Scripps College

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Scripps College
Scripps College seal.svg
MottoIncipit Vita Nova (Latin)
Motto in English
"Here begins new life"
TypePrivate liberal arts college
Women's college
Established1926; 96 years ago (1926)
Academic affiliations
Claremont Colleges
NAICU[1]
CLAC
Annapolis Group
Endowment$374.9 million (2020)[2]
Budget$83 million[3]
PresidentAmy Marcus-Newhall (interim)
Academic staff
136 (102 full-time)(2019)[4]
Students1,109 (2019)[4]
Undergraduates1,089 (2019)[4]
Postgraduates20 (2019)[4]
Location,
U.S.

34°6′13″N 117°42′38″W / 34.10361°N 117.71056°W / 34.10361; -117.71056Coordinates: 34°6′13″N 117°42′38″W / 34.10361°N 117.71056°W / 34.10361; -117.71056
CampusSuburban, 32 acres (12.9 ha)[5]
Colors   Green and white
[6]
NicknameStags (men) / Athenas (women)
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division IIISCIAC
MascotLa Semeuse ("she who sows")
Websitewww.scrippscollege.edu
Scripps College logo.svg

Scripps College is a private liberal arts women's college[a] in Claremont, California. It was founded as a member of the Claremont Colleges in 1926, a year after the consortium's formation. Journalist and philanthropist Ellen Browning Scripps provided its initial endowment.

Scripps is a four-year undergraduate institution and enrolled 958 students as of 2020.[7] It offers instruction in the liberal arts with an emphasis on the humanities,[8][9] and is known for its extensive interdisciplinary core curriculum. Its 32-acre (13 ha) campus was designed by Gordon Kaufmann in the Spanish Colonial Revival style and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Scripps is widely regarded as the most prestigious women's college in the American West,[10] and is consistently ranked the top such college by U.S. News[11] and the other major rankings. It is a top producer of Fulbright students.[12] Its athletes compete on the Claremont-Mudd-Scripps Stags and Athenas joint team in the SCIAC, a Division III conference.

History[edit]

External image
image icon Construction of Toll Hall c. 1927

Founding era[edit]

Scripps' Elm Tree Lawn, replanted in 2008, features Princeton elms.[13]

Scripps College was founded in 1926, one year after the establishment of the Claremont Colleges consortium envisioned by James Blaisdell, as its third member, following coeducational Pomona College and Claremont Graduate University.[14] The college was endowed with a gift from Ellen Browning Scripps, a philanthropist and prominent figure in the worlds of education, publishing, and women's rights. According to Scripps, "The paramount obligation of a college is to develop in its students the ability to think clearly and independently, and the ability to live confidently, courageously, and hopefully."[15] Soon after its founding, in 1927 the first dormitory was dedicated in memory of trustee Eleanor Joy Toll.[16]

At the age of 89, Scripps founded the college as one of the first institutions in the West dedicated to educating women for both professional careers and personal growth. Scripps's "experiment in education" called for a setting with an artistic connection between buildings and garden landscape on an intimate scale.[citation needed]

Postwar era[edit]

Over time, the college has moved away from its finishing school–esque origins.[17]

In 1968, students occupied a grove of olive trees to save them from being cut down to make space for construction of the humanities building.[18][19][20]

21st century[edit]

In 2000, the college opened a centralized dining facility, Mallott Commons,[21] ending the practice of serving meals in the residence halls.[citation needed]

In 2014, the college began admitting transgender women.[22][23]

Campus[edit]

A view of the tree-filled Balch Hall courtyard
Area17.5 acres (7.1 ha)
ArchitectGordon B. Kaufmann
Architectural styleSpanish Colonial Revival, Mediterranean Revival
NRHP reference No.84000887
Added to NRHPSeptember 20, 1984

Scripps College is frequently described as one of America's most beautiful college campuses and has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places since 1984.[24][25][26][27] In its 2017 edition of The Best 379 Colleges, the Princeton Review cited the campus as the twelfth most beautiful in the United States, and has been corroborated by Forbes,[28] U.S. News & World Report, The Huffington Post, and others.[29][30]

Scripps College was the first recipient of the Getty Campus Heritage Initiative Program, which documented different aspects of the college that were deemed historically significant and at risk of change.[31] The original historic precinct was recorded and the history of each site (such as residence hall or garden) was given, an original appearance was described, and a recording of changes over time was taken.[32] Different courtyards on site, such as the Sicilian Court, Iris Court, and Margaret Fowler Garden were surveyed and adjusted to resemble their initial designs wherever possible.

