time of its production. The band enlisted house DJs Andrew Weatherall and Terry Farley on producing duties, although the album also contains a wide range of other influences including gospel and dub.

Although the band wrote a track also called "Screamadelica", it does not appear on the album. The ten-minute dance track was also produced by Andrew Weatherall and sung by Denise Johnson. It appears on the Dixie-Narco EP, released in 1992, and is featured in the opening credits of the now rare Screamadelica VHS video tape.

The album includes "Loaded", which was a top twenty hit single in the UK. Dance DJ Andrew Weatherall began remixing "I'm Losing More Than I'll Ever Have", from their previous album, and the resulting track disassembled the song, adding a drum loop from an Italian bootleg mix of Edie Brickell's "What I Am" and a sample from the Peter Fonda B-movie The Wild Angels. The single "Movin' on Up" was the band's breakthrough hit in the United States, reaching number 2 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart, and also making number 28 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.

Screamadelica was influenced by the Beach Boys' album Pet Sounds (1966). The band's Bobby Gillespie says that after discovering the album, their songs became much softer.[5]

Artwork[edit]

The album cover for Screamadelica was painted by Creation Records' in-house artist Paul Cannell.[6] Cannell was allegedly inspired by a damp water spot he'd seen on the Creation Records offices ceiling after taking LSD.[7]

Screamadelica was among ten album covers chosen by the Royal Mail for a set of "Classic Album Cover" postage stamps issued in January 2010.[8][9]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[2]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music5/5 stars[10]
Entertainment WeeklyB+[11]
Los Angeles Times3/4 stars[12]
Mojo4/5 stars[13]
NME10/10[14]
Pitchfork9.0/10[15]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide3/5 stars[16]
Select5/5[17]
Uncut5/5 stars[18]

Screamadelica was well received by critics. In a contemporary review for Spin, Simon Reynolds found the record "totally mind-blowing" whose best songs were "almost unclassifiable".[19] AllMusic writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine called Screamadelica "an album that transcends its time and influence."[2] Pitchfork praised the album on their 2003 list of the "Top 100 albums of the '90s," saying: "Screamadelica's atmospheric and imaginative hybrid of past, present and future captured its moment in vivid color and splendor, and it still radiates with a kaleidoscopic glow."[20]

In a 2009 review, the BBC hailed the album as "a solid gold classic."[21] Robert Christgau of The Village Voice, on the other hand, assigned it a "neither" rating, indicating an album that does not warrant repeated listening despite coherent craft and one or two highlights.[22]

Accolades[edit]

  • The album won the first Mercury Music Prize in 1992.
  • It was Melody Maker's album of the year in 1991.[23]
  • It was Select's album of the year in 1991.[24]
  • In 1996, Select named it as the number 1 album of the 1990s.
  • NME placed it at no. 3 in its "Best Albums of 1991" list.[25]
  • In 2003, NME placed it at no. 23 in its "100 Best Albums Ever" list.[26] In 2006, the magazine also placed it at no. 15 in its "Greatest British Albums Ever" list.[27]
  • NME also named it the "Druggiest Album Ever" in 2011.
  • In 2000, Q placed the album at number 18 on their list of the "100 Greatest British Albums."[28] In 2001, Q placed it at number 81 on a list of the "Top 100 Albums of All Time."[29] The album ranked number 2 in Q's "Best 50 Albums of Q's Lifetime" list.[30]
  • In 2003, Pitchfork placed it at number 77 in a list of the "Top 100 Albums of the '90s."[20]
  • Also in 2003, the album topped The Scotsman's list of 100 Best Scottish Albums.[31]
  • It appeared in Channel 4's list of the "100 Greatest Albums of All Time."[32]
  • According to Acclaimed Music, a site which uses statistics to numerically represent critical reception, Screamadelica is the 84th most acclaimed album of all time, and the 11th most acclaimed of the 1990s.[33]

"Movin' on Up" was used on the previous Telewest Broadband commercials before Virgin Media bought them out. Subsequently, Bacardi spirits used the song on a UK television ad. The song was also featured in the popular game Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas on alternative radio station Radio X. A Northern soul version was also recorded by Edwin Starr for the cult British surfing film Blue Juice.

Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo of French electronic duo Daft Punk, who drew inspiration from the rock and acid house in the United Kingdom during the early 1990s, referred to Screamadelica as the record that "put everything together in terms of genre".[34]

Commercial performance[edit]

The album reached number 8 on the UK Albums Chart, and was later certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry. The album has now sold 680,000 copies as of September 2011.[35]

Legacy[edit]

To commemorate the 20th anniversary of the release of the album, Primal Scream performed the entire album live at Olympia London in West London on 26 and 27 November 2010. The performance included a full gospel choir and horn section.[36] The first of these gigs was broadcast live on BBC 6 Music, presented by Steve Lamacq.[37] These gigs were followed by a UK tour in March 2011, where the band performed the album in full.

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by Bobby Gillespie, Andrew Innes, and Robert Young, except "Slip Inside This House" written by Roky Erickson and Tommy Hall.

No.TitleProducersLength
1."Movin' On Up"Jimmy Miller3:47
2."Slip Inside This House" ([A])
5:14
3."Don't Fight It, Feel It"
6:51
4."Higher Than the Sun"The Orb3:36
5."Inner Flight"
  • Andrew Weatherall
  • Hugo Nicolson
5:00
6."Come Together" ([B])
  • Andrew Weatherall
  • Hugo Nicolson
10:21
7."Loaded"Andrew Weatherall7:01
8."Damaged"Jimmy Miller5:37
9."I'm Comin' Down"
  • Andrew Weatherall
  • Hugo Nicolson
5:59
10."Higher Than the Sun (A Dub Symphony in Two Parts)"
  • Andrew Weatherall
  • Hugo Nicolson
7:37
11."Shine Like Stars"
  • Andrew Weatherall
  • Hugo Nicolson
3:45

20th Anniversary Limited Collector's Edition[edit]

All tracks written by Bobby Gillespie, Andrew Innes, and Robert Young, except "Carry Me Home" written by Dennis Wilson and Gregg Jakobson.

All tracks written by Bobby Gillespie, Andrew Innes, and Robert Young, except "Cold Turkey" written by John Lennon, and "No Fun" written by Dave Alexander, Ron Asheton, Scott Asheton, and Iggy Pop.

Notes

  • A ^ The lyrics of "Slip Inside This House" were truncated and altered in places in comparison to the song's original recording by the 13th Floor Elevators. A notable example of such modification is in the chorus, where "Slip inside this house" was altered to "Trip inside this house".
  • B ^ On the American pressings of the album, the Terry Farley mix of "Come Together" was featured in place of the original UK mix. The Farley mix runs 8:06.

Samples

Personnel[edit]

Primal Scream[edit]

Guests[edit]

Additional personnel[edit]

Release history[edit]

Country Date Label Format Catalogue #
United Kingdom 23 September 1991[38] Creation Records CD CRECD 076
2LP CRELP 076
MD CREMD 076
Japan 1 October 1991[39] Columbia Music CD COCY 7985
United States 8 October 1991[40] Sire Records/WEA CD 9 26714-2

Singles[edit]

