Screen Gems

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Screen Gems, Inc.
IndustryAnimation (1928–1946)
Television (1948–1974)
Film (1998–present)
Founded1933; 86 years ago (1933) (as animation studio)
1948; 71 years ago (1948) (as television subsidiary)
1998; 21 years ago (1998) (as film studio)
Area served
Key people
Steve Bersch (President)
ProductsMotion pictures
ParentSony Pictures Entertainment

Screen Gems, Inc. was an American film production and distribution studio that was a division of Sony Pictures's Motion Picture Group, a subsidiary of Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony.[1] It has served several different purposes for its parent companies over the decades since its incorporation. The label currently specializes in genre films, mainly horror.[2]

Animation studio: 1933–1946[edit]

In 1924, Charles Mintz married Margaret J. Winkler,an independent film distributor that had distributed quite a few animated series during the silent era. He quickly assumed roles in the distribution of these series. Amongst those were Walt Disney Alice Comedies and Krazy Kat. After Charles Mintz become involved with the progress it was clear that he was unhappy with the production costs on cartoons and asked Disney and Ub Iwerks to develop a new character. The result was Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, the first animated character for Universal Pictures.[3] In February 1928, when the character proved more successful than expected, Disney set on train to meet with Mintz over the budget wanting to spend more on the cartoons Mintz refused Mintz hired away all of Disney's animators except Iwerks, who refused to leave Disney, and moved the production of the Oswald cartoons to his new Charles Mintz Studio, along with Margaret Winkler's brother, George. After losing the Oswald contract to Walter Lantz, Mintz focused on the Krazy Kat series, which was the output of a Winkler-distributed property. The Winkler Studio became known as the Mintz Studio after he took over in 1929, and in 1930, Mintz partnered with Columbia Pictures for distribution. In 1938, a few months before his death, Mintz relinquished ownership of his studio and the Screen Gems name to Columbia to settle longstanding financial problems.[4] Walt Disney mentioned in an interview that Mintz cultivated his standards for high-quality cartoon movies, and he kept emphasizing them even after their contract ended.[5]

Mintz was nominated for two Academy Awards for Best Short Subject. His first nomination was in 1935 for Holiday Land, and he was nominated again in 1938 for The Little Match Girl. The name was originally used in 1933, when Columbia Pictures acquired a stake in Charles Mintz's animation studio.[6] The name was derived from an early Columbia Pictures slogan, "Gems of the Screen"; itself a takeoff on the song "Columbia, the Gem of the Ocean".[7]

For an entire decade, Charles Mintz produced Krazy Kat, Scrappy, and Color Rhapsody animated film shorts through Columbia Pictures. When Mintz became indebted to Columbia in 1938, he ended up selling his studio to them. Mintz's production manager became the studio head but was shortly replaced by Mintz's brother-in-law, George Winkler. Columbia then decided to "clean house" by ousting the bulk of the staff (including Winkler) and hiring creative cartoonist Frank Tashlin. After Tashlin's short stay came Dave Fleischer, formerly of the Fleischer Studios, and after several of his successors came Ray Katz and Henry Binder from Warner Bros. Cartoons (previously Leon Schlesinger Productions). Animators, directors, and writers at the series included people such as Art Davis, Sid Marcus, Bob Wickersham, and during its latter period, Bob Clampett.

Like most studios, the Screen Gems studio had several established characters on their roster. These included Flippity and Flop, Willoughby Wren, and Tito and His Burrito. However, the most successful characters the studio had were The Fox and the Crow, a comic duo of a refined Fox and a street-wise Crow.

Screen Gems was, in an attempt to keep costs low, the last American animation studio to stop producing black and white cartoons. The final black-and-white Screen Gems shorts appeared in 1946, over three years after the second-longest holdouts (Famous Studios and Leon Schlesinger Productions). During that same year, the studio shut its doors for good,[8] though their animation output continued to be distributed until 1946, which it was renamed Pioneer Telefilms until 1948.

The Screen Gems cartoons were only moderately successful in comparison to those of Walt Disney Animation Studios, Warner Bros. Cartoons, and MGM Cartoons. The studio's purpose was assumed by an outside producer, United Productions of America (UPA), whose cartoons, including Gerald McBoing Boing and the Mr. Magoo series, were major critical and commercial successes.