Balch Hall

Scripps is located in the center of the Claremont Colleges,[33] surrounded by Harvey Mudd College to the north, Pitzer College to the east, Claremont McKenna College and Pomona College to the south, and Claremont Graduate University to the west. The original campus was designed by Gordon Kaufmann in the Spanish Colonial Revival style, featuring extensive use of domestic spaces that catered to a 1920s conception of femininity.[34] In general, his 1926 campus plan has been carefully preserved, with major vistas linking the central areas. The overall planting schemes and landscaping devised by Edward Huntsman-Trout[35] are still followed.[36]

The campus also offers a number of interactive landscaping elements, including a rose garden to the north designated for community cutting and fruit trees available for picking. Oranges, grapefruits, pomegranates, kumquats, and loquats are available to students. Scripps also harvests olives from its olive trees and presses it into award-winning olive oil.[37]

Several facilities are shared by the members of the Claremont Consortium. Scripps shares the Keck Science Center with Pitzer College. The Claremont Colleges Library (also known as Honnold/Mudd Library) holds more than 2.7 million items as of 2020, of which 1.1 million are physical and 1.7 million are digital.[38] The consortium also owns the Robert J. Bernard Field Station north of Foothill Boulevard.[39]

Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery[edit]

Scripps College is also the home of the Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery,[40] which maintains Scripps College's permanent art collection of some 12,000 objects spanning 3,000 years of art history.[41] Objects are available for use in classes, displayed in campus exhibitions, and loaned to other exhibiting institutions. Among the holdings in the collection are works by American artists Andy Warhol, Winslow Homer, Childe Hassam, and John James Audubon, and an extensive collection of paintings by the California artist and Scripps Professor Emeritus Millard Sheets. The gallery also holds an extensive collection of Japanese woodblock prints.

Margaret Fowler Garden[edit]

A view of the central pool, northern arcade and sculpture in the Margaret Fowler Garden

Originally designed as a European medieval-style cloister garden to be located east of a proposed (but never built) chapel, the Margaret Fowler Garden is a walled garden located on the Scripps College Campus. The garden is laid out in two distinct sections: the western area contains a sculpture by Albert Stewart called "Eternal Primitive". The western area of the garden also contains a central pool and four walkways extending in the cardinal directions. The eastern end has a Mediterranean style tiled wall fountain and open flagstone area. Arcades run along the north and south sides of the garden.

On the south wall of the Margaret Fowler Garden are murals by Alfredo Ramos Martínez. The college commissioned Martinez in 1945 to paint a mural (entitled "The Flower Vendors" on the south wall of the Fowler garden. Martínez sketched in the entire composition on the plaster wall and began working on several panels before dying unexpectedly on November 8, 1946, at the age of 72, leaving the mural unfinished. In 1994, a grant from the Getty Endowment allowed the mural to be conserved.[42][43]

Environmental sustainability[edit]

Balch Hall courtyard

Scripps College has several sustainability initiatives underway, from energy conservation to green building practices. On the conservation front, the college has seen monetary and energy savings through use of a new energy management system, and has designed water systems to cut down on waste. Turning "Alumnae Field" into a natural surface also helped in efforts to conserve water. Scripps has also downsized trash bins and made "to-go" containers recyclable, in order to divert more waste from landfills. On the emissions reductions front, maintenance staff use electric blowers and carts (as opposed to gas powered equipment), while a ride-sharing program is available for students, faculty and staff.[44]

For its practices regarding sustainability, Scripps earned a B− on the College Sustainability Report Card 2011, published by the Sustainable Endowments Institute. This grade reflects a quantitative analysis of the effectiveness of the institution's policies. The college received positive recognition for student involvement, on-campus transportation, its food and recycling programs, water programs, and LEED buildings, but fared poorly on the shareholder involvement evaluation category of the report.[45]

Organization and administration[edit]

Scripps is governed as a nonprofit organization by a board of trustees responsible for overseeing the long-term interests of the college.[46]

The college has an endowment of $376 million as of June 2019.[47]

The motto of the college is "Incipit Vita Nova" ("Here Begins New Life") from Dante's New Life.[48]

Academics[edit]

Scripps' Garrison Theater is one of the largest performance spaces at the Claremont Colleges, and frequently hosts talks by distinguished speakers.

Scripps is a member of the Claremont Colleges, and much of student life revolves around the five colleges, or "5Cs." Scripps College, Claremont McKenna College, Pomona College, Pitzer College, and Harvey Mudd College not only interact socially, but also share dining halls, libraries, and other facilities spread throughout the bordering campuses. All five colleges, along with Claremont Graduate University and Keck Graduate Institute of Applied Life Sciences, are part of the Claremont University Consortium.

