Scrooge (1935 film)

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Scrooge1935 icon.jpg
Film Title Frame
Directed by Henry Edwards
Produced by Julius Hagen
Written by H. Fowler Mear
Charles Dickens (novel)
Based on A Christmas Carol 
by Charles Dickens
Starring Sir Seymour Hicks
Donald Calthrop
Robert Cochran
Mary Glynne
Garry Marsh
Oscar Asche
Marie Ney
C.V. France
Music by W. L. Trytel
Cinematography Sydney Blythe
William Luff
Edited by Ralph Kemplen
Distributed by

Twickenham Film Studios (United Kingdom)

Paramount Pictures (United States)
Release dates
  • 26 November 1935 (1935-11-26) (United Kingdom)
  • 30 November 1935 (1935-11-30) (United States)
  • 13 December 1935 (1935-12-13) (New York City)
Running time

78 minutes

63 minutes (edited version)
Country United Kingdom
Language English

Scrooge is a 1935 British fantasy film directed by Henry Edwards and starring Seymour Hicks, Donald Calthrop and Robert Cochran. Hicks appears as Ebenezer Scrooge, the miser who hates Christmas. It was the first sound version of the Charles Dickens classic A Christmas Carol, not counting a 1928 short subject that now appears to be lost. Hicks had previously played the role of Scrooge on the stage many times beginning in 1901, and again in a 1913 British silent film version.[1]


The 1935 film differs from all other versions of the story in one significant way – most of the tormented spirits, including that of Jacob Marley, are not actually shown onscreen, although their voices are heard. Only the Ghost of Christmas Present (Oscar Asche) is actually seen in full figure – the Ghost of Christmas Past is a mere shape with no discernible facial features, Marley's Ghost is seen only briefly as a face on the door knocker, and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come is just an outstretched pointing finger.[2]

Seymour Hicks plays both the old and young Scrooge. Albert Finney (in the 1970 film Scrooge) and Jim Carrey (in the 2009 film A Christmas Carol) are the only other actors to play both young and old Scrooge on film.

The story is also severely truncated. Much time is spent at the beginning of the film – before any of the ghosts appear – setting up the atmosphere of rich and poor London. Scrooge's sister Fan and Fezziwig are completely omitted from this version.[3]

This is the first of only two sound versions in which Tiny Tim is actually seen lying dead. In the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come sequence Bob Cratchit grieves at Tim's bedside. The 1999 television film version also contains this scene.

Maurice Evans appears briefly as a man harassed by Scrooge to pay his debts.[4] Donald Calthrop portrays a Bob Cratchit who bears an uncanny physical resemblance to John Leech's illustrations of the character in the original 1843 edition of the novel.

Two versions of this film exist; each has a differently designed opening credits sequence (a book and a metal plate), and one of the two versions omits the very last scenes.[5]

For years it was kept out of circulation, due to the extremely poor quality of most of the surviving prints.


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