Theatrical short film series[edit]

One-shot theatrical short films[edit]

  • The Great Cheese Mystery (1941)
  • The Dumbconscious Mind (1942)
  • The Vitamin G-Man (1943)
  • He Can't Make It Stick (1943)

Television subsidiary: 1948–1974[edit]

Screen Gems, Inc.
Television subsidiary of Columbia Pictures
IndustryTelevision production
Television distribution
FateRenamed as Columbia Pictures Television
PredecessorPioneer Telefilms (1947-1948)
SuccessorsColumbia Pictures Television
Columbia TriStar Television
Sony Pictures Television
FoundedNovember 1948; 70 years ago (November 1948)
DefunctMay 6, 1974; 45 years ago (May 6, 1974)
HeadquartersNew York City
Los Angeles, California USA
ParentColumbia Pictures Edit this on Wikidata

In November 1948, Columbia borrowed the Screen Gems name for its television production subsidiary when the studio acquired Pioneer Telefilms, a television commercial company founded in 1947 by Ralph Cohn, the nephew of Columbia's head Harry Cohn.[9] Pioneer was later reorganized as Screen Gems.[9] The studio started its new business in New York on April 15, 1949.[9]

By 1951, Screen Gems became a full-fledged television studio by producing and syndicating several popular shows (see below).

By 1952, the studio had produced a series of about 100 film-record coordinated releases for television under the brand "TV Disk Jockey Toons" in which the films "synchronize perfectly with the records".[10]

On July 1, 1956, studio veteran Irving Briskin stepped down as stage manager of Columbia Pictures and form his production company Briskin Productions, Inc. to release series through Screen Gems and supervise all of its productions.[11] On December 10, 1956, Screen Gems expanded into television syndication by acquiring Hygo Television Films (a.k.a. Serials Inc.) and its affiliated company United Television Films, Inc. Hygo Television Films was founded in 1951 by Jerome Hyams, who also acquired United Television Films in 1955 that was founded by Archie Mayers.[12] During that year, the studio began syndicating Columbia Pictures's theatrical film library to television, including the wildly successful series of two-reel short subjects starring The Three Stooges in 1957. Earlier on August 2, 1957, they also acquired syndication rights to "Shock!", a package of Universal horror films (later shifted to MCA TV), which was enormously successful in reviving that genre.[13] The name "Screen Gems," at the time, was used to hide the fact that the film studio was entering television production and distribution. Many film studios saw television as a threat to their business, thus it was expected that they would shun the medium. However, Columbia was one of a few studios who branched out to television under a pseudonym to conceal the true ownership of the television arm. That is until 1955, when Columbia decided to use the woman from its logo under the Screen Gems banner, officially billing itself as a part of "the Hollywood studios of Columbia Pictures", as spoken in announcements at the end of some Screen Gems series.

From 1958 to 1974, under President John H. Mitchell and Vice President of Production Harry Ackerman, Screen Gems delivered classic TV shows and sitcoms: Father Knows Best, Dennis the Menace, The Donna Reed Show, Hazel, Here Come the Brides, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, Gidget, Bewitched, I Dream of Jeannie, The Flying Nun, The Monkees, and The Partridge Family. It was also the original distributor for Hanna-Barbera Productions, an animation studio founded by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera after leaving Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, and was also the distributor of the Soupy Sales show. The company also entered a co-production deal with Canada's CTV Television Network and produced several shows, many of which were filmed or taped in Toronto for distribution to Canadian stations (Showdown, The Pierre Berton Show).[citation needed] The company even expanded as far as Australia, opening Screen Gems Australia to produce shows for that country's networks, including The Graham Kennedy Show for the Nine Network.[14]

In the late 1950s, Screen Gems also entered into ownership and operation of television stations. Stations owned by Screen Gems over the years included KCPX (Salt Lake City; now KTVX, owned by Nexstar Media Group), WVUE (New Orleans; now owned by Gray Television), WAPA (San Juan; now owned by the Hemisphere Media Group), WNJU (Linden, NJ; now owned by NBCUniversal), and several radio stations as well, including 50,000-watt clear channel WWVA (Wheeling WV; now owned by iHeartMedia). As a result, in funding its acquisitions, 18% of Screen Gems' shares was spun off from Columbia and it became a publicly traded company in NYSE until 1968.