Scripps students can cross-register for classes at or enroll in the majors of any of the undergraduate schools at The Claremont Colleges. Top majors for 2013-14 include art, biology, economics, English, French studies, math, politics, and psychology. Classes average 16 students, with an overall student-to-teacher ratio of 10:1. More than 21% choose to double or dual major by the time they graduate. All courses are taught by faculty.

Academics are focused on interdisciplinary humanities,[49] combined with rigorous training in the disciplines.[50] General requirements include classes in mathematics, fine arts, letters, natural sciences, social sciences, foreign language, women's/gender studies, and race/ethnic studies. Scripps also requires first-year students to take a writing course in their first semester.[51] Each graduating student must complete a senior thesis or project.[52]

Reputation and rankings[edit]

Academic rankings
Liberal arts colleges
U.S. News & World Report[53] 28
Washington Monthly[54] 116
National
Forbes[55] 60
THE/WSJ[56] 65

Scripps is widely regarded as the most prestigious women's college in the American West.[10]

The 2021 annual ranking by U.S. News & World Report categorizes Scripps as 'more selective', and ranks it tied for 28th best liberal arts college in the nation, 82nd out of 102 for "Best Value, tied for 178th out of 216 in "Top Performers on Social Mobility", and the third best women's college after Wellesley College and Smith College.[57] Forbes in 2019 rated it 60th in its "America's Top Colleges" ranking of 650 schools, which include military academies, national universities, and liberal arts colleges.[58] Kiplinger's Personal Finance places Scripps at 39th in its 2019 ranking of 149 best value liberal arts colleges in the United States.[59] Washington Monthly ranked Scripps 116th in 2020 among 218 liberal arts colleges in the U.S. based on its contribution to the public good, as measured by social mobility, research, and promoting public service.[60]

Admissions[edit]

Admissions statistics
2019 entering
class[61][62]Change vs.
2014

Admit rate32.0%
(Neutral increase +4.8)
Yield rate29.2%
(Decrease −3.6)
Test scores middle 50%
SAT EBRW673–740
SAT Math660–750
ACT Composite30–33
High school GPA
Top 10%77.8%
(Decrease −5.2)
Top 25%97.8%
(Steady +0.8)
Top 50%100.0%
(Steady no change)
  • Among students whose school ranked

For the Class of 2023 (enrolling fall 2019), Scripps accepted 967 of the 3,022 applicants (32.0%).[61]

Scripps College does not require the SAT or ACT exams for students applying for admission.[63] For the Class of 2023, of the 62.2% of enrolled freshmen submitting SAT scores the middle 50% range was 673-740 for evidence-based reading and writing, 660-750 for math, while the ACT Composite middle 50% range was 30-33 for the 50.9% who submitted scores.[61] The average high school GPA of incoming freshmen was 4.20.[61]

The Core Curriculum[edit]

A key part of the Scripps experience is the Core Curriculum in Interdisciplinary Studies, a sequence of three classes that encourage students to think critically and challenge ideas. Every first-year student takes Core I in the fall, which introduces students to major ideas that shape the modern world. Core II seminars focus on specific ideas introduced in Core I and are usually team-taught by two professors in different fields, such as physics and art. The concluding Core III classes encourage discussion and critical thinking for first-semester sophomores, culminating in individual projects that often lead to students' senior thesis or project.

Study abroad[edit]

Scripps College also maintains a robust study abroad program. The program, which more than 60% of students take advantage of, offers access to more than 120 approved programs in 86 cities in 47 countries (including domestic exchanges with Spelman College and George Washington University and internships in Silicon Valley and Washington, D.C.).

Student life[edit]

Seal Courtyard, with Malott Commons at left and the Motley Coffeehouse at right

The Scripps student body consists of 1109 students as of 2019. Roughly half of students are white, and nearly all are female.[64] The median family income of Scripps students is $160,700, with 49% of students coming from the top 10% highest-earning families and 15% from the bottom 60%.[65]

Residential life[edit]

Browning and Dorsey residence halls

Scripps is a residential campus, with nine halls and on-campus apartments providing living arrangements for all four years of undergraduate study. In 2017, The Princeton Review included Scripps in several of their rankings, such as "Best College Dorms" (#5), "Most Beautiful Campus" (#12), and "Best Campus Food" (#13).[66]

All residence halls are mixed-class halls; first-year students, sophomores, juniors, and seniors live in one shared community. The number of residents in each hall ranges from 70 to 120, and each is governed by a Hall Council made up of five officers elected by the residents of that hall.