Song Release date Release info Peak chart positions
UK
[3]
AUS
[41]
GER
[42]
IE
[43]
NED
[44]
US Alt.
[45]
US MSR
[45]
"Loaded" February 1990 Creation (CRE 070) 16 31
"Come Together" August 1990 Creation (CRE 078) 26
"Higher Than the Sun" June 1991 Creation (CRE 096) 40
"Don't Fight It, Feel It" August 1991 Creation (CRE 110) 41
"Movin' on Up" (U.S.-only release) October 1991 Sire/Warner Bros. 93 2 10
Dixie-Narco EP January 1992 Creation (CRE 117) 11 91 10
"Damaged" (Japan-only release) August 1992 Columbia (COCY-5181)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nick Duerden; Ian Gittins; Shaun Phillips (1997). MTV-cyclopedia: The Official MTV Guide to the Hottest Bands, Stars, Events and Music. Carlton. p. 100. ISBN 978-1-85868-336-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Screamadelica – Primal Scream". AllMusic. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Primal Scream". Chart Stats. Archived from the original on 2012-12-06. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  4. ^ "1992 Shortlist – Barclaycard Mercury Prize". Mercuryprize.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  5. ^ Hart, Ron (12 April 2016). "The Beach Boys' Pet Sounds Celebrates its 50th Anniversary: Artists Pay Tribute to the Eternal Teenage Symphony". Pitchfork. 
  6. ^ Sloan, Billy (10 January 2010). "Primal Scream star Bobby Gillespie hails artist who [was] behind iconic Screamadelica cover after stamp tribute". Daily Record (Scotland). Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  7. ^ Caspar Llewellyn Smith. "Primal Scream: The band who made a rave new world | Music | The Observer". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  8. ^ "Classic Album Covers: Issue Date – 7 January 2010". Royal Mail. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  9. ^ Michaels, Sean (8 January 2010). "Coldplay album gets stamp of approval from Royal Mail". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 
  10. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). The Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th concise ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-85712-595-8. 
  11. ^ Wyman, Bill (8 November 1991). "Screamadelica". Entertainment Weekly. New York. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  12. ^ Hochman, Steve (19 January 1992). "Primal Scream 'Screamadelica' (Sire)". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 October 2016. (Subscription required (help)). 
  13. ^ Bungey, John (February 2016). "Primal Scream: Screamadelica". Mojo. London (267): 108. 
  14. ^ Bailie, Stuart (21 September 1991). "Primal Scream – Screamadelica". NME. London. Archived from the original on 11 October 2000. Retrieved 16 November 2015. 
  15. ^ Ewing, Tom (4 January 2016). "Primal Scream: Screamadelica". Pitchfork. Retrieved 4 January 2016. 
  16. ^ Sheffield, Rob (2004). "Primal Scream". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 654. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  17. ^ Perry, Andrew (October 1991). "Primal Scream: Screamadelica". Select. London (16): 70. 
  18. ^ Quantick, David (March 2011). "Primal Scream: Screamadelica". Uncut. London (166): 102. 
  19. ^ LLC, SPIN Media (1 November 1991). "SPIN". SPIN Media LLC – via Google Books. 
  20. ^ a b Plagenhoef, Scott. "Pitchfork – Top 100 Albums of the 1990s". Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  21. ^ Wade, Ian (11 March 2009). "BBC – Music – Review of Primal Scream – Screamadelica". BBC. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  22. ^ Christgau, Robert (2000). "Primal Scream: Screamadelica". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. p. 251. ISBN 0-312-24560-2. Retrieved 9 October 2015. 
  23. ^ "Rocklist.net ... Melody Maker End of year Lists – The '90's". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  24. ^ "Rocklist.net ... Select End Of Year Lists". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  25. ^ "Rocklist.net ... NME End Of Year Lists 1991". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. 1992-05-09. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  26. ^ "Rocklist.net ... NME Writers Lists". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  27. ^ "Rocklist.net ... NME Writers Lists". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  28. ^ Q magazine, June 2000 issue
  29. ^ "Radiohead romp home in Q poll". BBC. 2001-09-13. Retrieved 2007-02-21. 
  30. ^ Q magazine, October 2001 issue
  31. ^ "100 best Scottish albums". The Scotsman. 
  32. ^ "Channel4 – 100 Greatest Albums". Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  33. ^ "Primal Scream". Acclaimed Music. Retrieved 11 September 2015. 
  34. ^ Suzanne Ely, "Return of the Cybermen", Mixmag, July 2006, pp. 94–98.
  35. ^ "Mercury Prize Winners – The Guardian Google spreadsheet". Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  36. ^ "Primal Scream to play Screamadelica for 20th anniversary". Metro (Associated Metro Limited). 17 February 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  37. ^ "6Music Live Primal Screamdelica". BBC. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  38. ^ "Screamadelica: Primal Scream: Amazon.co.uk (this is the first/original Creation issue)". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  39. ^ Product details Oricon
  40. ^ "Screamadelica: Primal Scream". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03. 
  41. ^ Ryan, Gavin (2011). Australia's Music Charts 1988-2010. Mt. Martha, VIC, Australia: Moonlight Publishing. 
  42. ^ German singles:
  43. ^ Irish EPs and singles: "Irish Singles". irishcharts.ie. Retrieved 2016-08-06. 
  44. ^ "Dutch Singles". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 2016-08-06. 
  45. ^ a b "Primal Scream > Charts & Awards > Billboard Singles". AllMusic. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

External links[edit]