From 1964–1969, former child star Jackie Cooper was Vice President of Program Development. He was responsible for packaging series (such as Bewitched) and other projects and selling them to the networks.

In 1965, Columbia Pictures acquired a fifty percent interest in the New York-based commercial production company EUE, which was incorporated into Screen Gems and renamed EUE/Screen Gems. The studios were sold in 1982 to longtime Columbia Pictures Executive, George Cooney, shortly after Columbia Pictures was sold to The Coca-Cola Company.

On December 23, 1968, Screen Gems merged with its parent company Columbia Pictures Corporation and became part of the newly formed Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. for $24.5 million.[15]

On May 6, 1974, Screen Gems was renamed Columbia Pictures Television as suggested by then-studio president David Gerber.[16] The final notable production from this incarnation of Screen Gems before the name change was the 1974 mini-series QB VII. Columbia was, technically, the last major studio to enter television by name.

Changes in corporate ownership of Columbia came in 1982, when Coca-Cola bought the company, although continuing to trade under the CPT name. In the mid-1980s, Coca-Cola reorganized its television holdings to create Coca-Cola Television, merging CPT with the television unit of Embassy Communications as Columbia/Embassy Television,[17] although both companies continued to use separate identities until January 4, 1988, when it and Tri-Star Television were reunited under the CPT name. Columbia also ran Colex Enterprises, a joint venture with LBS Communications to distribute the Screen Gems library, which ended in 1988.[18]

On December 21, 1987, Coca-Cola spun off its entertainment holdings and sold it to Tri-Star Pictures, Inc. for $3.1 billion. It was renamed to Columbia Pictures Entertainment, Inc., also creating Columbia/Tri-Star by merging Columbia and Tri-Star. Both studios continued to produce and distribute films under their separate names.[19] In 1989, Columbia Pictures Entertainment was purchased by Sony Corporation of Japan. On August 7, 1991, Columbia Pictures Entertainment was renamed as Sony Pictures Entertainment as a film production-distribution subsidiary and subsequently combined CPT with a revived TriStar Television in 1994 to form Columbia TriStar Television. The name "Screen Gems" was also utilized for a syndicated hour-long program for classic television called Screen Gems Network that aired in 1999 and ran until 2002.[20]

The television division today is presently known as Sony Pictures Television.

Selected TV shows[edit]

Television programs produced and/or syndicated by Screen Gems (most shows produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions are now owned and distributed by Warner Bros. Television Distribution, except for Jeannie and Partridge Family 2200 A.D. (see below):

Hanna-Barbera Productions[edit]

Note: The following shows were produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions until 1974.

Briskin Productions[edit]

Specialty feature film studio, 1998–present[edit]

The Screen Gems logo (June 4, 1999–present).

In 1998, Screen Gems was resurrected as a fourth specialty film-producing arm of Sony's Columbia TriStar Motion Picture Group. It was created after Triumph Films was closed down.[23] Screen Gems produces and releases "films that fall between the wide-release films traditionally developed and distributed by Columbia Pictures and those released by Sony Pictures Classics".[24] Many of its releases are of the horror, thriller, action, drama, comedy and urban genres, making the unit similar to Dimension Films (part of Lantern Entertainment), Hollywood Pictures (part of the Walt Disney Company), and Rogue Pictures (when it was formally owned by Relativity Media and before that, Universal Studios).

The highest grossing Screen Gems film, as of March 2017, is Resident Evil: The Final Chapter, which grossed a total of $307,000,000 worldwide so far.

Screen Gems films[edit]


Release Date Title Notes Budget Gross
June 4, 1999 Limbo $10 million $2,160,710
July 9, 1999 Arlington Road USA distribuition, co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment $21.5 million $41,067,311