As of October 2014, an anonymous donor gifted Scripps College with $10 million to support the construction of a tenth residence hall[67] named Nan Elizabeth Walsh Schow Hall.[68]

Student organizations[edit]

The Claremont taiko ensemble performs on the Wood Steps

There are a number of registered clubs and organizations (abbreviated CLORGs) at Scripps.[69] Scripps students also frequently participate in 5C clubs alongside students from the other Claremont Colleges.[70] In total, there are nearly 300 clubs and organizations across the 5Cs.[71]

A student-run feminist coffeehouse known as The Motley is a popular hangout spot and focal point for social life at the college.[72]

There are several media organizations at the Claremont Colleges, the largest of which is The Student Life,[73] the oldest college newspaper in Southern California.[74] It publishes a weekly print edition as well as online content.[75] Additionally, Scripps has a college-specific newspaper, The Scripps Voice. Pomona also has a student-run radio station, KSPC.[76] The Claremont Independent, a conservative magazine, has produced articles about the 5Cs' political culture that have been picked up by national conservative media outlets and drawn criticism from many students.[77][78][79] The Golden Antlers publishes satirical content.[80]

A line of students, many wearing costumes or swimwear, descends toward an alpine ridge
An On the Loose hike descends from the summit of Mount Baldy toward the Devil's Backbone ridge in the San Gabriel Mountains north of campus.

On the Loose (OTL), the outing club of the 5Cs, sponsors trips to outdoors destinations.[81] Its flagship event, an annual hike up Mount Baldy in swimwear or goofy costumes,[82] can draw more than 100 participants.[83] It is affiliated with the Outdoor Education Center of Pomona College (OEC), which lends equipment to students for free and provides outdoor leadership training.[84]

There are several dance groups on campus, including the Claremont Colleges Ballroom Dance Company (CCBDC), which has more than 130 dancers[85] and has won multiple national championships.[86] The Pomona College Theater Department produces four mainstage productions and a dance concert each year, and there are several smaller student-run productions as well.[87] The 5Cs have two improv groups, Without a Box and Underground Theatrical Institution (UTI).[71]

There are eight a cappella groups on campus.[88] One, the Claremont Shades, hosts the annual SCAMFest concert, which draws singers from other Southern California colleges.[89]

Athletics[edit]

Scripps varsity athletes compete alongside athletes from Claremont McKenna College and Harvey Mudd College (other consortium members) as the Claremont-Mudd-Scripps Stags and Athenas.[90] The teams participate in NCAA Division III in the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.

Athletics history[edit]

According to the Division III Fall Learfield Director's Cup Standings for the 2016-2017 year, CMS ranks 12th among all Division III programs, and first among SCIAC colleges.[91] The CMS golf team ranked first among NCAA Division III teams according to Golf Digest, and 17th overall (including Division 1 schools). The rankings are based on the "Balanced" category which is "for students who place equal emphasis on school and sports".[92]

Sports[edit]

Axelrood Pool

Female Scripps athletes compete on the 11 CMS women's teams:[90]

  • Basketball
  • Cross Country
  • Golf
  • Lacrosse
  • Soccer
  • Softball
  • Swimming and Diving
  • Tennis
  • Track and Field
  • Volleyball
  • Water Polo

There are also 10 CMS men's teams, but these have few if any Scripps athletes.

Athletic facilities[edit]

  • Basketball and Volleyball — Roberts Pavilion
  • Lacrosse — John Zinda Field
  • Softball — Softball Field
  • Soccer — John Pritzlaff Field
  • Swimming and Diving — Matt M. Axelrood Pool
  • Tennis — Biszantz Family Tennis Center
  • Track and Field — Burns Track Complex[93]

Rivals[edit]

The other sports combination of the Claremont Colleges, and CMS' primary rival, is the team made up of Pomona College and Pitzer College known as the Pomona-Pitzer Sagehens (P-P).

Notable alumni[edit]

Former U.S. Representative Gabby Giffords (D‑AZ 8th), class of 1993
Name Class year Notability Ref.
Anne Hopkins Aitken 1932 Zen Buddhist in the Harada-Yasutani lineage [94]
Helene Mayer Exchange student 1932–1934 Olympic gold medalist fencer who competed for Nazi Germany despite being Jewish [95]
Nancy Neighbor Russell 1953 Founder, Friends of the Columbia Gorge [96]
Molly Ivins Attended 1962–1963 Newspaper columnist [97][98][99]
Beth Nolan 1973 White House Counsel for Bill Clinton [100]
Harriet Doerr Attended 1975–1976 Novelist [101][9]
Alison Saar 1978 Sculptor and installation artist known for work on black identity [102]
Elizabeth Turk 1983 Sculpture artist [103]
Merodie A. Hancock 1987 Academic and president of Thomas Edison State University [104]
Gabby Giffords 1993 Democratic U.S. Representative for Arizona's 8th district, gun control advocate [97]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The student body is predominantly female but includes a handful of transgender men.

References[edit]

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