Scribus

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Scribus
Scribus logo.svg
Scribus 1.4.6 under Linux Mint 18
Scribus 1.4.6 under Linux Mint 18
Developer(s)The Scribus Team
Initial release26 June 2003; 16 years ago (2003-06-26)
Stable release
1.4.8[1] / 3 March 2019; 9 months ago (2019-03-03)
Preview release
1.5.5[2] / 2 August 2019; 4 months ago (2019-08-02)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inC++ (Qt)
Operating systemLinux/UNIX, macOS, Windows, OS/2 Warp 4/eComStation, FreeBSD, PC-BSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, Solaris, OpenIndiana, GNU/Hurd, Haiku
Available inMultilingual
TypeDesktop publishing
LicenseGNU LGPL 2.1, MIT, 3-clause BSD, Public domain
Websitewww.scribus.net

Scribus (/ˈskrbəs/) is free open-source desktop publishing (DTP) software available for most desktop operating systems. It is designed for layout, typesetting, and preparation of files for professional-quality image-setting equipment. Scribus can also create animated and interactive PDF presentations and forms. Example uses include writing newspapers, brochures, newsletters, posters, and books.

Scribus is written in Qt and released under the GNU General Public License. There are native versions available for Unix, Linux, BSD, macOS, Haiku, Microsoft Windows, OS/2 and eComStation operating systems.

Many free programs are included in this DTP package.[3] Books about Scribus are available in several languages,[4] including an official manual for v1.3, published through FLES Books in 2009.[5]

General feature overview[edit]

Scribus supports most major bitmap formats, including TIFF, JPEG, and Adobe Photoshop. Vector drawings can be imported or directly opened for editing. The long list of supported formats includes Encapsulated PostScript, SVG, Adobe Illustrator, and Xfig. Professional type/image-setting features include CMYK colors and ICC color management. It has a built-in scripting engine using Python (actual 2.7.13 in 1.5.4). It is available in 60 languages.

High-level printing is achieved using its own internal level 3 PostScript driver, including support for font embedding and sub-setting with TrueType, Type 1, and OpenType fonts. The internal driver supports full Level 2 PostScript constructs and a large subset of Level 3 constructs.

PDF support includes transparency, encryption, and a large set of the PDF 1.5 specification including layers (OCG), as well as PDF/X-3 and PDF/X-4 (since 1.5.1),[6] including interactive PDFs form fields, annotations, and bookmarks.[7][8]

The current file format, called SLA, is XML. Old versions of SLA were based on XML. Text can be imported from OpenDocument (ODT) text documents (such as from LibreOffice Writer), OpenOffice.org XML (OpenOffice.org Writer's SXW files), Microsoft Word's DOC, PDB, and HTML formats (although some limitations apply). ODT files can typically be imported along with their paragraph styles, which are then created in Scribus. HTML tags which modify text, such as bold and italic, are supported. Word and PDB documents are only imported as plain text.[9]

Initially, Scribus did not properly support complex script rendering and so could not be used with Unicode text for languages written in Arabic, Hebrew, Indic, and South East Asian writing systems, even though it supported Unicode character encoding.[10][11] In August 2012, it was announced that a third party had developed a system to support complex Indic scripts.[12][13][14] In May 2015 it was announced that the ScribusCTL project had started to improve complex layout by integrating the OpenType text-shaping engine HarfBuzz into the official Scribus 1.5.1svn branch.[15] In July 2016 it was announced that the text layout engine had been rewritten from scratch in preparation for support of complex scripts coming in Scribus 1.5.3 and later.[16] In December 2016 Scribus announced they got support for OpenType advanced feature in 1.5.3svn, as well as complex script and RTL direction.[17]

As of June 2018 Scribus stable release 1.4.7 did not have OpenType alternative glyph support, so ligatures, for example, aren't inserted automatically.[18] This is available with 1.5.3+.

Support for other programs and formats[edit]

Scribus cannot read or write the native file formats of other DTP programs such as QuarkXPress or InDesign; the developers consider that reverse engineering those file formats would be prohibitively complex and could risk legal action from the makers of those programs.[19] Support for importing Microsoft Publisher is incorporated into version 1.5,[20] and QuarkXPress Tag files, InDesign's IDML, as well as InCopy's ICML formats were added to the development branch.[21]

Due to licensing issues, the software package does not include support for the Pantone color matching system (PMS), which is included in some commercial DTP applications. Pantone colors can be obtained and incorporated within Scribus without licensing issues.[22] Scribus is shipped with more than 100 color palettes (more than 300 since 1.5.3) most donated by various commercial color vendors, but also including scientific, national, and government color standards.

German Organisation freieFarbe e.V. built last HLC Colour Atlas for real colours based on CIELAB. This free Colour Palette is also available in Scribus 1.5.4.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/canvas/1.4.8_Release
  2. ^ "1.5.5 Release - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Scribus Dependencies - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Books about Scribus". Scribus wiki. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Scribus 1.3 Official Manual". FLES Books. 2009. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Scribus PDF/X-3 Overview". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
  7. ^ "1.5.0 Release - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  8. ^ "1.5.1 Release - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  9. ^ https://wiki.scribus.net/wiki/images/9/93/Scribus-specs-152.pdf
  10. ^ "0003965: Metabug: Support for non-latin languages - Mantis Issue Tracker for Scribus". bugs.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  11. ^ "0001547: Support for Indic Scripts - Mantis Issue Tracker for Scribus". bugs.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  12. ^ DAKF (15 August 2012). "Indic Unicode support for Scribus is developed". scribus mailing list. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  13. ^ "Complex Script Functionality". Scribus Wiki. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  14. ^ "0001547: Support for Indic Scripts - Mantis Issue Tracker for Scribus". bugs.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  15. ^ "ScribusCTL project started". Scribus News. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  16. ^ "1.5.2 Release". Scribus Wiki. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  17. ^ "New Text Layout Engine with Full OpenType Support". Scribus News. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  18. ^ "0001413: Support for OpenType alternate glyphs - Mantis Issue Tracker for Scribus". bugs.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Why Scribus doesn't support QuarkXpress and other major publishing applications - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Scribus 1.5.0 Release Schedule - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  21. ^ "File formats that should be supported by Scribus (wish list) - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  22. ^ "How to legally obtain spot colour palettes for use in Scribus 1.3.3.x and later versions - Scribus Wiki". wiki.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  23. ^ "HLC Colour Atlas Released – Scribus". www.scribus.net. Retrieved 11 September 2018.

External links[edit]

Tutorials[edit]

Articles[edit]