Release Date Title Notes Budget Gross
April 5, 2000 Black and White co-production with Palm Pictures $5,277,299
April 28, 2000 Timecode $4 million $1,431,406
September 29, 2000 Girlfight $1,666,028
January 19, 2001 Snatch U.S. distribution only, co-production with SKA Films and Columbia Pictures $10 million $83,557,872
March 23, 2001 The Brothers $6 million $27,958,191
April 27, 2001 The Forsaken $15 million $7,288,451
August 24, 2001 Ghosts of Mars $28 million $14,010,832
September 7, 2001 Two Can Play That Game $13 million $22,391,450
January 25, 2002 The Mothman Prophecies co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment $32 million $54,639,865
February 1, 2002 Slackers co-production with Original Film and Alliance Atlantis $14 million $6,413,915
March 15, 2002 Resident Evil co-production with Constantin Film, Capcom, New Legacy Film, Davis Films and Impact Pictures $33 million $102,441,078
October 11, 2002 Swept Away $10 million $598,645
October 18, 2002 The 51st State U.S. distribution only, co-production with Alliance Atlantis and Momentum Pictures $27 million $14,439,698
November 15, 2002 Half Past Dead co-production with Franchise Pictures $25 million $19,233,280
August 22, 2003 The Medallion theatrically released by TriStar Pictures in USA $41 million $34,268,701
September 19, 2003 Underworld also with Lakeshore Entertainment $22 million $95,708,457
October 31, 2003 In the Cut co-production with Pathé $12 million $23,726,793
January 22, 2004 D.E.B.S. co-production with Destination Films, Samuel Goldwyn Films and Anonymous Content $3.5 million $97,446
January 30, 2004 You Got Served $8 million $48,631,561
May 14, 2004 Breakin' All the Rules $10 million $12,544,254
August 27, 2004 Anacondas: The Hunt for the Blood Orchid also with Columbia Pictures and Middle Fork Productions $25 million $70,992,898
September 10, 2004 Resident Evil: Apocalypse co-production with Constantin Film, Capcom, Davis Films and Impact Pictures $45 million $129,394,835
February 4, 2005 Boogeyman also with Ghost House Pictures $20 million $67,192,859
March 25, 2005 Steamboy European distribution only; co-production with Sunrise, Toho and Triumph Films $20 million $18,900,000
August 26, 2005 The Cave co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment and Cinerenta $30 million $33,296,457
September 9, 2005 The Exorcism of Emily Rose co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment and Firm Films $19 million $140,238,064
October 7, 2005 The Gospel co-production with Rainforest Films $3.5 million $15,778,152
January 6, 2006 Hostel also with Lionsgate Films $4.8 million $80.6 million
January 20, 2006 Underworld: Evolution also with Lakeshore Entertainment $50 million $111,340,801
February 3, 2006 When a Stranger Calls co-production with Davis Entertainment $15 million $66,966,987
March 3, 2006 Ultraviolet $30 million $31,070,211
September 8, 2006 The Covenant co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment and Sandstorm Films $20 million $37,597,471
January 12, 2007 Stomp the Yard co-production with Rainforest Films $13 million $75,511,123
February 2, 2007 The Messengers also with Columbia Pictures and Ghost House Pictures $16 million $54,957,265
April 20, 2007 Vacancy $19 million $35,300,645
June 8, 2007 Hostel: Part II also with Lionsgate Films $10.2 million $35,619,521
September 21, 2007 Resident Evil: Extinction co-production with Constantin Film, Capcom, Davis Films and Impact Pictures $45 million $147,717,833
November 21, 2007 This Christmas co-production with Rainforest Films $13 million $50,778,121
January 11, 2008 First Sunday co-production with Cube Vision, The Story Company and Firm Films $38,608,838
January 25, 2008 Untraceable also with Universal Pictures and Lakeshore Entertainment $35 million $52,431,162
April 11, 2008 Prom Night co-production with Alliance Films $20 million $57,197,876
September 19, 2008 Lakeview Terrace co-production with Overbrook Entertainment $20 million $44,653,637
October 10, 2008 Quarantine co-production with Vertigo Entertainment, Filmax and Andale Pictures $12 million $41,319,906
January 23, 2009 Underworld: Rise of the Lycans co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment and Sketch Films $35 million $91,327,197
February 20, 2009 Fired Up $20 million $18,598,852
April 24, 2009 Obsessed co-production with Rainforest Films $20 million $73,830,340
October 16, 2009 The Stepfather co-production with Granada Productions $20 million $31,178,915
December 4, 2009 Armored $20 million $20,900,733


Release Date Title Notes Budget Gross
January 22, 2010 Legion co-production with Bold Films $26 million $67,918,658
February 5, 2010 Dear John co-production with Relativity Media $25 million $112,157,433
April 16, 2010 Death at a Funeral co-production with Sidney Kimmel Entertainment $21 million $49,050,886
August 27, 2010 Takers co-production with Rainforest Films $32 million $70,587,268
September 10, 2010 Resident Evil: Afterlife co-production with Constantin Film, Capcom, Davis Films and Impact Pictures $60 million $300,228,084
September 17, 2010 Easy A co-production with Olive Bridge Entertainment $8 million $74,952,305
November 24, 2010 Burlesque co-production with De Line Pictures $55 million $90,000,000
December 22, 2010 Country Strong $15 million $20,529,194
February 4, 2011 The Roommate co-production with Vertigo Entertainment $16 million $40,424,438
May 13, 2011 Priest co-production with Tokyopop $60 million $78,309,131
July 22, 2011 Friends with Benefits co-production with Castle Rock Entertainment, Zucker and Olive Bridge Entertainment $35 million $149,542,245
July 29, 2011 Attack the Block U.S distribution only; produced by Stage 6 Films, Icon Productions, StudioCanal, the UK Film Council, Big Talk Productions and Film4 Productions $13 million $5,824,175
September 16, 2011 Straw Dogs $25 million $10,324,441
January 20, 2012 Underworld: Awakening co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment and Sketch Films $70 million $130,856,741
February 10, 2012 The Vow co-production with Spyglass Entertainment $30 million $153,214,597
April 20, 2012 Think Like a Man co-production with Rainforest Films $12 million $96,070,507
September 14, 2012 Resident Evil: Retribution co-production with Constantin Film, Capcom, Davis Films and Impact Pictures $65 million $240,159,255
August 21, 2013 The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones U.S distribution only; produced by FilmDistrict, Entertainment One, and Constantin Film $60 million $75,965,567
September 20, 2013 Battle of the Year $20 million $14,185,460
October 18, 2013 Carrie Theatrical distribuition, co-production with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Misher Films $30 million $82,394,288
February 14, 2014 About Last Night co-production with Rainforest Films and Olive Bridge Entertainment $13 million $49,002,684
June 20, 2014 Think Like a Man Too co-production with Will Packer Productions $24 million $70,181,428
July 2, 2014 Deliver Us from Evil co-production with Jerry Bruckheimer Films and Ingenious Film Partners $30 million $87,937,815
September 12, 2014 No Good Deed co-production with Will Packer Productions $13 million $54,323,210
January 16, 2015 The Wedding Ringer co-production with Miramax Films, LStar Capital, and Will Packer Productions $23 million $79,799,880
September 11, 2015 The Perfect Guy $12 million $60,185,587
February 5, 2016 Pride and Prejudice and Zombies[25] U.K. distribution by Lionsgate; Co-production with Stage 6 Films, Cross Creek Pictures, Sierra Pictures, MadRiver Pictures, Darko Entertainment and Handsomecharlie Films $28 million $16,374,328
August 26, 2016 Don't Breathe co-production with Stage 6 Films and Ghost House Pictures $9.9 million $89,985,571
September 9, 2016 When the Bough Breaks co-production with Unique Features $10 million $30,658,387
January 6, 2017 Underworld: Blood Wars co-production with Lakeshore Entertainment and Sketch Films $35 million $81,093,313
January 27, 2017 Resident Evil: The Final Chapter Co-production with Constantin Film, Davis Films, Impact Pictures, Capcom Co, Ltd. $40 million $312,242,626
October 31, 2017 Keep Watching co-production with Voltage Productions $5 million $94,178
January 12, 2018 Proud Mary $14–30 million $21.8 million
August 10, 2018 Slender Man co-production with Mythology Entertainment, Madhouse Entertainment, and It Is No Dream Entertainment $10–28 million $51.7 million
August 24, 2018 Searching co-production with Bazelevs Company and Stage 6 Films $880,000 $75.5 million
November 30, 2018 The Possession of Hannah Grace co-production with Broken Road Productions $6–7.7 million $43 million
May 3, 2019 The Intruder[26] co-production with Hidden Empire Film Group and Primary Wave Entertainment $5–8 million[27] $36.5 million
May 24, 2019 Brightburn co-production with The H Collective $6–12 million $32.4 million

Upcoming releases[edit]

Release Date Title Notes Director Budget
October 25, 2019 Black and Blue[28] Deon Taylor
September 4, 2020 Monster Hunter co-production with Toho Paul W. Anderson


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External links[edit]